beginning with 9, perform the very first 10 multiples that 9. In the perform in part (a) what patterns perform you see v the number in the 10"s place? What patterns carry out you see through the number in the 1"s place? utilizing pictures, words, or equations, define the fads you it was observed in component (b).

You are watching: Multiples of 9 up to 200

## IM Commentary

This job examines the amazing fact that once a number is divisible through 9 climate the amount of its digits is likewise divisible by 9. Just one and also two number numbers room examined here. A natural expansion of this task would be to check out if this pattern stays true for 3 digit or bigger numbers. At this age, students are multiplying big numbers by a solitary digit number (4.NBT.5) and so they might be encouraged to pursue further this interesting fact around the amount of the digits in numbers divisible through 9. Knowledge this dominance provides wonderful practice in place value and properties of arithmetic.

Three services are listed for component (c), explaining the pattern. One gives a verbal description, the 2nd uses arithmetic manipulations, if the third uses a picture. Students working on this job will look for and make usage of framework (MP7): in components (b) and (c), students are looking both to determine a pattern and explain why the pattern holds. College student will also look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning (MP8), particularly in component (c); trends in basic require identify a procedure which is recurring multiple times.

## Solutions

Solution:1 Arithmetic Properties

The first ten multiples that 9 are\$\$9, 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81, 90.\$\$

For the 10s places, note that the number 9 can be assumed of as 0 tens and 9 ones therefore the tens place has a 0. The tens ar of 18 is 1. Going with the list of multiples that 9, the tens digits are\$\$0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.\$\$For the people place, we see that 9 has actually 9 ones, 18 has 8 ones, and also going v the perform we obtain ones worths of\$\$9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0.\$\$So the tens ar starts at 0 and also go up by 1 if the ones ar starts in ~ 9 and goes down by 1.

Another necessary pattern that relates the ones and tens locations is that if we add up the digit in the 10s place and the number in the persons place, we get 9 because that each of these numbers.

We will explain why the digit in the tens location goes up by 1 and the number in the ones location goes down by 1.

To go to the following multiple that 9, we include 9 each time. We recognize that 9 = 10âˆ’1. So including 9 is like including 10 and also then individually 1. Adding 10 boosts the the digit in the tens location by 1 (as long as the is no 9). Individually 1 reduce the the number in the ones ar by 1 (as lengthy as it is no 0).

Solution:2 Equations and picture for part (c)

Here we use the nature of arithmetic to aid explain why the 10s value increases by 1 and also the ones worth decreases by 1 when including 9. We study the equation 18+9=27 together an example. We have the right to rewrite 18=1Ã—10+8 and 9 = 10 - 1 to get

eginalign18+9 &=(1Ã—10+8)+(1Ã—10âˆ’1) \&=1Ã—10+(8+1Ã—10)âˆ’1\&=1Ã—10+(1Ã—10+8)âˆ’1\&=(1Ã—10+1Ã—10)+(8âˆ’1)\&=(1+1)Ã—10+(8âˆ’1).endalign

We have written the end every action to watch which rules of arithmetic are being used. The first line is arithmetic, the second line provides the associative building of addition, the third line provides the commutative residential or commercial property of addition, the fourth line uses the associative property of addition, and also the 5th line offers the distributive building of multiplication over addition. Notification that the really last line mirrors why the 10s place has actually increased by one if the ones areas has reduced by one after adding 9.

The arithmetic steps above can it is in visualized in the table below:

Each lot of of 9 is highlighted in green. To move from one lot of of 9 to the next, in the table, we relocate down one (adding 10) and also to the left one (subtracting 1). The sum of the number is still the same because the number in the 10s place has actually increased by 1 if the digit in the ones location has decreased by 1.

Solution:3 photo for (c)

Here we provide a visual depiction for the pattern in the multiples the 9. We an initial look in ~ what happens v 9+9:

To do a ten we have moved one eco-friendly block from the an initial 9 to the 2nd 9: this gives us a ten and eight ones. For this reason the 10s place has increased through one and the ones place has diminished by one. We deserve to see the exact same pattern going from 18 come 27 by adding 9:

Here also we take far one native the 8 in 18 and add it to the 9 to do a 10. The final snapshot looks a small out the order with the 7 ones in between the 2 tens yet we can shift this around to placed the two tens together. If we look in ~ the collection of equations in the 2nd solution, the fact that the strips space switched roughly in stimulate to have actually the tens together mirrors up as soon as the commutative residential property of addition is used.

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This sample will stay until us reach 90. When we include 9 come 90 there room no ones to take it from in stimulate to include to the 9 and also make a 10.