What is Bell"s palsy?

Bell"s palsy is an inexplicable episode of face muscle weak or paralysis. It begins suddenly and also worsens over 48 hours. This problem results from damage to the facial nerve (the 7th cranial nerve). Pain and discomfort usually take place on one side of the confront or head.

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Bell’s palsy can strike anyone at any type of age. It wake up most often in pregnant women, and also people who have diabetes, influenza, a cold, or another upper respiratory ailment. Bell"s palsy affect men and also woman equally. The is less common prior to age 15 or after period 60.

Bell"s palsy is not taken into consideration permanent, however in rarely cases, that does no disappear. Currently, over there is no well-known cure for Bell"s palsy; however, restore usually starts 2 weeks to 6 month from the beginning of the symptoms. Most people with Bell"s palsy recover complete facial strength and expression.

What reasons Bell"s palsy?

The cause of Bell"s palsy is no known. That is believed that it might be because of inflammation the is directed by the body"s immune system versus the nerve controlling movement the the face. Bell"s palsy is sometimes associated with the following:

Diabetes High blood press Injury toxins Lyme disease Guillain-Barré syndrome Sarcoidosis Myasthenia gravis multiple sclerosis Infection, specifically following a viral infection v Herpes simplex virus (a virus that is concerned the cause of the typical "cold sores" that the mouth)

What room the symptom of Bell"s palsy?

These are the most usual symptoms the Bell"s palsy:

Disordered movement of the muscle that regulate facial expressions, such as smiling, squinting, blinking, or closing the eyelid lose of feeling in the confront Headache Tearing Drooling ns of the sense of taste top top the prior two-thirds that the tongue Hypersensitivity to sound in the impacted ear (hyperacusis) inability to close the eye top top the impacted side of the face

The symptom of Bell"s palsy may look choose other problems or clinical problems. Always see yourhealthcare provider because that a diagnosis.

How is Bell"s palsy diagnosed?

Your health care provider deserve to usually diagnose Bell’s palsy by spring at your symptoms. There space no details tests offered to diagnose Bell’s palsy. However, your health care provider may order test to dominion out other problems that have the right to cause similar symptoms and also to identify the level of nerve joining or damage. These tests may include:

Electromyography (EMG) to recognize the extent of the nerve involvement Blood test to recognize if another condition such together diabetes or Lyme disease is existing Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) to recognize if over there is a structural reason for her symptoms.


It is important that your health care provider dominance out the existence of a stroke or tumor the may reason symptoms comparable to Bell’s palsy.

How is Bell"s palsy treated?

If a details cause because that Bell’s palsy is identified, such together infection, that cause will it is in treated. Otherwise, the symptoms are treated together needed.

One uniformly recommended treatment for Bell"s palsy is protecting the eye from dry at night or while functioning at a computer. Eye care may include eye drops during the day, ointment at bedtime, or a moisture room at night. This helps safeguard the cornea from being scratched, which is an important to the monitoring of Bell"s palsy.

Your healthcare provider will prescribe other treatment for her condition based on the severity of your symptoms and your wellness history. Other treatment alternatives include:

Steroids to minimize inflammation Antiviral medicine, such as acyclovir Analgesics or moist heat to relax pain Physical treatment to wake up the face nerve

Some civilization may select to use different therapies in the therapy of Bell"s palsy, however there is no evidence they do a distinction in recovery. Together treatment may include:

be sure Acupuncture electric stimulation Biofeedback cultivate Vitamin therapy, including B12, B6, and also the mineral zinc

What room the complications of Bell"s palsy?

Bell’s palsy normally resolves in time and causes no permanent complications. However, throughout the disease most civilization with Bell’s palsy space unable come close their eye ~ above the impacted side of their face. It is, therefore, necessary to defend the eye from dry at night or while working at a computer. Eye treatment may incorporate eye drops during the day, ointment in ~ bedtime, or a moisture room at night. This helps protect the cornea from being scratched.

Living with Bell"s palsy

Bell’s palsy normally resolves in time and causes no irreversible complications. The is important, however, come take medicines as directed. That is also an important that you protect the influenced eye indigenous drying. Usage of eye drops throughout the day and ointment in ~ bedtime can protect the cornea indigenous scratching.

When need to I contact my healthcare provider?

Bell’s palsy commonly starts to boost in 2 weeks but may take it 3 come 6 month to return to normal. If there is no improvement or if any symptoms worsen, it is crucial to phone call your medical care provider.

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Key points around Bell"s palsy

Bell"s palsy is an unexplained episode of facial muscle weakness or paralysis that usually resolves on its own and also causes no complications. The cause of Bell’s palsy is unknown yet is thought to be led to by inflammation affecting the body’s immune system. It is connected with other conditions such together diabetes. Symptom of facial weakness or paralysis acquire worse over the first few days and start to boost in around 2 weeks. It deserve to take 3 to 6 months to completely resolve. Medicine and eye treatment are crucial in dealing with Bell’s palsy.

Next steps

Tips to assist you obtain the many from a visit come your medical care provider:

understand the factor for your visit and what you want to happen. Before your visit, compose down concerns you want answered. Lug someone v you to assist you questioning questions and remember what your provider speak you. In ~ the visit, compose down the surname of a brand-new diagnosis, and any brand-new medicines, treatments, or tests. Additionally write down any new instructions your provider gives you. Know why a new medicine or therapy is prescribed, and also how the will help you. Also know what the side effects are. Asking if your condition can be cure in other ways. Understand why a check or procedure is recommended and also what the results can mean. Understand what to mean if you do not take it the medicine or have actually the test or procedure. If you have actually a follow-up appointment, compose down the date, time, and purpose for the visit. Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions.