What is Barium Hydroxide?

Barium hydroxide is likewise called together baryta through the formula Ba(OH)2. That is a clear white powder through no odour. The is poisonous in nature. The is ionic in nature for example, Ba(OH)2 (barium hydroxide) in aqueous solution can administer two hydroxide ions per molecule. Barium hydroxide is the just reagent explained for metalizing carboxamidesBarium hydroxide was much less degradative as compared to barium oxide.

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Other name – corrosive baryta, Barium dihydroxide, barium(2+) dihydroxide


Ba(OH)2Barium Hydroxide
Density3.74 g/cm³
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass171.34 g/mol
Boiling Point780 °C
Melting Point78 °C
Chemical FormulaBaH2O2

Barium hydroxide framework – Ba(OH)2

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Physical properties of Barium hydroxide – Ba(OH)2


OdourOdourless
AppearanceWhite solid
Covalently-Bonded Unit3
Vapour Pressure0.48 kPa in ~ 17.6 deg C
pH11.27
SolubilitySlightly soluble in cold water

Uses the Barium hydroxide – Ba(OH)2

Barium hydroxide forms a solid caustic basic in aqueous solution. The has countless uses, e.g., together a test because that sulphides; in pesticides; in the produce of alkali and also glass.Use the barium hydroxide lime fairly than soda lime, high sevoflurane concentration, high absorbent temperature, and fresh absorbent use.Used in the produce of alkalis, glass, oil and grease additives, barium soaps, and also other barium compounds.

Health Hazard

Inhalation the barium dusts can reason irritation the the nose and also upper respiratory tract and also may create a bright pneumoconiosis recognized as baritosis.Barium ions are toxic come muscles specifically heart, creating stimulation and then paralysis.It is extremely dangerous neurotoxin. Adverse impact may an outcome like impacts on heart and the function of the central nervous mechanism (CNS).

Frequently request Questions

What room the provides of barium hydroxide?

Industrially, barium hydroxide is offered as a precursor to several various other barium compounds. The monohydrate of this link is widely offered to dehydrate and extract sulfate from various products. The an extremely low solubility of barium sulfate is made use of in this application.

How is barium hydroxide prepared?

Barium hydroxide is usually all set by dissolve barium oxide (chemical formula: BaO) in water. The chemical equation because that this reaction is listed below.

BaO + 9 H2O → Ba(OH)2·8H2O

It can be provided that this compound crystallizes right into the octahydrate form, i m sorry is then converted right into a monohydrate by heating it in air.

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What happens when barium hydroxide is heated?

When heated to 800° C, barium hydroxide decomposes to productivity barium oxide. Barium lead carbonate is provided by reaction v carbon dioxide. The strong alkaline, aqueous solution undergoes neutralization reactions with acids.