David was countless things in life. A shepherd, huge killer, people hero, singer, songwriter, warrior, fugitive, exile, and also eventually a king. The scriptures even refers to him together a "man ~ God"s very own heart" (1 Samuel 13:14; action 13:22).

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However, if we may see David as a legend and also hero that the faith, us must also remember the he was simply as much a son, a brother, a husband, and also a father together he was a king or a warrior. David loved the Lord and also loved his children, yet he too made mistakes, fail in many locations as a parent, and also cried out to God because that wisdom and also forgiveness throughout his life.

But that were David"s kids exactly, that did they grow up come be, and also how to be their stays shaped by their complicated and occasionally troubled partnership with their famed father?

Who space King David"s youngsters in the Bible?

The scriptures records at least twenty named children born come David and also his countless wives, despite it is feasible he had actually even much more than those listed. We know that David"s first children to be born in Hebron, where David was made king complying with the fatality of Saul (2 Samuel 2:1-4, 1 Chronicles 3:4).

His an initial six sons, recorded in 2 Samuel 3:1-5 and also 1 Chronicles 3:1-4, are:

1. Amnon, whose mom was Ahinoam that Jezreel, among David"s first wives (1 Samuel 25:43).2. Chileab (or Daniel), whose mom was Abigail, the widow that Nabal, that David married after the death her husband (1 Samuel 25).3. Absalom, whose mother was Maacah (or Maakah), the daughter that Talmar, King that Geshur, and wife that David.4. Adonijah, whose mommy was Haggith, David"s fifth wife.5. Shephatiah, whose mom was Abital, one more of David"s wives.6. Ithream, whose mom was Eglah, yet an additional wife of David.

Prior come fleeing from King Saul, David had likewise married Michal, the daughter the Saul (1 Samuel 18:27-28). Michal, however, did not bear David any children (2 Samuel 6:23). After ~ David had actually moved his kingdom come Jerusalem, where he ruled because that thirty-three years, he had four more children with Bathsheba. Bathsheba, married David after the famously murdered she husband Uriah (2 Samuel 11). The was no David"s ideal or brightest moment. In fact, the was more than likely one of his worst; and this sin had devastating aftermath that rippled transparent David"s family. The holy bible tells united state that Bathsheba offered birth to a child complying with her adulterous affair through David. The child passed away shortly after ~ birth as a an effect of David"s sin, which the prophet Nathan warned that (2 Samuel 12:14-23).

Bathsheba, however, would go on to have actually three added sons with David. They are:


David"s remaining kids that we know of were born in Jerusalem to unnamed wives. Castle are:


-Japhia-Elishama-Eliada-Eliphelet-Tamar, the just daughter named among David"s children.

It is likely David had even more sons and daughters that the holy bible does not record because we recognize he had several an ext unnamed wives and also perhaps even much more concubines through which the fathered children (1 Chronicles 3:9). Your names room not recorded.

What does the scriptures Tell Us around King David"s children after They flourished Up?

What occurred in the lives of David"s kids is mostly unknown; however, several of his sons, and one daughter, in particular, thrived up to play a significant role in David"s later years and the future of Israel.

Amnon – David"s earliest son flourished up to it is in a selfish, licentious young guy who was consumed through lust because that his virgin half-sister Tamar. The scriptures tells us that Amnon lured his sister to his chambers one night under false pretenses and also proceeded come rape her. Tease by his brother"s actions, Absalom, the kid of Maacah and also full brothers of Tamar, murdered his half-brother Amnon in revenge (2 Samuel 13).

Absalom – Absalom, David"s 3rd son, or at least the 3rd in line, to be handsome, cunning, ambitious, and hot-tempered. He had actually planned the killing of his half-brother Amnon because that years, permitting his hatred of Amnon to "boil" over previous the point of no return. Following Amnon"s murder, Absalom fled Jerusalem and did no return for one more three years. In his arrogance and lust because that power, Absalom at some point turned the hearts of the people versus his father and also later flourished in acquisition the throne the Israel, plunging the country into a civil battle (2 Samuel 15). To consummate his insurrection, Absalom slept through his father"s concubines in windy for everyone to see (2 Samuel 16:20-23). Absalom to be later killed by David"s command Joab, versus David"s wishes (2 Samuel 18)

Tamar – after ~ Amnon raped his half-sister Tamar, the bible tells us that he "hated her through a very good hatred; for the hatred with which the hated she was better than the love through which he had actually loved her... Now throw this woman the end of my presence, and also lock the door behind her" (2 Samuel 13:15,17). Amon treated Tamar together a used and unwanted outcast, a reputation she likely carried for the rest of her life.

Adonijah – together David neared the end of his life, Adonijah, David"s fourth son by his mam Haggith, exalted himself together king. Regrettably for Adonijah, God had already chosen Solomon, Bathsheba"s son, together David"s successor. Though numerous of David"s many loyal followers, consisting of Joab and Abiathar, threw their support behind Adonijah, David turned come Nathan (the prophet), Benaiah (the mighty man), and also Zadok (the priest) to create Solomon together the rightful king that Israel. Adonijah was later on executed through his brother Solomon for his insurrection and failed attempts come steal the throne (1 monarchs 1-2).

Solomon – together David"s life ~ above earth pertained to an end, God made decision Solomon, Bathsheba"s 4th son, to success David as king the Israel. Not just would God give Solomon donate in the kind of wisdom, riches, and long life (1 majesties 3), God would honor His promise to David by allowing Solomon to finish the building and construction of the holy place in Jerusalem (1 kings 6). Solomon was recognized for his numerous foreign wives, that were able to revolve his heart away from God to international gods (1 emperors 11). Solomon would certainly repent and also return his heart totally to God, going on to write numerous of the Proverbs, the track of Solomon, and also the book of Ecclesiastes.

Nathan – small is known about Nathan, David"s 3rd son through Bathsheba; however, that is worth stating for his consists in Luke"s account the the genealogy of Jesus as one of Jesus" ancestors via the line of David (Luke 3:31).

What Lessons have the right to Parents discover from King David in His Trials through His Children?

Parenting is never easy, and it really doesn"t get less complicated or cheaper by the dozen, together the saying goes. However, the love, discipline, instruction, and example collection by godly parents deserve to make all the distinction in the resides of ours children, and there"s a lot we deserve to learn native David"s own parental trials and also failures.

1. Kids Learn from ours Example

Nothing encourages and inspires a boy to monitor God choose a parent that walks through the Lord. Similarly, sin and bad personality can collection the example for our children to find out from and imitate.

Is it any kind of wonder the Amnon, Absalom, and even Solomon would also be captured in sexual sin later on in life? How numerous of David"s sons became lustful, greedy, and also ambitious choose their father? How countless of lock learned these bad habits from your father?

Like plenty of things in life, we are all influenced by the choices and behavior of our parents. Negative decisions have lasting consequences. Financial missteps can influence families because that generations. Family conflicts can cause rifts the take year to mend. Unfortunately, negative habits deserve to be learned and passed on to our youngsters if not challenged or repair early.

2. Discipline and also Instruction Matter

We don"t understand if David faced Amnon"s sin adhering to Tamar"s rape, yet there"s no much proof in the holy bible to check that the did lot of anything. By failing to provide justice because that his daughter, David not only failed Tamar, but he also failed Amnon, whose sin had gone unpunished. This opened up an also bigger door for Absalom to take it matters right into his very own hands.

Years later, Absalom became convinced he could do a better job together king than his look at passive father. Just how much that Absalom"s arrogance and ambition was born that David"s passivity and also neglect in dealing with Amnon? had David intervened and also been an ext active in guiding and also correcting his children"s sin and also bad behavior early, he might have conserved the lives of Amnon, Absalom, and even Adonijah, whose ambition and lust for power had gone unchecked for most of his life.

The lesson here is that David frequently took a an ext passive method to self-control his children, allowing their basic emotions, sin, and also selfish ambitions to walk unchallenged and grow into reckless, also deadly behavior. Unfortunately, neglect and also sins that omission in parenting have lasting consequences in the lives of our children, that we are referred to as to instruct, discipline, and also lovingly reprove (Ephesians 6:4).

It"s our task as parental to construct a biblical foundation for our children, to teach them to understand God and also stand firm in the fact of God"s word early. Evaluate from Solomon"s later wisdom, i m sorry we check out in the Proverbs, it seems David had actually succeeded in instructing and building a heavy spiritual structure for his child to stand upon (1 majesties 2).

As parents, sometimes we have to rebuild and also repair this foundation when cracks begin to form. The earlier we deserve to identify and attend to problematic habits and also behavior in our children, the better. Unfortunately, this is wherein David failed many of his various other children. Early intervention, discipline, and also instruction could mean the difference between life and also death later on. Permit the demise of Absalom, Amnon, and Adonijah it is in our warning.

3. Youngsters Must do Their very own Choices

No issue how energetic we room in our children"s lives, our youngsters grow up and also must one day choose for themselves even if it is they will certainly serve the lord or walk their very own way. Some of David"s youngsters did; numerous did not. This trend ongoing through the succession of Israel"s kings.

Solomon wrote in the Proverbs come "start a youth out on his way; even when he grows old he will certainly not depart native it," and also for God-seeking parents, this is always the goal (Proverbs 22:6). However, no matter how faithful or righteous David may have actually been, David"s children and also descendants to be responsible for their actions and also accountable come God for their choices, not David"s (Deuteronomy 24:16)

As the prophet Ezekiel wrote, "the heart who sins shall die. The son shall not experience for the iniquity the the father, nor the father experience for the iniquity that the son. The justice of the righteous shall be upon himself, and the wickedness that the angry shall it is in upon himself" (Ezekiel 18:20).

4. God Redeems broken Families

Our kids may inevitably adopt some that the bad habits and practices they learn from us. However, God"s mercies are proven to be far more powerful than any sin or parental mistake(Deuteronomy 5:9-10).

David was not a perfect father, but he was still a male after God"s very own heart that loved God and loved his children. Much more importantly, God"s mercy and promise to David remained true. The true king that Israel, the messiah and the one who would sit top top the eternal throne, would certainly be an heritage of King David (2 Samuel 7:12; Psalms 89:3-4; Psalms 132:11).

Though David to be both a an excellent and bad father at times, the was never meant to it is in the perfect example to follow. That instance would come through his descendent, Jesus Christ, in who David"s broken, imperfect family would be redeemed, and all people could be forgiven, restored, and also redeemed.

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Joel Ryan is an LA-based children author, artist, professor, and speaker that is passionate about helping young authors unleash their creativity and also discover the marvels of your Creator v storytelling and art. In his blog,Perspectives off the Page, he discusses all things story and also the an imaginative process.