Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Arthropoda
Class Insecta
Order Mantodea
Family Mantidae
Genus Mantis
Species Mantis religiosa
Niche Carnivorous
Length 1.95 in – 2.93 in (50 mm – 70 mm)
Weight 0.14 – 0.18 ounces (4 – 5 grams)
Lifespan 1 year in the wild
Social Structure Solitary
Conservation Status Least Concern
Preferred Habitat Varied; choose sunny areas with many vegetation
Average clutch Size 100 eggs
Main prey Species Other insects such together flies, crickets, beetles, moths, and also bees
Predators Frogs, bats, monkeys, larger birds, spiders, and also snakes


The Basics

The Praying Mantis (Mantis religiosa), or europe Mantis, is a varieties of praying mantid belonging to the household Mantidae. Together its name suggests, that is indigenous to Europe but it is additionally native to components of Asia and also Africa together well. This mantis types is widespread over components of the US and also Canada, although it is not aboriginal here and also was introduced over a century ago. It to be accidentally presented to brand-new York native Europe in 1899 and continues to spread, being discovered as far west together the Vancouver area in Canada. There space 12 recognized subspecies across its range. This insects are named for your stance i m sorry resembles who praying.

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Over 2,400 insects belong to the bespeak Mantodea. Human being often refer to any kind of of this insects as a praying mantis, as soon as really they space praying mantids as they belong come a different genus. While there are 15 types belonging come the genus Mantis, the european Mantis is the one most generally known as the praying mantis.


Like every insects, the praying mantis has actually a segmented body, consist of of 3 segments – the head, thorax, and abdomen. In adults, the abdomen is extended by wings. They have 4 legs in ~ the abdomen area and another two bigger forelegs that appear to be much more like arms. Your head is triangle in shape and also contains your large, compound eyes. A praying mantis deserve to rotate that is head 180 degrees, and pivot it, offering it an excellent range the vision. They also have antennae i m sorry are offered for smell. Favor all mantids, the praying mantis is sexually dimorphic with the females being larger than the males.

These insects are found in a variety of habitats, ranging from valleys to city gardens. They like warm, natural habitats that have long grass and also various various other shrubs and also bushes. This wild areas are an ext likely to be home to wealth of food for the praying mantis to feed on. The adults have the right to survive high temperatures and so the is not unusual to uncover them in semi-arid desert regions.

The europe mantis is a well known predator and feeds top top a wide variety of insects, like many of the mantid species. Some of its bigger relatives are recognized to eat small reptiles, birds, and even some little mammals! these insects usage their camouflage to blend in through their environment, wherein they wait till their prey is in to mark distance and then lock ambush it. It provides its lightening-fast front foot (raptorial legs) to easily snare its victim. It takes the praying mantis only 50 – 70 millisecond to strike out with its forelegs and also grasp that is prey. Their front legs have actually rows that spines that help them to keep organize of their food while castle consume it, commonly head first! The praying mantis has an effective mouthparts – called mandibles – that aid it come devour its prey.


As the praying mantis doesn’t have actually a long lifespan, they only mate once and also this normally takes place in the autumn, or fall, months. After the male and also female have actually mated, the woman will create an ootheca – an egg fixed that has proteins and tanning agents that carry out protection by encasing the eggs. This ootheca will certainly contain in between 100 and also 200 eggs. The eggs build over the winter months and the larvae flower in the spring. The larvae will certainly then undergo numerous molts, with the very first happening quickly after hatch. Unfortunately, very couple of praying mantis nymphs survive the an initial instar stage as result of a absence of food and low temperatures.

The guy predators the the praying mantis incorporate monkeys, bats, frogs, birds, spiders, and snakes. The praying mantis will also eat its own kind, especially during the nymph stage and during mating. Once threatened through a predator, this insect will certainly stand up on its ago legs, with its raptorial legs increased over its head to make it it seems to be ~ bigger than it is. It will likewise beat its wings.

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Nymphs look prefer the adults, just smaller.

Fun Facts about the Praying Mantis!

The praying mantis is a fascinating insect! indigenous to Europe, Africa, and Asia this insect is currently found throughout the US and also is even the state insect that Connecticut! well-known for removed pests on farms as well as its renowned prayer-like stance, this insect has actually some amazing biological adaptations that aid it survive in a selection of habitats. Let’s take a closer look!

Female Mantis Eats her Mate

The sexual actions of the praying mantids is fine known, together it has received a many interest from scientists over the critical century. In the europe mantis, the males initiate contact with the females. Once a sexually mature masculine spots a sexually maturation female, he starts to method her v caution. The females space much bigger than the males and also there is a chance that if she point out him first she will attack and kill him.


The male will strategy the female cautiously indigenous behind, protecting against if she makes any type of sudden movements. When the masculine is close enough to the female, he will certainly jump ~ above her back and organize onto her v his prior legs. As soon as the male is in a certain position, then copulation is initiated.

Following copulation, which can take 4 to 5 hours, the male allows go the the female and quickly drops to the floor so the he is far enough away from the mrs to feeling safe. Sometimes, however, the masculine is attacked and also eaten after, during, or on rarely occasions before, copulation. This is called sexual cannibalism. There room some benefits that the woman can obtain by eating she mate: 1. It gives her v nutrients so that she doesn’t have to hunt short article copulation, and 2. This meal provides her much more resources for much faster production of huge eggs which boosts the chance her offspring will certainly survive.

While this doesn’t seem very beneficial for the male, males space only most likely to mate once in your lifetime and so by additionally providing nutrient for the woman by coming to be her meal, the male boosts the possibilities of his genetic material being passed on.

Sexual cannibalism isn’t distinctive to the praying mantis! Other pets that are known to eat your mates encompass the black color widow spider, the jumping spider, and several species of scorpion.

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The praying mantis deserve to be rather aggressive, especially during mating season.

The Praying Mantis has Only One Ear

Like all insects belonging to the order Mantidoa, the Praying Mantis has only one ear! What’s even an ext interesting is that this single ear is situated on the underside that its belly, just forward of its hind legs. The location of that is ear method that lock praying mantis is can not to identify which direction a sound is coming from.

However, the praying mantis ear have the right to detect ultrasound, i m sorry is developed by echolocating bats. This help them to evade any kind of bats that space on the hunt. The praying mantis has also been recognized to stop and drop come the floor mid-flight if it hears a bat coming.

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The praying mantis frequently eats its food headfirst.

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Connecticut’s State Insect!

Although the european Mantis is not native to Connecticut, it ended up being the State Insect top top October 1, 1977. This insect is found throughout the state from early on May or June until the cold weather arrives and also they begin to dice rapidly.

This small green or brown mantis types is very beneficial come farmers together it eats several other insects that have the right to be terrible to crops, including aphids and tiny caterpillars.Aside from gift a State Insect, the praying mantis also makes a well-known pet!