A vector is a quantity that has both magnitude, as well as direction. A vector that has a size of 1 is a unit vector. That is likewise known as Direction Vector. Find out vectors in detail here.

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For example, vector v = (1,3) is not a unit vector, due to the fact that its magnitude is not equal to 1, i.e., |v| = √(12+32) ≠ 1. Any vector can end up being a unit vector by dividing it through the magnitude of the provided vector.

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Unit Vector Symbol

Unit Vector is stood for by the prize ‘^’, i beg your pardon is referred to as a lid or hat, such as: (hata). It is provided by (hata= fracaa)

Where |a| is because that norm or magnitude of vector a.

It deserve to be calculated making use of a Unit vector formula or by using a calculator.


Unit vectors are usually figured out to form the basic of a vector space. Every vector in the room can be expressed together a linear combination of unit vectors. The dot commodities of two unit vectors is a scalar quantity whereas the overcome product of 2 arbitrary unit vectors outcomes in third vector orthogonal come both the them.

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What is the unit typical vector?

The common vector is a vector i beg your pardon is perpendicular come the surface at a offered point. It is also called “normal,” come a surface is a vector. As soon as normals are approximated on close up door surfaces, the normal pointing in the direction of the inner of the surface and outward-pointing normal room usually discovered. The unit vector obtained by normalizing the normal vector is the unit normal vector, additionally known as the “unit normal.”Here, we divide a nonzero typical vector by its vector norm.

Unit Vector Formula

As explained over vectors have both size (Value) and also a direction. Lock are presented with an arrowhead (veca). (hata) denotes a unit vector. If we desire to change any vector in unit vector, division it by the vector’s magnitude. Usually, xyz collaborates are supplied to write any type of vector.

It can be done in 2 ways:

(veca) = (x, y, z) utilizing the brackets.(veca) = x(hati) + y (hatj) +z (hatk)

Formula because that magnitude of a vector is:

(left | veca ight |=sqrtx^2+y^2+z^2)
Unit Vector = (fracVectorVector’s magnitude)

The over is a unit vector formula.

How to uncover the unit vector?

To uncover a unit vector through the exact same direction together a given vector, we division the vector by its magnitude. Because that example, think about a vector v = (1, 4) which has actually a magnitude of |v|. If we divide each ingredient of vector v by |v| we will gain the unit vector uv i m sorry is in the same direction together v.

How to stand for Vector in a bracket format?

(hata hatequiv fracaleft =frac(x,y,z)sqrtx^2+y^2+z^2=fracxsqrtx^2+y^2+z^2,fracysqrtx^2+y^2+z^2,fraczsqrtx^2+y^2+z^2)

How to represent Vector in a unit vector ingredient format?

(hatahatequiv fraca =fracxhati+ yhatj +z hatksqrtx^2+y^2+z^2 =(fracxsqrtx^2+y^2+z^2hati,fracysqrtx^2+y^2+z^2hatj,fraczsqrtx^2+y^2+z^2hatk))

Where x, y, z space the value of the vector in the x, y, z axis respectively and

(hata) is a unit vector, (veca) is a vector, (left | veca ight |)is the size of the vector (veca, hati, hatj, hatk) are the command unit vectors along the x , y , z axis.

Unit Vector Example

Here is an instance based top top the unit vector. Observe and follow each step and solve problems based upon it.

Question 1:

Find the unit vector (vecp) for the given vector, 12(hati) – 3(hatj) – 4 (hatk). Show it in both the layouts – Bracket and also Unit vector component.

Solution: Let’s discover the magnitude of the provided vector first, (vecp) is :

(left |p ight | = sqrtx^2+y^2+z^2 left |p ight | = sqrtx^2+y^2+z^2 left |p ight | = sqrtx^2+y^2+z^2 left |p ight | = sqrt144 + 9 + 16 left |p ight | = sqrt169 left |p ight | = 13)

Let’s usage this size to uncover the unit vector now:

(hatp = fracpp = fracxhati+y hatj +zhatksqrtx^2+y^2+z^2)

=(hatp=frac12hati-3 hatj – 4hatj13)= (hatp = frac1213hati -frac313hatj-frac413hatk)The unit vector in Bracket type is:

(hatp = (frac(12, -3, -4)13 hatp = (frac(12)13, -frac(3)13,frac(-4)13))

Unit Vector Problem

Question 2:

Find the unit vector (vecq) for the given vector, (-2hati + 4hatj – 4 hatk.). Display it in both the styles – Bracket and also Unit vector component.

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Solution: Let’s find the magnitude of the given vector first, (vecq) is :

(left |q ight |) = (sqrtx^2+y^2+z^2)(left |q ight | = sqrt-2^2+(4)^2+(-4)^2)(left |q ight |) = (sqrt4 + 16 + 16)(left |q ight |) = (sqrt36)(left |q ight |) = 6

Let’s use this magnitude to uncover the unit vector now:

(hatq= fracq =fracxhati + yhatj +z hatksqrtx^2+y^2+z^2 hatq = frac-2hati +4 hatj – 4hatq6= frac-26hati + frac46 hatj -frac46hatk)(hatq= frac-2hati +4 hatj- 4 hatk 6)(hatp = frac-26hati + frac46 hatj -frac46hatk)

The unit vector in Bracket type is:

(hatp = frac(-2, 4, -4)6 hatp = frac(-2)6, frac(4)6, frac(-4)6= frac(-1)3, frac(2)3, frac(-2)3)

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