Element Palladium - Pd

Comprehensive data on the chemical element Palladium is detailed on this page; consisting of scores that properties, element names in countless languages, most recognized nuclides that Palladium. Usual chemical compounds space also detailed for plenty of elements. In enhancement technical state are connected to their definitions and also the menu contains links come related posts that room a an excellent aid in one"s studies.

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Palladium Menu

Palladium web page OneOverview that PalladiumPalladium"s surname in various other LanguagesAtomic structure of PalladiumChemical properties of PalladiumPhysical properties of PalladiumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowPalladium page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent Nuclides

Overview of Palladium

Atomic Number: 46Group: 10Period: 5Series: transition Metals

Palladium"s surname in various other Languages

Latin: PalladiumCzech: PalladiumCroatian: PaladijFrench: PalladiumGerman: Palladium - sItalian: PalladioNorwegian: PalladiumPortuguese: PaládioRussian: ПалладийSpanish: PaladioSwedish: PalladiumAtomic framework of PalladiumAtomic Radius: 1.79ÅAtomic Volume: 8.9cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.28ÅCross Section (Thermal ghost Capture) σa/barns: 6.9Crystal Structure: Cubic confront centered
Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d10Electrons per energy Level: 2,8,18,18Shell Model
Ionic Radius:
0.86ÅFilling Orbital: 4d10Number of electron (with no charge): 46Number of neutron (most common/stable nuclide): 60Number that Protons: 46Oxidation States: 2,4Valence Electrons: 4d10

Chemical nature of Palladium

Electrochemical Equivalent: 1.985g/amp-hrElectron work Function: 5.12eVElectronegativity: 2.2 (Pauling); 1.35 (Allrod Rochow)Heat that Fusion: 17.6kJ/molIncompatibilities:Ionization PotentialFirst: 8.34Second: 19.63Third: 32.93Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 33

Physical nature of Palladium

Atomic massive Average: 106.42Boiling Point: 3237K 2964°C 5367°FCoefficient the lineal heat expansion/K-1: 11.2E-6ConductivityElectrical: 0.095 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.718 W/cmKDensity: 12.02g/cc
300KDescription:Soft silver-white steel that does not tarnish in air. That is struck by concentrated, warm nitric acid and boiling sulfuric acid.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 187/GPaRigidity: 43.6/GPaYoungs: 121/GPaEnthalpy the Atomization: 393.3 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy the Fusion: 16.74 kJ/moleEnthalpy of Vaporization: 376.6 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Non-combustible solid (except as dust)Freezing Point: see melting pointHardness ScaleBrinell: 37.3 MN m-2Mohs: 4.75Vickers: 461 MN m-2Heat the Vaporization: 357kJ/molMelting Point: 1825K 1552°C 2826°FMolar Volume: 8.85 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 72%Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): SolidSpecific Heat: 0.24J/gKVapor Pressure = 1.33Pa

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7440-05-3OSHA permissible Exposure limit (PEL)No limits collection by OSHAOSHA PEL Vacated 1989No limits set by OSHANIOSH encourage Exposure border (REL)No limits collection by NIOSH Levels In Humans:Note: this data represents naturally occuring level of elements in the typical human, the DOES NOT stand for recommended daily allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: n/aBone/p.p.m: n/aLiver/p.p.m: n/aMuscle/p.p.m: n/aDaily dietary Intake: n/aTotal massive In Avg. 70kg human: n/aDiscovery Year: 1803Name Origin: Greek: Pallas goddess the wisdom and also after the asteroid.Abundance of Palladium:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 0.0006Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: N/AAtlantic Deep: N/APacific Surface: 1.9E-08Pacific Deep: 6.8E-08Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative come H=1E12): 32Sources of Palladium:Obtained with platinum, nickel, copper and mercury ores. Developed primarily as a by-product the copper and zinc refining. Annual world vast production is about 24 tons.Uses the Palladium:Used in alloys because that telecommunication tools switching systems and also electrical relays, catalyst because that reforming cracked petroleum fractions, metallizing ceramics, mixed with yellow to make "white gold" for jewelry, aircraft sparkplugs, etc.Additional Notes:

Palladium Menu

Palladium page OneOverview of PalladiumPalladium"s name in other LanguagesAtomic framework of PalladiumChemical nature of PalladiumPhysical properties of PalladiumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowPalladium page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental Nuclides


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