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|The new Stone age (Neolithic Era)|
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The brand-new Stone period (Neolithic Era)
Like the Old rock Age, the world of the new Stone age used rock for tools. Neo is a source we usage in the English language, it originates from the Greek word neos, which way new or recent. So, Neolithic way "New Stone."
If peoplewere still using mostly rock for tools, why do we bother separating these 2 eras? The brand-new Stone age was a time when the Earth"s climate was warmer than the climate in the Old stone Age. No one knows for sure why the planet warmed; about 12,000 years ago, the earth ended its last great ice age.
As the planet warmed, the populace of people and animals increased.A temperate climatemeant thatanimals and people can stay in one place. Some civilization decided to give up your nomadic lifestyle and also settle down. Homes came to be permanent. Civilization learned to grow their very own crops, rather than find for wild berries and grains. The elevating of crops and also animals is referred to as agriculture.
The human being of the new Stone Age also learned exactly how to train animals to be valuable to humans. The training of crops and also animals is called domestication. Nobody is certain which pet wasthe very first to be domesticated by humans. At one time, all animals were wild. Experts think that the dog can have to be the first domesticated animal. Just how do girlfriend think the trained dog was beneficial to rock Age people?
Rather than the little family groups of the Old stone Age, we have proof that the people of the brand-new Stone Age cleared up in big city complexes. Catal Hoyuk, Turkishfor"fork mound," in the modern country of Turkey is an outstanding example of a Neolithic city. In Neolithic cities, people living close together had actually to cooperate; they many likely created rules to live by to get in addition to each other. This resulted in civilization, which actually method "to live in a city."
Farmers in Neolithic times created a excess of food that they can share v other human being in their community. This surplus of food meant that no everyone had to farm. Human being in the new Stone Age began to specialization in skills other 보다 farming. Specialization means doing one thing well. Part made devices andhomes, while others created jewelry and artwork. Catal Hoyuk is a Neolithic city well-off with evidence of artwork. Archaeologists have found artefacts like figurines and jewelry. Thereare likewise frescoes ~ above the walls of the residences of Catal Huyuk.
We have proof of trade between Neolithic cities. If excavating in Jericho, one of the world"s earliest cities, archaeologists foundobsidian knives and also blades that initially came indigenous Catal Hoyuk. Obsidian is volcano glass that was abundant near Catal Hoyuk. Obsidian productsmade increase a big part of Catal Hoyuk"s economy. Over there is no easily accessible obsidian any kind of where near Jericho, situated in modern-day Israel. Might the human being of Jericho have actually traded their numerous salt native the adjacent Dead Sea to the civilization of Catal Hoyuk in exchange for obsidian objects?
Toward the end of the Neolithic Era, people started to use devices made native metal. Copper to be the first metal supplied for tools. Eventually copper changed stone, bring about the Copper Age. We will talk in class about an amazing early Copper Age exploration in the mountains near the Italian andAustrian border.