Dan Ferrell writes about do-it-yourself car maintenance and also repair. He has actually certifications in automation and control technology.
You are watching: 2002 ford focus egr valve problems
Has her EGR valve (your Exhaust Gas Recirculation valve) unable to do bad? Maybe. I'll tell you the symptoms below. But before you start replacing parts, keep in mind that the very same engine performance problems that suggest a poor EGR valve can also indicate difficulties in other parts the the system. If girlfriend don’t perform your troubleshooting, friend may finish up replacing components unnecessarily and wasting time and also money.
This short article will tell you numerous things:the symptom of a poor EGR valve;how to start investigating even if it is the difficulty is her EGR valve or other else;what the EGR valve does and also how the works;and the different species of EGR valves.
EGR valve i plugged v carbon deposits.
Photo courtesy the Moosealope on Flickr
Symptoms the a negative EGR Valve
Symptoms that a negative EGR valve include:rough idling or stallinga odor of fuelincreased fuel consumptionpinging, tapping, or knocking soundsfailed smog testCheck Engine light on
Another symptom you might not see regularly is a misfire. The misfire is actually led to by clogged i in the intake manifold.
Carbon buildup from exhaust gases flowing through the EGR valve might restrict circulation to one or much more cylinders. The remainder of the cylinders then will gain all the exhaust flow, bring about the misfire.
The input ports and EGR valve chin may likewise have carbon deposits. Every these passages and also ports will need to be cleared.
Valve Stuck open up vs. Valve grounding Shut
Actually there space two kinds of bad EGR valves, with different symptoms. One EGR valve deserve to fail in two ways: It deserve to be open all the time, or it can be closed all the time.
If the EGR Valve rod Open:
This will reason a consistent flow of exhaust gases right into the input manifold. You'll notice one or more of the adhering to symptoms:A rough idle upon starting the engine (that is, once the engine is cold) and also sometimes in ~ a protect against light or while looking for a clues in a parking many (that is, at short engine speed in a warmed-up engine).Stalling when the engine idles.Increase in fuel consumption.A slight—or strong—fuel odor while operation the vehicle, since of the increase in hydrocarbons leave the tailpipe (see the next symptom).Your car fails the emissions test. Once the engine is to run at low RPM, lower temperatures in the combustion chambers stop all the fuel indigenous burning, therefore the flow of unburned hydrocarbon gases coming out of the tailpipe increases significantly.The examine Engine irradiate (or breakdown Indicator Light, MIL, depending upon your model) illuminates on your dashboard.You feeling the engine has actually low power, specifically at short speeds.
If the EGR Valve pole Closed:
This will certainly permanently block the circulation of exhaust gases right into the input manifold. You'll an alert one or more of the adhering to symptoms:A pinging or tapping noise comes from the engine at low RPM (at speeds greater than idle). The noise is the sound of at an early stage ignition the the fuel when it meets high temperatures.Loud detonations. A second ignition can happen after the normal ignition, and also the two can incorporate with enough power to cause engine damage.Your auto fails the emissions test. High temperature in the combustion chamber enable the too much formation the oxides of nitrogen, which space released with the tailpipe.The examine Engine light, or malfunction Indicator irradiate (MIL), illuminates on her dashboard.
Troubleshooting: Is the the EGR Valve or something Else?
To make things even more complicated, the very same engine performance troubles that suggest a negative EGR valve can also indicate troubles in other parts that the system:spark plugs,spark plug wires,the fuel filter,the fuel pump regulator,and various engine sensors.
An increase in hydrocarbon emissions isn’t necessarily led to by a stuck-open EGR valve. Troubles in various other systems may reason this same symptom as well: a leaking fuel injector, negative ignition timing, bad cylinder compression, poor oxygen sensor, or various other problems. Similarly, an increase in NOx might be brought about by a vacuum leak, a clogged fuel injector, short fuel pressure, a leaking head gasket, or other problems.A stormy idle may be caused by a faulty ignition coil, a vacuum leak, or an ignition mechanism problem.
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So prior to spending money and also replacing parts, troubleshoot the EGR valve and other system materials to try to narrow down the problem. This article, exactly how to test an EGR Valve, provides a series of troubleshooting actions on vacuum and also electrical vacuum-controlled EGR valves, and also will help you discover out if the difficulty is her EGR or other else. If your vehicle has an digital EGR valve, troubleshooting will be easier, due to the fact that it will have actually a examine Engine or MIL light on the dashboard, and also you will have the ability to find the end what engine system breakdown triggered the light. With an aftermarket scan tool, you have the right to pull the problem codes from the computer's memory and see what system or components are bring about the problem. Then, girlfriend can shot to find the fault through the help of the auto repair manual for your specific car make and model. Haynes makes an excellent inexpensive aftermarket manuals.