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Pericles was such a great, influential ruler that Athens that the period of background during his reign has actually been referred to as the age of Pericles.

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The males wearing red paint were in big trouble.

In fact, they would probably have to pay a fine for not showing up at the assembly meeting. ~ being captured shirking your duty together citizens of Athens, they had been significant with red paint as punishment.

In Athenian democracy, every citizen was compelled to get involved or experience punishment. This exercise stands in stark contrast to modern-day democratic federal governments in i beg your pardon citizens can select whether or not they great to participate. In Athenian democracy, all citizens pulled your weight.

Not anyone in Athens was thought about a citizen. Only free, adult men delighted in the rights and also responsibility of citizenship. Only around 20 percent the the populace of Athens were citizens. Women were no citizens and therefore could not poll or have any kind of say in the politics process. They to be rarely allowed out in public and also were even minimal as to whereby they could be within their own homes. Slaves and also foreigners were not citizens and likewise could not take part in the democracy. In the end, democracy existed just for the free men that were originally from Athens.



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Croesus reflects his prizes to Solon in this 17th-century painting. Solon has been dubbed one that the seven Wise males of Greece.

Nevertheless, the idea of autonomous government is among the most far-reaching contributions that the ancient Greeks. The city-state that Athens had one that the biggest democracies in regards to population.

Early in Athens" history (around 594 B.C.E.), a guy named Solon

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In English, the word "solon" means "a wise and also skillful lawgiver." enacted reforms that helped reduce the farming gap between the rich and the poor. Poor citizens got the best to sit in the assembly and to vote.

Later, Cleisthenes expanded the democracy by providing every citizen equal rights. He additionally created a legislative human body whose members to be picked randomly indigenous the general population of citizens.


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Under the tyrant Draco, justice in old Athens to be pretty harsh. Although he to be the first person to write down the laws of Athens, according to Plutarch, Draco, "wrote his laws in blood, not ink."

Typically, the citizens of Athens would gather in the agora once there was an assembly meeting. The agora, a fixture that every major Greek city-state, was a large open room in the middle of the city-state that included a marketplace and government buildings. There, citizens would mingle and also discuss the concerns of the day before gathering because that the assembly meeting.

During the meeting, citizens were free to express their opinions and cast their votes. It was in these conference that civilization could be significant with red repaint if they were not fulfilling their public duty.

The courts, too, were normally in the agora. The juries in court instances were really large, often numbering in the hundreds and also sometimes in the thousands. To be fair, Athenians want their juries come reflect the basic population. There were no lawyers. Each citizen was supposed to make his very own case.

Athenian democracy depended on every citizen fulfilling his role. All citizens were expected to vote, yet they were also expected to offer in the government if necessary. In Athens, the human being governed, and the majority ruled. All citizens had actually equal rights and also powers.

In a city-state as small as Athens, a pure democracy to be possible. Together states prospered larger, the notion of electing representatives to make decisions for the public became more practical. Yet the idea that every citizen has actually a voice important enough to it is in heard source in old Athens.

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The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization
PBS presents a beautifully designed website on ancient Athens. It is in whirled earlier in time while discovering cool animation. Interaction maps let girlfriend zoom right into the facility of Athens. This amazing site defines the good Athenian lawmakers and also politicians in detail. And also don"t miss the "speak like an ancient Greek" section.

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Athenian Democracy
The Ancient background Encyclopedia presents this short but in-depth overview the the rise and also fall that Athenian Democracy

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