How about adjectives? You gaining a healthy and balanced mix of adjective in her French diet? Excellent.
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Hey, is this your coffee? would certainly you mental if I have a sip? because I don’t hear you speak it’s yours.
Ah ha, I see we’re still a little foggy on possessive adjectives.
Well, it’s no a severe violation. I’m just going to need to ask friend to action out that the auto for a fast review.
And let’s simply say, a brand-new skill will shortly be yours!
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Whose Is Whose? French possessive Adjectives
Like English, the French language has actually a special group of adjectives that indicate possession the the nouns that follow. Possession, together you probably currently know, shows who owns an item or that that thing belongs to. It’s necessary to be able to indicate possession when managing food and also drinks, or other stuff girlfriend don’t want world grabbing out of her hand.
For example, if i say, “Hey! That’s my coffee!” you know you much better back away because that coffee belongs to me, i intend to drink it and I may gain grumpy if i don’t.
Furthermore, these words are called possessive adjectives because they change the complying with noun in the same method that continuous adjectives carry out (i.e., in “the red house,” “house” is a noun, and it’s modification by the adjective “red”).
But sufficient grammatical mumbo-jumbo, right? Here’s the streamlined version.
Possessive adjectives go before the noun in French, by comparison to other adjectives, and possessive adjectives take it the ar of short articles such as le, la or les (the). For example, if I desire to take it the words le café (the coffee) in French and also show the this coffee is, in fact, mine coffee, I would certainly say mon café (my coffee).
But, wait! There’s more. There’s one more significant difference between English and also French: French possessive adjectives no only adjust depending top top the possessor (i.e., the human being who owns the object), however they adjust depending top top the gender of the noun, and also depending ~ above whether that noun is singular or plural.
You knew there to be a catch, didn’t you? Don’t stress! I’ve damaged it all under for you.
French possessive Adjectives in Action
So, together has already been established, own adjectives no only adjust depending top top the human being who own the object, however they likewise must agree v the noun (i.e., the “possessed”) in gender and also in plurality. Let’s take a look!
That’s my coffee!
The word “my” in English signifies the the noun in inquiry belongs come the speaker or, in the situation of French, the je (I) the the conversation. But, remember: It should agree in gender and plurality.
For masculine words, we would say mon (my). For feminine words, we would certainly say ma (my). Because that plural words, nevertheless of whether they’re masculine or feminine, we would say mes (my). Inspect out this words in action:C’est mon café ! (It’s my coffee!)Où est ma règle ? (Where is mine ruler?)Ce sont mes livres. (Those space my books.)
No…your coffee is end there!
The native “your” in English method that the complying with noun belongs to the tu (you) in the conversation. In this case, if the following word is masculine, we would say ton (your). If words is feminine, we would say ta (your). Lastly, friend guessed it, if the word is plural, we would certainly say tes (your) for both masculine and also feminine words.Ceci est ton coffee shop ! (That one is her coffee!)Où est ta voiture ? (Where is your car?)Où sont tes clés ? (Where are your keys?)
Note: To save things an easy in this post, we’ll talk about tu as being the singular “you” and vous being the plural, however it’s actually a little more facility than that once you get into officially French, so be certain to examine into that. You can see the distinctions in own adjectives between conversational and formal French through the aid of lifwynnfoundation.org.
lifwynnfoundation.org takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and transforms them into personalized language learning lessons.
The communication is filled with authentic French content, meaning real conversations in between native speakers, i beg your pardon showcase the language in a range of contexts, in both formal and informal settings. The clips are also equipped v interactive dual-language subtitles so that you deserve to observe the grammar build in action while comparing your translations in English.
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Not that one, either! That’s her coffee!
Unlike English, French go not distinguish between his and her as soon as it comes to possession. That way that the possessive adjective only changes depending top top the sex or plurality that the complying with noun.
For example, son can mean “his” or “her” and is because that masculine nouns. Sa means “his” or “her” together well and is used for feminine nouns. Finally, ses method “his” or “her” and also is supplied for both masculine and feminine noun in the plural.Non, c’est son cafe ! (No, that’s his/her coffee!)Où est sa télévision ? (Where is his/her television?)Cherche ses clés ! (Look because that his/her keys!)
Excuse me…what are you doing v our coffees?
Ah, simplicity! Well, kinda…for “our,” French uses notre because that masculine and feminine nouns. No for many nouns, though: for plural nouns, friend use nos.C’est notre coffee shop ! (It’s our coffee!)Voilà notre télévision. (There’s our television.)Est-ce que vous voudriez lire nos livres ? (Would you choose to check out our books?)
Oh, my. I didn’t realize this were your coffees.
You’re in fortune! The simplicity continues. To say that something belongs to “you all” or “you guys” in colloquial English, French speaker use votre (your) for both masculine and also feminine nouns. Because that plural nouns, however, friend use vos.Où est votre stylo ? (Where is your pen?)Est-ce que ceci est votre voiture ? (Is this her car?)Ce sont vos cafés. (These space your coffees.)
Yes, you re welcome don’t drink their coffee.
Lastly, we have the own adjectives leur and leurs (their). Leur is offered for both masculine and also feminine noun in the singular, whereas leurs is offered for both masculine and also feminine nouns in the plural.Oui, c’est leur stylo. (Yes, it’s your pen.)Où est leur télévision ? (Where is your television?)Ce sont leurs cafés. (These space their coffees.)
A perfectly French Exception: Feminine possessive Adjectives and Vowels
What would certainly a French grammatical building be there is no an exception?
The feminine own adjectives ma (my), ta (your) and sa (his/her) room special in the sense that they cannot be provided in former of a noun that starts through a vowel, lot in the exact same way le or la (the) have to become l’ in former of a vowel. The difference, however, is the these three feminine possessive adjectives carry out not merely drop a letter: They change completely.
But problem not: This adjust isn’t a totally brand-new form. The feminine own adjectives merely take the kind of masculine possessive adjectives in prior of a feminine noun that begins with one of those lover French vowels.
In short, ma (my), ta (your) and sa (his/her) become mon (my), ton (your) and son (his/her) respectively prior to a vowel.
Check the end these examples:C’est mon amie. (She’s mine friend.)
Amie is feminine, but we cannot placed ma in front of it, so we must use mon.Je vais à ton école. (I’m walking to her school.)
École is feminine, yet we cannot put ta in prior of it, so we should use ton.Quelle est son idée ? (What’s his/her idea?)
Idée is feminine, but we cannot placed sa in front of it, therefore we must use son.
To each His Own: One last Rule
Last one, i promise!
Unlike in English, every French noun in a perform must have actually its very own possessive adjective, even if the possessors space the same.
In English, we can say, “Where space my book and also cup?” In French, however, we cannot say Où sont mon livre et tasse ? Rather, we should say: Où sont mon livre et ma tasse ?
Possessive adjectives Practice
Random spot check complete! Now, here’s some practice for all the wonderful possessive adjective we’ve learned prior to I send girlfriend on her way.
Check the end the complying with online quizzes: girlfriend can find some to begin on About French and To discover French. As soon as you’re done through those, check out additional material on Quia and ProProfs!
Isn’t it time girlfriend made French own adjectives yours?
Just no my coffee.
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