Reservoirs are water impoundments—or human-built lakes—that do not occur naturally in the landscape.

The floor that makes up contemporary Georgia had couple of natural lakes prior to European settlement, and most impoundments, developed by beavers and debris dams from high flows, were reasonably small. The absence of glacial retreat, floor slope, and local geology provided conditions for big and tiny rivers and streams however not because that lakes. The organic water bodies that happen in Georgia are primarily situated in the southern part of the state in the coastal Plain, whereby sinkhole lakes and also isolated wetlands in organic shallow depressions mainly fed through rain and shallow groundwater, referred to as Carolina bays, form. Hence, the bulk of lakes in Georgia that room now enjoyed for recreational, industrial, municipal, and federal government uses are made by people.




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Lake Allatoona

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History

The production of big reservoirs in Georgia started in the early 1900s, when the Georgia Power firm impounded waters for use as cooling structures for coal-fired electric plants and also hydropower. Additional reservoirs were built in the 1930s by the Tennessee valley Authority as part of a large flood control and power generation task in the Tennessee flow valley. The U.S. Military Corps that Engineers began constructing dams in Georgia for navigation and flood control in the 1940s and also 1950s under the Flood manage Act that 1944 and the Watershed Protection and Flood prevention Act that 1954. Numerous of these dams likewise produce hydropower. The Georgia Power firm and the Corps the Engineers ongoing to impound rivers for power production and flood manage into the 1980s. The bulk of brand-new reservoirs in Georgia in ~ the begin of the twenty-first century room being constructed for the purpose of increasing the local water supply. The state of Georgia in 2003 had actually thirty big reservoirs.