Quick Facts

Common Name: Red Fox scientific Name: Vulpes vulpesDiet: OmnivorePopulation: ~7.2+ millionAverage Life Span: 2-4 yearsLength: Head & human body 18-33.75 inches; tail: 12-21.75 inchesHeight: ~1-1.3+ feetWeight: 4.9-31+ pounds

Red Fox – Vulpes vulpes


Currently, the red fox is in a stable and also prosperous state. The IUCN Red list of Threatened varieties which keeps track of endangered varieties currently lists the red fox as “least concern” a great status because that this significant species.

The 2012 census the the red fox figured out that there room now more than 7.2 million red two foxes roaming this planet and growing throughout the bulk of all continental mainland.

lifwynnfoundation.org predicts the the estimated population now in 2020 is over 9 million red foxes and counting. If the potential of a population decline is possible, young fox pups are usually the key target because that wolves, coyotes, and also other predators, read much more about predators to the red fox below.

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Red Fox – Vulpes vulpes


The largest varieties of fox is known as the Red Fox or in scientific terms the “vulpes vulpes”. When you think of a fox, the red fox is most likely the one to popular music up in her imagination. This is because of their gorgeous red fancy fur, and the diversity of this small creature. Together you can imagine the surname “Red Fox” is obtained from their bright fancy fur.

The red fox is also commonly linked with shades that orange, brown, and like colors that can vary indigenous fox to fox. Their soft coat is regularly shiny offering it a nice glimmer as they move around. In fact, your coats were when a prime reason why this beautiful creatures were heavily hunted.

While the load of a red fox will differ on a case to situation basis the average male is around 14 pounds v the females just a pair of pounds lighter. Personally from your weight the red fox has an extremely long and bushy tail, covering around 30% that its body.

This being one more perfect indicator to tell bordering viewers that what they are seeing speeding by, is in fact, a red fox. Complete grown, the males are around 1.3 feet tall adhered to by the females stand at about 1 foot.


Taking a look at the anatomy that the Red Fox it becomes easily clear why these animals are maybe to attain the speed, sleekness, and much more based purely off the build and also characteristics of your bodies.

The Red Fox has actually pads on the bottom the its paws allowing it to move with lull in any form of terrain, consisting of grass, rocks, snow and also more. They have sharp claws top top the tips of your toes that continue to be out at all times and do not retract. These claws aid them catch prey, fight off predators, destruction dens, and also get food to bring earlier to your homes. Their bodies are long, slender, and build because that speed, allowing them come move really quickly, in all conditions.

On top of that, every Red Foxes have long, spicy ears, that permit them come have an outstanding hearing ability. This hearing ability allows them come hear the activities of rodents and also other prey from under the ground, offering them an advantage while hunting, sneaking around, and hiding indigenous potential harm.

Just as soon as you think the Red Fox can’t maybe have more to their advantage they space topped off with some impressive vision. Red Foxes need to some degree, a volume for shade vision and also the capacity to watch in just about all light conditions, this offers them an advantage to hunt and scavenge the night. Their field of check out is fairly wide however do have a minimal binocular vision and also focussing power. Lock are an effective animals that also have one elegant check out to them.

A fox in the wast snow fields of west Siberia.


For the most component the Red Fox resides a life that really isn’t the exciting. During the work they walk to a den where they deserve to rest and be protected from both predators and natural elements. At night the Red Fox goes come work, scavenging and hunting because that prey. Rest during the job is vital as your nightly adventures last because that hours. During this duration they to walk a long way each night in search of food sources to replenish your bodies with.

Red Foxes do enjoy gift alone and in the lull of their own solitude, however it is typical for areas to overlap, and also fox households to wind up together in the same general area. Typically they will just go around their own businesses and also not stroked nerves each other.

This as you could guess, will adjust with food supply. Once food is difficult to come through the level that aggression rises. Once food is much more abundant, the level the aggression shrinks. This is common with foxes, but very much so v all other varieties of mammals, it every boils down to one thing. Survival of the fittest. A Red Fox will execute anything in its strength to survive, for this reason if you end up taking its food, let’s just say you could regret it.

Another notable variable is that during mating season the males space also much more protective of their territory. This to represent dominance and assurance to find the appropriate mate. Continue reading to uncover out more about Red Fox Reproduction below.

Diet / Feeding

When it comes to what the Red Fox will certainly or will certainly not consume the price is quite simple. The Red Fox will certainly consume just around any source of food that it have the right to find! This is just one of the key reasons the this species of fox has actually been so successful with every the diverse habitats it belongs to. Friend can uncover these guys in warm climates, cold climates, city cities, brushy forests, and also more. Why? well simply because of the fact that they will eat every little thing they find! If in a forest, lock find tiny animals such together squirrels, rabbits, and rodents. If in urban cities, fine that’s where your rubbish comes in.

The Red Fox is likewise known to consume worms, bugs, and also spiders, making use of their paws to destruction for food resources that are covered underground. Castle can likewise move rocks, branches, and other natural facets to obtain to castle if require be. During details times that the year there deserve to be fruits or berries farming where they live, in those situations our furry tiny friends revolve to those sources of food to survive. If humans live in a near proximity lock will likewise consume chickens or cattle without a second thought. Red Foxes spend upward that 5 hours per night finding and fighting for their food.


Reproduction because that the Red Fox beginning in December, indigenous December till February the Red Fox is in mating mode. If the male Red Fox can attempt reproduction throughout other periods of time, this is the prime session and also the only time females will certainly physically have the ability to reproduce. This procedure begins through the females. The female Red Fox attracts the male making use of its body’s very strong scent. When again this odor is much more pronounced during the duration of these couple of months. Accruing as result of the extra hormones being developed in the body. This procedure is referred to as “estrus” and the females will certainly have around a 3 day home window for adjustment to occur.

After mating, the young will be born around 60 days later. As all mother do, the female will prepare for the bear by gaining a home, or in this instance a den ready. Female Red two foxes will mean at least 4 pups however they can frequently receive as countless as six. For this reason needing come prepare enough room for them to every stay. A young Red Fox pup is meant to remain inside of the den because that at the very least a month after its birth, the is the size of time a mommy will nurture and also care for them.

Now wherein is the masculine in all of this? great question: the is the responsibility of the male to lug her earlier food, and also protect his mate and the cubs. The masculine Red Fox will proceed to scavenge and also hunt transparent the night, pass his kills home. Eventually, after ~ a while of this program the female Red Fox will have to leave she young to go acquire her very own food as result of the absence of nutrients, otherwise she body won’t have the ability to produce milk for the pups come drink. While the is important the reality is that leaving she pups unattended is quite dangerous. Leaving them alone because that even quick periods that time can result in predators finding out the dens location and also killing the young pups before she can return.

Habitat / Distribution

One of the factors why many world are more familiar through the Red Fox than any kind of other fox varieties is as result of the truth that they have an amazing circulation throughout the world. In fact, the Red Fox deserve to survive in just about any kind of environment. Finding lock in cooler areas as well as the desert is not as uncommon as you might think!

Some will certainly live in the hills while others work out in the plains. Just about anywhere you think the in the northern Hemisphere there is a high opportunity the Red Fox resides there. The in itself is just the reality of nature and also how this types works.

While they room definitely likewise found in the southern Hemisphere it isn’t to the very same degree. It wasn’t till the later part of the 1800’s when they were also introduced to areas of Australia and also other continent of similar climates. They continue to be a thriving species there today.


When it comes to predators the the Red Fox, the will significantly vary on whereby they space located. Huge cats are number one on our list and the main herbal predators the this type of fox. This includes yet is not limited to the lynx, panther, bobcat, and also wolf. However luckily enough, while the wolf is another predator the brings potential problems, their populations are tiny in circle and not a vast problem anymore.

In all reality human beings are the greatest predator that the Red Fox has to complete with. They offered to be widely hunted for their hair coats, and beautiful colors and sadly so also are today. If in this day and also age over there isn’t really much money in the business, the hunt because that them proceeds for bragging rights and how an excellent they look after the taxidermy process.

Ever-so, In many locations of the people the Red Fox is hunted not just for game but likewise for defense of property and also livestock. As discussed before, the Red Fox will certainly eat a farmers chicken in a blink of one eye and also these farmers do not take that lightly. Not only are owners of these pets tired of losing their breed boy but also tired of shedding their money, resulting, together you could expect, in the Red Fox gift hunted and killed. However, as time has actually proven over and also over it deserve to be an countless battle similar to one fox gone, another one comes to move in its territory.

Human Interaction

The most person interaction the Red Fox will receive, boils under to two categories, interaction in captivity, and also interaction in conflict. If a Red Fox decides to eat a farmers chicken that will settle in conflict and also well, the communication will in no method be pleasant.

Likewise, if the fox is put right into captivity and also kept in a zoo human being interaction can be intended on a day come day basis. Unlike some other animals the Red Fox does really well in captivity and also can live up to 15 years. In the wild some have actually been able come live for over a decade. However, on average, the lifespan of a Red Fox is really short – native 2 until 5 years old. This being mainly as result of young pups leaving the security and also protection of their parents to find their own locations in nature. The smaller sized the pup, the higher the mortality price sadly is. When a Red Fox grows into an adult it is less likely to come to be a victim that a herbal predator as result of the nature that the species.

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History the the Red Fox

Looking in ~ the background of the Red Fox us can really quickly see that these guys have actually been around for rather some time. Clear findings of at an early stage canine remains indicate that the Red Fox has actually been about for a minimum of millions upon millions of years. This isn’t surprising to specialists that research them today and also claim that it is mainly as result of the adaptations this pet has gone with the years. While us are certain the Red Fox has actually been through us for a very long time, what is quiet unknown, is exactly how this creature controlled to spread and settle in so countless places around the world!

Perhaps they were flourishing with together abundance the they had actually to spread out because that survival? With population increases come the need for food, and also with a shortage of food comes the development in expansion. This is the number one factor scientists believe that this phenomenon occurred and still to today is emerging with ours beloved Red Fox.