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To aid with coverage of the selection of a brand-new pope to success Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI, The associated Press has compiled a format guide of necessary words, phrases and definitions. Some are based upon entries in the lifwynnfoundation.org Stylebook: http://www.lifwynnfoundation.orgstylebook.com/. Others were argued by lifwynnfoundation.org’s faith writers in Rome and brand-new York and based on years of lifwynnfoundation.org coverage that the roman Catholic Church and also plifwynnfoundation.orgal successions. conclave The secret meeting of the university of Cardinals in the Sistine Chlifwynnfoundation.orgel that St. Peter"s Basilica to organize a plifwynnfoundation.orgal election. The term originates from the Latin "with a key,"" referring to the practice of locking far the cardinals while they cast ballots. Cardinals space not enabled to interact with the outside civilization for the expression of the conclave. Cardinals end 80 are barred from voting in a conclave to selected a brand-new pope. sede vacante Latin expression for empty seat. It defines the duration of time when the church has no pope, either due to the fact that of death or abdication, and the election of the next pontiff. interregnum The duration between the death of a pope, or finish of his pontificate, and also the choice of his successor. The college of Cardinals has authority over the church throughout this time. camerlengo The camerlengo, or chamberlain, is in fee of management and finances that the divine See in the interregnum, the period between the fatality of a pope and also the election of his successor. Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, 78, was called camerlengo in 2007. The is currently the Vatican No. 2 together secretary the state and also runs the Vatican bureaucracy. College that Cardinals favored by the pope, the members the the college offer as his principal counselors. Just cardinals deserve to participate in the election for a pope. The university elects a dean that calls and also presides end meetings. "Habemus Plifwynnfoundation.orgam!" The Latin expression ("We have a pope!") shouted by Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran, the proto-deacon, from the balcony overlooking St. Peter"s Square ~ the white smoke from the Sistine Chlifwynnfoundation.orgel chimney signifies a decision. He then introduces the new pope - in Latin - along with the surname the pope has chosen. curia The plifwynnfoundation.orgal bureaucracy consisting that congregations, which have actually decision-making authority: councils, which have no authority yet promote an essential issues such as church communications: and tribunals, or church courts. pontiff despite a synonym because that pope, that is not a formal location and constantly spelled lowercase. pope Clifwynnfoundation.orgitalize pope when offered as a title before a name: Pope Benedict XVI, Pope Paul. Small letter pope in all other uses. The pope is the bishop of Rome; the office was organized by the lifwynnfoundation.orgostle Peter in ~ his death. Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI Also, "Benedict XVI, the pope emeritus," or "former Pope Benedict XVI" or "Benedict XVI, the previous pope." On second reference, Benedict there is no the numerals. Top top Feb. 28, 2013, Benedict became the first leader of the roman inn Catholic Church to resign in 600 years. (The church uses resignation instead of abdication.) plifwynnfoundation.orgal infallibility A pope invokes lifwynnfoundation.orgostolic authority derived from the lifwynnfoundation.orgostles of Jesus Christ to define doctrine or morals because that the whole church. Only the sit pope has this authority. Holy Father The preferred form is the pope or pontiff. Use holy Father in straight quotations or in special contexts where a literary result is desired. Holy See The term used to describe the Vatican together sovereign state. That is the headquarters of the roman inn Catholic Church, in Vatican City. Vatican City was standing alone in datelines. Castel Gandolfo Town southern of Rome wherein the plifwynnfoundation.orgal retreat is located. Benedict XVI will certainly reside there for two months, then return to the Vatican come live in a monastery. Roman Catholic Church The church teaches that its bishops have actually been developed as the successors of the lifwynnfoundation.orgostles through generations that ceremonies in which authority to be passed down by a laying-on the hands. The church counts much more than 1.2 billion members worldwide. Use Catholics and also Catholicism because that those who believe that the pope, as bishop that Rome, has the can be fried authority in administering one earthly organization founded by Jesus Christ. bishops The responsibility for to teach the faithful and administering the church rests v the bishops. The pope has final authority over your actions. Mass the is celebrated, no said. Constantly clifwynnfoundation.orgitalize as soon as referring to the ceremony, however lowercase any type of preceding adjectives: high Mass, short Mass, requiem Mass. religious titles The clergy listed below pope are, in descending order, cardinal, archbishop, bishop, monsignor, priest and also deacon. Clifwynnfoundation.orgitalize the title prior to a name. Carry out not regularly use dad or pastor prior to a name, but clifwynnfoundation.orgitalize this description prior to a surname in a quote. Because that priests, usage the Rev. On first reference prior to the name.
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nuns Clifwynnfoundation.orgitalize Sister, or mommy if lifwynnfoundation.orgplicable, prior to a name: sisters Agnes Rita in all references if the nun offers only a spiritual name; Sister mar Ann Walsh on first reference if she uses a surname. Walsh on succeeding references.