When it comes to discussing horses, there is a many terminology the is thrown around. I know that as soon as I very first started associating v horses, i was puzzled with a the majority of the jargon; however, I at some point got increase the courage come ask and I acquired the answers i needed!

Two that the terms i heard used a lot as soon as I was roughly horses to be colt and also foal. In plenty of cases, this terms were provided interchangeably, which that made it difficult for a newcomer favor me to keep up! The an excellent news is that I ultimately learned the difference and can currently share this v you!

Quick Navigation

A Colt is a type of Foal

Foal is the term offered to define young horses. All colts are foals; however, no all foals room colts. In fact, just 50 percent of foals room colts (assuming the 50 percent space female).

You are watching: Difference between a colt and a foal

There space Lots of species of Foals


Foal is the term used to describe a baby horse. As soon as a equine givesbirth to a baby, this is referred to as a foal. A foal deserve to either be masculine or mrs andthis ax is used up until around one year of age. In addition, part foals arecalled “suckling” if the steed is still feeding top top milk from its mother.

The usual gestation the a baby equine lasts around 11 months. Whenbaby equines are birthed, the process is generally straightforward. As soon as foalscome out, your legs are regularly 90 percent of your adult elevation already. Foalsstand straight in former of their mommy to nurse and also usually perform this until about ayear that age. In ~ a few days of birth, foals normally learn exactly how to gallop.They begin to eat heavy food at ten job of age and, as soon as foals with one yearof age, they space no longer dubbed foals. Usually, this term shifts to yearling.

AnOverview that a Colt

A coltis a male baby horse and also is only one type of foal. Think of a colt together a babyboy equine instead that a baby girl horse. Usually, colts are referred to as suchuntil approximately four year of age; however, they are also called yearlings oncethey reach a year that age.

In the wild, colts will frequently be driven away native the fill ataround two or three years that age. The leader that the load will drive these coltsoff on their own to prevent these younger male steeds from breeding with theirsisters. Then, a bunch that males that have actually been propelled from the fill will runoff together. In some places, this team of young male equines is referred to as a ragor a rake.

I know that I offered to obtain confused in between the state colt and also yearling as well. I assumed that i was lacking something since two world would describe the same steed by two various terms. Eventually, i learned that the same horse can be characterized as a colt and also a yearling. Few of the horses at the ranch I worked at were being bred because that racing.

Sometimes, colts would certainly be castrated at two years of age in bespeak to stop them native breeding; however, this greatly depends ~ above the location at which the equine is kept. The steeds at our ranch that were no castrated were called stallions.

If the horse was castrated, this steed was called a gelding. This leader to further confusion that needs to be explained.

What Is a Gelding Horse?


A steed is dubbed a gelding if it has actually been castrated. In some cases, human being refer come geldings as donkeys or mules. I have actually seen horse specialists refer come numerous species of equines as donkeys or mules.

In general, a equine is referred to as a donkey or a mule if it can not breed. Therefore, some equines are born as donkeys (because they cannot breed) while other horses come to be them since they are castrated.

In addition, the process of castrating a male horse is called a “geld” procedure. If who “gelds” a horse, this is castration. After speak with few of the horse experts at my ranch, I have actually learned that there room a few reasons why a horse can be castrated.

First, this is a form of population control. Part ranches carry out not have actually the resources to take care of additional horses. Therefore, lock castrate your male horses in an initiative to prevent new horses from being born. Second, castrating male equines is sometimes necessary to make them simpler to control.

The added testosterone can make male equines too aggressive. They might harm the riders or the horses that space present. In general, if we aren’t walking to usage a horse for breeding purposes, climate we usually castrate it.

An rundown of a Filly Horse


In general, the opposite of a colt horse is dubbed a filly. Filly is the term supplied to describe a female equine that is under 3 years the age. When a female horse reaches 3 years that age, we describe this steed as a mare.

Therefore, a filly is a mrs foal. Again, half of all foals space colts if the other fifty percent are called fillies.

Aside indigenous gender, there room a couple of other differences between colts and also fillies as well. In general, fillies are lot calmer than foals. This makes them less complicated to ride.

Fillies often tend to have less totally free will than colts and also are an ext obedient. This is a significant factor as soon as we offer riding lessons to young children at our ranch.

When youngsters show up for lessons, us think carefully around which horse we are going come let them ride. If we certainly want come think around the elevation of the child when contrasted to the steed (as well as the personal history of the horse), we are likewise going to think around the gender of the horse.

Colts often tend to have much more energy and also are harder come control. They often tend to want to execute their own thing. Fillies have much less aggression and also energy. Together a result, they are much much easier to control. The is why we tend to use fillies to teach youngsters how come ride.

Once fillies reach 3 years the age, we call them a mare. Thereare 2 distinct types of mares at our ranch.

Mare matches a Broodmare


A mare is a mrs adult equine that has reached 3 years of age. In racing, a mare might be referred to as a thoroughbred if that is offered for racing.

Of note, thoroughbred can be supplied to explain either an adult masculine or one adult female horse that is supplied for horseracing. Therefore, the is easy to view how and why this term might be confusing.

Think the a male as an adult mrs horse. Again, mares space much simpler to ride than stallions (adult masculine horses). This is since they don’t have actually as much horse testosterone pumping through their bodies.

As a result, we prefer to use mares come teach people how to ride. Since mares are bigger than fillies, we normally reserve mares for taller riders such as teenagers or adults. Kids with much more experience can do well v mares together well.

Now, it is important to comment on broodmares as well. A female steed that is offered for breeding is referred to as a broodmare. Brood is a ax that means young.

Therefore, broodmare accurate translates into a young woman horse; however, in this situation, young is supplied to refer to the potential for offspring.

Therefore, a an ext literal translation could be a “female horse that gives offspring.” that is precisely what a broodmare is.

See more: What Is The Difference Between Durum And Semolina Flour Or Durum Flour?

Now, this hatchet is not supplied until the horse has given birth come afoal. Prior to this point, the equine is still dubbed a mare or a “prospectbroodmare.” in ~ our ranch, we usage the hatchet “prospect broodmare” once the horsehas end up being pregnant.

We want our young equines to be as happy and also healthy together possible. That is why we take care of ours broodmares by providing them through special attention. Furthermore, we usually select our strongest, healthiest mares to come to be broodmares.

That is just how we for sure our following generation of equines is happy and healthy as well. A broodmare is among the most vital horses in ours stable.