Antique stoneware crocks are an intriguing part of Americana. Estate revenue shoppers love to uncover these sturdy containers the were a mainstay of kitchens native the 1700s v the beforehand 20th century. Learn exactly how to determine an antique crock’s value, how to phone call an initial stoneware crock from a reproduction, and where to uncover antique crocks for your home.

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History of antique Crocks

Earthenware pots, crocks, and jars have actually a long and colorful history. Stoneware crocks appear to have actually originally come native France.Through the American Revolutionary War, England and also Germany to be the key importers of stoneware crocks. Eventually, cost and also market vain spurred American potters come fire up their kilns.

During the early 19th century, new Jersey, brand-new York, and also Pennsylvania created most stoneware ceramic in the unified States. Several new England states, in addition to Ohio, jumped top top the stoneware bandwagon circa the so late 19th century.By the at an early stage 20th century, countless American families owned stoneware crocks.

Stoneware Crock Construction and Appearance

Stoneware describes a clay that has a waterproof rating of under 2 percent. Since the an interpretation is so vague, stoneware deserve to be sourced from plenty of clays and can appear in diverse colors and also textures. Neck stoneware crocks generally function a gray or brown salt glaze with cobalt blue decorations.

Antique crocks have a distinctive appearance. Every stoneware crock display screens a shiny-looking surface that results from the salt glazing process.

Under the glassy finish, the crock features hand-drawn or stenciled letters and numbers. Hand-painted embellishments encompass flowers, animals, and certain motifs or patterns.

Cobalt Blue Designs

An artisan was responsible for hand-making every antique crock. Adhering to the crock’s formation, the artisan applied blue decorative impacts to the stoneware vessel. Artisans regularly painted floral designs on at an early stage crocks. Birds, butterflies, dragonflies, animals, and also trees were additionally popular motifs. A hand-painted cobalt blue architecture is a common decorative element. Really old crocks function etched designs fill in v a blue-toned substance.

Although simple lines and also patterns are typical in early-era pieces, at an early stage 1900s crocks have just a touch of art deco styling. This effects could give the crock an ext decorative value.

Salt-Glazing and also Firing

Next, the artisan developed the salt glaze. Throughout the high-temperature shooting sequence, the tossed salt right into the kiln to create the glazing effect on the crock.

The salt’s salt reacted v the clay’s silica to produce a glassy coating. Return the glaze is generally colorless, colour the salt created a glaze through a colorful effect. Blue, brown, and also purple to be common shade options.

Uses of antique Crocks

Antique stoneware crocks have enjoyed plenty of varied uses. In fact, this utilitarian crockery has actually taken up residence in countless American kitchens over the generations.

Historical Uses

Antique stoneware crocks often stored foods and beverages. Examples included salted meats, butter, jelly, grain, and pickled vegetables. Crocks likewise contained the family soda and also beer inventory.

Even without a finish glaze, this durable and affordable vessels were watertight. A securely equipment lid would save children, family pets, insects, and/or rodents from accessing the crock’s content.

Stoneware crocks were likewise pressed into company for the lacto-fermentation of foods. Crock owner would ar vegetables like cabbage or cucumbers into the crock. After a defined duration of time, the crock would certainly yield a bounty the pickled vegetables, such together sauerkraut or pickles.

The function of Redware

Clay-based redware enjoyed broad use in the American colonies. This practical earthenware pottery includes clay through higher-than-usual steel content. Once fired, the clay assumes a reddish-brown color.

American potters can easily access the clay, and redware commodities were well-known to it is in affordable. However, redware was fairly brittle and also easily damaged. Because that those reasons, it’s rarely to discover an undamaged piece the redware today.

Modern Uses

Antique crocks have multiple supplies in modern-era homes. They’re appropriate for gathering kitchen utensils or maintaining kids’ or pets’ playthings together. Finally, antique stoneware crocks make stylish, practical planters.

Antique Crock Manufacturers

During the so late 19th and early 20th centuries, several well-known manufacturers produced many of the salt glaze stoneware crocks in the joined States. Each agency had its very own characteristic style and also markings.

Monmouth ceramic Company

The Monmouth pottery Company, situated in Monmouth, Illinois, made stoneware from 1894 to 1906. Monmouth Pottery embraced three glaze finishes, including Albany on slide glazes and salt glazes, adhered to by a Bristol glaze. Monmouth pottery has actually a renowned maple leaf logo adorning many of its stoneware crocks.

Red soup Stoneware

The venerable Red soup Stoneware, or Red wing Pottery, entered the crock manufacturing company in the so late 1870s. The company didn’t add its standard red wing architecture until about 1906. The Red Wing punishment Sting crocks were particularly popular.

Robinson Ransbottom Blue Crown

In 1901, this famous crock an equipment opened its doors together Ransbottom brothers Pottery. In 1920, the agency merged through Robinson Clay Products. The an unified business was recognized as Robinson Ransbottom Pottery.

Robinson Ransbottom Pottery’s cobalt blue crown mark attracted much attention. Look at for differed words or numbers within the standard blue crown.

Western Stoneware Company

In 1906, seven stoneware and also pottery companies combined to end up being the west Stoneware Co. Tree One through Seven. The Monmouth Pottery firm was among the 7 firms, and the merged firm kept the Monmouth-style maple leaf logo.

Numerous early on Western Stoneware crocks and jugs carried the maple sheet logo in addition to the marking: western Stoneware Co. Tree 1 (or the correct number of the production plant).


Determining a Crock’s Age

To decide an neck crock’s age, take it several components into account. The first thing to recognize is the different eras the housed different crocks. Understanding exactly how crocks looked throughout different centuries will offer you some insight into a crock’s age. Next, you should look at the specifically, of the antique crock. That is shape, glaze, and also maker’s mark will help you repaint a complete snapshot of the crock’s age and also origin.

Era-Specific Construction and Design

First, understand that in the early 1700s, American potters started making and also firing their own stoneware crockery. American crocks to be made native the 18th century come the 20th century. If you have actually an idea that the varieties of designs the were popular throughout each era, that can assist you in your age identification.

18th Century American Stoneware

Early American stoneware commonly feature simple, hand-painted designs. Inside these designs space often international alphabet characters. In addition, the internal of numerous 18th-century crocks display screen salt glazing effects.

During the latter 1700s, numerous skilled English potters involved America. This advancement spurred American potters come produce far better quality work. In fact, American potters often copied the English artisans’ work, on purpose omitting the American stamped surname or manufacturing facility marks to indicate the pottery was English-made.

19th Century American Stoneware

Throughout the 1800s, American stoneware continued to present design and also quality improvements. The most prized ceramics were salt-glazed utilitarian stoneware pieces sourced from kaolin clay in Bennington, Vermont. This kind of pottery was most prominent around the middle of the 19th century.

During the exact same time period, much of the unified States populace expanded westward. Brand-new stoneware potteries sprang increase to meet local markets’ needs.

Early 20th Century American Stoneware

By the early on 1900s, most significant American cities boasted stoneware production facilities. This period’s stoneware often features hand-painted supernatural creatures. Every piece typically contains the company name and also country the origin.

Shapes, Techniques, and Markings

Determining an antique crock’s age involves attention to several various factors. Crock construction, salt glazes, and also maker’s marks all play important roles.

Cylindrical Shapes

Regardless of a crock’s kind or size, every one has a ring cylindrical shape. Roughly 1860, this configuration became the general standard for antique crock appearance. If you discover a crock that’s not in this common shape, it was likely produced before 1860.

Crock size Number

Most crocks save one single number that usually claims the vessel’s size. Because that example, a number “2” can mean 2 quarts or 2 gallons. The number may be painted, impressed, or stamped ~ above the crock. The style, font, and also even placement of the number deserve to be helpful in identifying the crock maker.

Salt Glazes

In 1720, salt-glazed stoneware come onto the sector in Yorktown, Virginia and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. However, American potters didn’t widely embrace salt glazing methods until after ~ 1775. Native 1780 to 1890, this top finish conquered the housewares industry throughout the unified States.

Maker’s Marks

A legible maker’s mark, or stamp, will provide useful clues for identify a crock’s age and value. Generally discovered on the crock’s bottom, a maker’s mark have the right to simply it is in the manufacturer’s name. Or, the mark may show up as a letter, symbol, or logo. Part manufacturers impression their name on the crock’s side v a side wall surface stamp. If a grasp artist make the crock, he would usually authorize the bottom of the vessel. All of these antique crock markings aid identify the piece.

If the note is worn or otherwise hard to read, do a rubbing of the mark. To do that, ar a item of document over the mark. Rub chalk, charcoal, or a crayon over the paper’s surface.

If the pottery crock’s bottom includes a maker’s mark and also pattern name, it was made after 1810. If the bottom screens the word “limited” or “Ltd.,” the crock was manufactured after 1861. If the note states “Made in (country), it’s probably from the 1900s.

Factors That determine an antique Crock’s Value

To calculation the worth of neck stoneware crocks, think about several factors, including the maker’s mark, condition, and design. Some criteria may be weighted an ext heavily 보다 others.


Some crock equipments may it is in regarded more highly than others. This is especially true if the crock machine produced a particularly desirable line of crocks. Study the manufacturer to recognize if this element affects your antique crock’s value.

Clay Color

A stoneware crock’s clay color can aid determine the crock’s maker, and it is also instrumental in recognize the crock’s value. For example, the Robinson Ransbottom Blue Crown company typically make its crocks from yellow clay.

In contrast, the Weller company primarily developed its storage vessels from white clay. This would be a good foundation color because that blue & white pottery or for a item in the white stoneware style.

Crock Size

Collectors gain finding crocks of all sizes and shapes. With that said, particular crock sizes are much more desirable than others. For example, bigger crocks are much rarer 보다 gallon capacity vessels and will bring higher prices than smaller sized vessels.

Crock Design

Antique crocks’ cobalt blue style schemes selection from straightforward to intricate. The beautifully thorough pieces commonly bring greater prices than their an ext basic counterparts.

However, pay special attention come the placement of the crocks’ cobalt blue designs. If any type of decorations were included after the piece underwent firing, those decorations won’t raise the worth of crocks. You have the right to tell if the cobalt blue designs were added before or after the kiln based on their layer. If they show up below the glaze, lock were included before the firing. If they appear above the glaze, they were included after the firing.

Maker’s Marks

Many neck crocks feature specific markings etched right into the vessel’s bottom. The firm name, logo, and varied identifying numbers are usual maker’s marks. Because that example, Red soup Stoneware significant every crock through its very own identification number. Finally, a crock crafted by a understand artist would certainly typically carry the artist’s signature.

Crock Condition

When determining the neck crock’s condition, an initial evaluate the crock’s completeness. Keep in mind if the lid and/or initial handles room present. If so, that enhances the vessel’s value.

Surface crazing or hairline cracks normally do not affect the crock’s value. In fact, the may provide the courage a more authentic feel. However, cracks, chips, and also heavy undertake will absolutely lower the crock’s overall value.

Crock Location

If you discover a in your ar made antique crock for sale, it will generally be an ext valuable than the same pottery crock because that sale in an additional region. It is often because there are more collectors for home-town pottery.

Price overview for neck Crocks

Collectively, antique stoneware crock values variety from $500 to $400,000. However, actual antique crock marketing prices count on whether the crock has actually the iconic cobalt blue design. Based on that change alone, selling prices autumn into two general groups. This information can assist you to compile an neck crocks price guide.

Crocks without Cobalt Blue Designs

Consider a common mid-19th century crock there is no a straightforward cobalt blue design. The crock’s auction marketing price would likely loss in the $500 come $1000 range.

Crocks through Cobalt Blue Designs

In distinct contrast, a crock with very detailed cobalt blue design can command a far higher price. Depending on the manufacturer, the crock have the right to have a worth in the $10,000 to $25,000 range.

Recent offering Prices

Online auction sites provide actual offering prices for antique crocks. These sites market a realistic see of neck crocks prices.As of this post date, eBay neck stoneware selling prices ranged from $5.00 come $2350.00. The higher selling price came to a larger, elaborately-painted stoneware piece, if the reduced price pertained to a tiny stoneware jug without any kind of embellishments.

“Antique” Crocks: initial vs Reproduction

Old crocks’ ongoing popularity has actually led to an entire industry that copycat pottery. With careful attention come detail, it’s feasible to call an original crock from a reproduction.

Characteristics of original Crocks

Original salt-glazed antique crocks are an extremely heavy. An antique crock generally has a thick structure wall, often with a telltale bow in the center.Antique crocks function very an easy freehand-painted decorations, normally executed in cobalt blue ink. Stenciled or hand-drawn letters and numbers additionally appear on many old crocks. Decorations were constantly applied to the crock before the glazing process.

An original stoneware crock has a an extremely shiny, glass-like surface. Random bumps space telltale indications of a salt-glazed neck crock.

Characteristics that Reproductions

Three major factors indicate that a crock is a reproduction quite than an antique. First, a copycat crock doesn’t often have any type of signatures or distinctive marks. Second,the vessel’s identify letters and numbers look at perfectly published or stamped. Most importantly, if the crock’s decorations have actually been painted end the glazing, the items is definitely a copycat crock.

Where to discover Antique Crocks

With so countless antique stoneware crocks top top the market, finding a good-quality piece should be relatively simple. By repetitively visiting neighborhood estate sales, auction houses, and also monitoring digital auction and also specialty sleeve sites, you’ll have actually the finest chance of scoring a pottery crock in great condition.

Online Auctions and also Retailers

By surveillance an digital auction site such as eBay, you have the right to bid ~ above stoneware ceramic items from across the united States. Girlfriend may notification listings for gallon crocks, pickle crocks, butter churns, and also other types of neck crocks.Antique-focused virtual retailers are an excellent places to find old crocks in great condition. Etsy, RubyLane, Z&K Antiques, and also The net Antique Shop each have a respectable list of neck stoneware crocks.

Diverse local Venues

Begin your find by visiting one estate revenue (or two) this weekend. Browse with every nook and also cranny that the house. Legacy sales are an excellent places to discover well-maintained antique crocks. If you’re lucky, you may discover a gallon stoneware crock and also a stoneware jug together.

Surprisingly, you can often discover antique crocks at local flea markets. Dealers regularly clean out homes, or purchase whole lot that items the they carry to the flea market. Visit the same flea industry every week, and also you might be the first person to see a just-arrived antique stoneware crock.

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You’re likewise likely to watch antique crocks at neighborhood auctions and also antique shops. By obtaining on an auction house’s mail list, you’ll learn around upcoming auctions through collectibles such together antique stoneware crocks.