Francis Sumner, PhD

Francis Sumner, PhD, is referred to as the “Father of black Psychology” since he to be the an initial African American to obtain a PhD degree in psychology.Sumner was born in Arkansas in 1895. As a teenager without a high institution education, he was able to pass an entrance test to Lincoln University and graduate magna cum laude v honors. He later enrolled at Clark university to go after a bachelor of arts in English in 1916. After ~ graduation he returned to Lincoln together a graduate student and also was mentored by Stanley Hall. Back he to be approved together a doctor candidate, he might not start his doctoral dissertation because he to be drafted into the military during civilization War I.

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Upon return from the war, the reenrolled in the doctoral routine at Clark and in 1920 his dissertation titled "Psychoanalysis that Freud and also Adler" was accepted. Sumner became a professor at miscellaneous universities and also managed to publish several write-ups despite the refusal of study agencies to administer funding because that him due to the fact that of his color.

He was interested in expertise racial bias and supporting education justice. Sumner is additionally credited as one of the co-founder of the psychology room at Howard University, which that chaired from 1928 till his fatality in 1954.

ReferenceThomas, R. (2006). "Sumner, Francis Cecil." african American national Biography, edited by Henry Louis entrances Jr, edited by Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham. Oxford african American researches Center.


Inez Beverly Prosser, PhD

Inez Beverly Prosser, PhD, was the very first African American woman to receive her doctoral degree in psychology. Prosser was born in Texas in 1895. After graduating indigenous high school, she perfect a teaching certification and also taught in the Texas segregated institution systems. She received her bachelor of art in education in 1924 and her master’s in education psychology indigenous the college of Colorado. Prosser welcomed faculty and administrative positions prior to deciding to seek her doctorate.

In 1933, she graduated from the college of Cincinnati v her doctor in education psychology. Her dissertation, "The Non-Academic advance of Negro youngsters in Mixed and Segregated Schools," received much acknowledgment. She findings revealed that black color students benefited an ext in segregated schools due to the fact that they were much more likely to get affection, support and also a balanced curriculum matches an combined school whereby they were likely to have problems adjusting academically, socially and also in accepting your identity.

Tragically, Dr. Prosser passed away in a automobile accident one year after she received her PhD. However, throughout her job she encouraged plenty of black students come pursue greater education and her job-related was prominent in the Brown v. Board of Education supreme Court decision that later on took ar in 1954.

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ReferenceMiller, J. (2006). "Prosser, Inez Beverly." afri American nationwide Biography, edited by Henry Louis gateways Jr, edited by Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham. Oxford african American researches Center.