December 21, 2020/in Featured, LVN, LVN to RN, Nursing, Vocational Nurse, Vocational nursing Programs, Vocational education Training /by Karen Herrera

What is venipuncture? Learn around the procedures, steps, risks, and requirements because that performing venipuncture.

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Drawing a blood sample or starting an IV isn’t typically the to mark of a medical worker’s day. It’scertainlynot one because that the patience either, especially if lot of needlesticks or other complications space involved. However, phlebotomy and venipuncture are critically important to patient care. Mastering these an abilities will cause a much better experience for all medical care practitioners as well as their patients.

This write-up focuses ~ above the art and also science the venipuncture, one of the most essential healthcare actions for nurses and other medical staff.

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Venipuncture is critical practice because that various clinical diagnoses, procedures, and also tests. This necessary skill can be amazing for brand-new healthcare professionals. That especially vital that nurses find out the proper an approach for illustration blood and also the various venipuncture methods in a healthcare environment.

Venipuncture Definition

What is Venipuncture?

If you’re new to the medical field, you might be wondering, what does venipuncture consist of of? In medicine, venipuncture is the process of drawing blood from a vein. The is an essential skill that aspiring nurses should consider learning for your career. That also vital medical practice for number of diagnoses, tests, blood transfusions, donations, and other regimen procedures.

Think around it: without the proper blood samples come accurately diagnose ours health, we might all suffer from a organize of dangers, consisting of treatment errors or the absence of suitable medical attention to undiagnosed illnesses or conditions.

Phlebotomy vs. Venipuncture

Many world use the state “phlebotomy” and also “venipuncture” interchangeably. However, over there is a slim difference between these two concepts.

Venipuncture is the act of puncturing the vein for various clinical purposes. A health care professional might perform venipuncture to start an IV (intravenous therapy) or they can pierce your patient’s skin to attract samples the blood.

Phlebotomy specifically describes the single-use needlestick for illustration blood specimens. Whereas venipuncture describes the wider concept of beginning the vein because that either illustration blood or administering an IV for prolonged period, phlebotomy is limited to blood-sample collection. Furthermore, phlebotomists need to use a new needle for each sample that’s drawn, and also they may not have to be authorized to use this skill to administering one IV treatment.

What is the function of Venipuncture?

Venipuncture is a regime procedure that’s commonly performed for one of the following reasons:

To gain blood samples because that diagnostic purposes. To monitor levels of assorted blood components. To provide therapeutic therapies intravenously, including medications, nutrition, or chemotherapy. For removing blood to combat high levels of stole or red blood cells. To collect blood for later uses, such as blood transfusions.

How long Does it take it to perform Venipuncture?

In one study, it take it 10 seconds or much less to collection blood for one tube. Theaverage time to obtain blood for 3 tubes was in between 26 and 44 seconds.

When you factor in some of the initial measures of venipuncture—collecting supplies, verifying information, preparing the patient, etc.—the entire process may take almost everywhere from five to ten minutes.

Who Performs Venipuncture?

Venipuncture deserve to be performed by various medical care professionals, including medical laboratory scientists,medical practitioners, phlebotomists, dialysis technicians, and other parenting staff.

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SomeEMTs and paramedics may additionally perform venipuncture, and also inveterinary medicine, the procedure is usually performed byveterinariansorveterinary technicians.

Depending ~ above the place (i.e. State the employment), employer, and also experience level, Medical assistants can additionally draw blood through the suitable training.

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Training requirements for Venipuncture

Venipuncture demands can considerably vary and will depend on your location as well as your profession. Because that instance, in all but four states, phlebotomists aren’t compelled to attain a phlebotomy certificate or license to attract blood (don’t problem – most employers will just hire phlebotomists v valid certifications or diplomas). Over there are, however, some world who have actually years the phlebotomy experience yet have never passed a phlebotomy program.

When it comes to venipuncture training, many programs in your favored profession will certainly likely encompass some component of venipuncture or phlebotomy. At Unitek College, for example, students in the clinical Assisting program must demonstrate the applications of adult and pediatric phlebotomy, venipuncture, and capillary blood collection.

Venipuncture Procedure

A Step-by-Step guide to Venipuncture


With this steps, you can start come learn an ext about the process of venipuncture. Like any kind of other skill, venipuncture requires a lot of time and also practice to gain it right. Try not to feel disheartened if friend don’t acquire it ideal the an initial time. And also don’t hesitate come ask for help. Veteran registered nurses or other healthcare specialists can aid you in honing her craft and also mastering this brand-new skill.

Venipuncture Prep

Have your gives ready! once you understand the website of the blood draw, you’ll desire to conference the essential supplies. Some medical care facilities have pre-made kits, yet others involve separation, personal, instance retrieval. That a great idea for registered nurses to take an extra collection of supplies right into the test room. Why? You can need come perform an ext than one venipuncture.

Venipuncture Steps

Here are few of the basic guidelines you must follow once performing venipuncture on adults or children:

define the procedure and reason for the blood attract to the patient. confirm the bespeak blood tests and fill out the proper forms and labels. Inspect for any allergies or sensitivities v the patient concerning antiseptics, adhesives, or latex. Position the patient and hyperextend the patient’s arm. Perform great hand hygiene and wear ideal PPE (personal security equipment). Use a tourniquet about three to four inches over the selected site. Very closely monitor the arm to ensure the it is not applied too tight or for much more than 2 minutes. Factors for issue would incorporate numbness, tingling, change of color to blue or white, and also extreme pain. Ask the patient to make a fist and not pump the hand. Prepare the venipuncture website by cleansing the area v an alcohol prep pad because that 30 secs and enable to waiting dry because that 30 seconds. Seize the patient’s lower arm (below site of puncture) firmly to draw the skin taut and anchor the vein native rolling. Insert the needle at a 15 come 30-degree angle into the vessel. If effectively inserted, blood must flash right into the catheter. If this does not occur then the needle has actually either not punctured the vein or the needle went v the vessel. Connect the needed tubes or syringes to remove the ideal volume that blood. Only remove the tourniquet together the critical amount of blood is drawn. Eliminate the needle indigenous the patient’s arm and press down on the vessel with gauze. Dispose of contaminated materials and also needles in the designated hospital-approved containers. Label proper tubes in ~ the bedside and place into transport bags. Provide blood specimens come the activities promptly.


Healthcare professionals will stem the blood by stop a cotton swab to the puncture site. They’ll additionally apply a bandage or ice cream the cotton swab. After ~ the procedure, the patient should shot to drink water and also eat something. If they feeling dizzy or experience any other inexplicable symptoms, they should tell someone best away.

Necessary devices for Venipuncture


The suggested supplies because that venipuncture encompass the adhering to items.

Evacuated repertoire tubes an individual Protective equipment Needles and also syringes Tourniquets Hand Sanitizer Alcohol swabs laboratory specimen brand Gauze Blood transfer machine Tape or adhesive bandages Laboratory develops Bio-hazard leak-proof transport bags Puncture resistant sharps container

Potential risks or symptom of Venipuncture

Serious venipuncture dangers or symptom can encompass some of the adhering to conditions:

Cellulitis – A common but potentially major bacterial epidemic of the skin. The influenced areas typically show up swollen and also red. Phlebitis – Inflammation that the vein. It deserve to occur due to blood clot(s) in a vein that reason inflammation. Diaphoresis – Perspiring native sweat glands, which is often a solution to heat, exercise, or stress. Hypotension – short blood pressure. The can result in fainting or dizziness, as the brain isn’t receiving sufficient blood. Syncope or near syncope – Fainting, or a sudden temporary loss the consciousness. Seizure activity – A sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. That can alter your behavior, movements, or feelings.

However, minor bruising is the most usual reaction to venipuncture, and serious symptom are fairly rare.

You can generally avoid these problems by discovering your veins and following the suitable steps. For an ext tips, simply keep reading!

Pro Tips for Mastering the art of Venipuncture


Some of the most an easy venipuncture tips involve plan ahead, making use of an suitable location, and also ensuring there’s top quality control. Below are various other pro tips the may aid you in the future.

Take a Deep Breath –By questioning the patience to take a deep breath just before the stick, you can assist keep them calm and also distracted. A person will regularly feel more in regulate of the instance if you give them something come do. This might work together the needle is being removed, too. Label Immediately – there’s nothing worse than acquiring a an excellent stick, drawing a an excellent sample, then forgetting to brand it appropriate away. Actually, thereis something worse… and also that’s mix up samples because they no labeled in ~ the bedside. For your sake and the patient’s sake, brand all sampleimmediately, even if things room going a mile a minute. Know once to quit –Just can’t gain that blood sample? Veins just aren’t cooperating? Considering a third or fourth attempt? here’s something rather to consider—getting help. Don’t think that it as failure or defeat, think of it together making the ideal decision for your patient. Obtaining a fresh set of eye on the instance might be every that’s required to finally attract a good sample, and also knowing as soon as to seek aid is the note of a pro. There’s a human body Attached to That eight –At the finish of the day, though, whatever really comes down to exactly how safe and peaceful you make your patient feel. So, act each and every one together if they to be a girlfriend or relative, and remember the just since you watch needles and blood samples countless times a day, this is a fairly rare experience for them. They will often be nervous. Some may faint. Some might be nervous since they’re fear they’ll faint. It’s up to you to coach them through it and make the experience as optimistic as possible. The much better it goes, the far better the opportunities of that human seeking medical attention in the future, and that’salways a good takeaway.

Why must Nurses learn Venipuncture?

Even though countless hospitals employ phlebotomy teams, it’s still an important for nurses to discover these skills so that they may carry out the finest care possible. Part intensive-care devices may also require the their nursing staff keep proficiency in venipuncture. This is since phlebotomy teams generally make ring at certain times in most hospital settings. If a physician orders an instant lab test, the responsibility can fall to the registered nurses on duty.

Venipuncture isn’t something that must be learned from study alone. Watching videos or analysis guides like these space great, but remember to exercise in a controlled environment through trained professionals. If you’re currently in the medical care field, shot speaking with your supervisor to find out the procedures for certification.

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