South America is the World’s fourth-largest continent – 17,840,000 km² covering roughly 12% that the Earth’s land and also 3.5% the the Earth’s surface.

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It is bordered by the Atlantic s to the east and also the Pacific s to the west.

The eastern side that the continent is generally lower 보다 the west which contains the Andes hill range.

The second-longest river in the World, the Amazon (6,400 km) flows throughout the optimal of the continent.

Argentina is house to the highest mountain Aconcagua (6960 m) and also the World’s greatest waterfall – Angel falls (979 m).

Regions & Seasons

South America is not divided into regions.

South America is situated in the southerly hemisphere. Those countries to the south of the continent have actually four unique seasons.

– spring – September, October, November– Summer – December, January, February– autumn – March, April, May– Winter – June, July, August

The countries in the north of the continent have actually more consistent high temperatures and also high rainfall throughout the year.



The climate of southern America deserve to be extensively divided right into seven various climate types:

Desert – warmth to high temperatures v very little rainfall.

Grassland – warm summers and cold winters with over average rainfall.

Deciduous woodland – Four unique seasons with warmth summers and cold, wet winters. The trees melted their leaves in autumn.

Rainforest – High temperatures and also high rainfall throughout the year.

Savanna – This an ar has an extremely high temperatures all year and rain during the summer season only.

Mediterranean – heat to high temperatures through rainfall in the autumn and winter months.

Alpine/mountain – Cold, windy and also snowy. It is winter indigenous October to may with temperatures below freezing, while summer is indigenous June to September where the temperature have the right to reach 15?C.



There space 16 countries and Islands in south America.

Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Falkland Islands, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, south Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Click ~ above the map (right) because that a larger image.


South America is the fifth most populated continent through a total populace of around 371,000,000 (2005). The north-west seaside region and the eastern coast of Brazil space the many densely populated areas while the Amazon rainforest area is the least populated. The nations with the highest possible populations (to the nearest million) are:

Brazil – 188 millionColombia – 43 millionArgentina – 40 millionPeru – 28 millionVenezuela – 26 million

Brazil is the many economically arisen country yet the economies of Argentina, Venezuela, Peru and Uruguay are cultivation the many quickly. Throughout south America over there is a large gap between the rich and also poor.

Plant Life


The tree life of southern America is qualified according to climatic region.

The rainforest areas are jungles the dense, wet forests. The photo (left) mirrors an area that the Amazon Rainforest.

The desert regions are home to those tree that can survive the arid conditions and also include ranges of cactii.

The deciduous forest region has a wide range of plant life and also includes tall and also short trees, shrubs, little plants and mosses.

Due come the cold during the winter months, only brief grasses and also shrubs can survive in the alpine/mountain region.

The grassland and savanna areas are characterised by huge open areas of high or short grass.

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Plants discovered in the Mediterranean region have adapted to the differences in rainfall and also temperature between winter and also summer and also include, palm trees, citrus trees, forest and also scrub.

Animal Life


South America is home to many species of animals including llama, anaconda, pirana, jaguar, vicuna, and tapir

Harvard reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Southern America. Available: Critical accessed Thursday, July 21, 2016