America (Civil War song Sheet). Samuel F. Smith, words, No date. Rarely Book and Special collections Division, Library of Congress
My nation "tis of thee,Sweet soil of liberty...

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Although we understand that Reverend Samuel Francis Smith created the words to "My nation "Tis the Thee" (also well-known as "America"), the origin of the song"s melody continues to be a mystery. And also the background of that verses is even much more complex.

The boy of Henry Carey, a british singer-composer, claimed his father to be the first to create both the words and also the music the this song as "God Save an excellent George the King" in London in 1740. However, Carey"s son had actually financial factors for making together a claim, and music historians said it was much more likely any type of such song would have actually been based on a pre-existing melody.

Such an earlier melody, if the did exist, has actually been attributed to various seventeenth-century sources including the English composer john Bull, the French court composer Jean-Baptiste Lully, and even a armed forces hymn from Switzerland. Return the tune"s specific origin is not confirmed, it was printed in England in 1744 in the tune publication Thesaurus Musicus.

The power that brought about an explode in the popular of "God conserve the King" took ar in London in September 1745. Dr. Cutting board Arne i ordered it the tune for a September 28, 1745, power at the Drury roadway Theater. The was also performed concurrently at the Covent Garden theatre for several nights running. The track was to plan to display support for the Hanoverian King George II, following the loss of his basic John cope at Prestonpans, a fight that was the opened salvo in the war against "Bonnie Prince Charlie," his Stuart rival because that the throne.


My nation "Tis that Thee. Ca 1861. Music Division, Library the Congress

Before the music of "My country "Tis of Thee" do its method to the United states it was played in many countries. By the 1790s the melody had end up being that of the Danish nationwide anthem "A track to be Sung by the Danish topics at the Fete of your King, to the Melody the the English Hymn." ultimately it likewise became the nationwide anthem that at least six other places, consisting of Prussia ("Heil dir im Siegerkranz" or "Hail to Thee in the Victor"s Wreath"), britain ("God save the Queen") and Liechtenstein.

The first documented variation of this melody published in the American British colonies dates indigenous 1761. The track of "God save the King" to be used, in a contempt modified form, as the melody because that the hymn recognized as "Whitefield"s Tune," published in Urania, a repertoire of sacred songs compiled by James Lyon and printed by wilhelm Bradford.

After the colonies became independent indigenous England the words were further adapted for usage in the unified States. For example, George Washington to be greeted as he arrived in brand-new York City for his an initial inauguration in April 1789, with the following homegrown native sung to the familiar air the "God save the King."

Hail, she auspicious day!For permit America Thy praise resound.Joy come our native land!Let every love expand,For Washington"s in ~ hand,With glory crowned.Thrice beloved Columbia, hail!Behold prior to the gale your chief advance.The matchless Hero"s neigh;Applaud him to the sky,Who offered you liberty,With gen"rous France.

A variety of popular version of the song may have advanced in America, v no known documentation as to their source. The would have been known, for example, to plenty of members the the Lewis and also Clark exploration (1803-1806) under the title "God keep America."

God store AmericaFree native tyrannic swayTill time shall ceaseHush"d it is in the din that armsAnd every proud war"s alarm;Follow in every her charmsHeaven-borne peace.
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Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Kids singing in Martha Royer"s institution house. Dick, Sheldon, photographer, 1938? Prints and also Photographs Division, Library of Congress

The words the eventually ended up being a tradition, specifically among U.S. Institution children, were written by Samuel Francis blacksmith while the was researching at Andover Theological Seminary in 1831. Smith to be approached through the well known organist and also composer Lowell Mason who had actually with him some German college music books. Mason wanted Smith to either interpret the German, or write brand-new text because that the tunes. Smith was particularly struck through one track (most likely unaware the it to be the same melody as "God conserve the King") and wrote his text to it. The tune was debuted through Mason on July 4, 1831, at a children"s business at the Park Street Church in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Smith initially wrote another verse, which he cut due to the fact that it seemed too strident and also not in keeping with what he want to be a tranquil homage to the nation. Beethoven and Haydn have incorporated the music the this song right into their own work-related and, on august 28, 1963, Rev. Young name Luther King quoted Smith"s lyrics when he declared from the actions of the Lincoln Memorial "I have a dream" and also called on the country to "let freedom ring."

Learn an ext About it Related net Sites print Bibliography
Browne, C. A. The story that our nationwide ballads. Revised by Willard A. Heaps. Brand-new York: cutting board Y. Crowell Company, 1960. Call number: ML3551 .B88 1960. Clark, Kenneth S. Stories of America"s biggest songs, 4th ed. New York: national Bureau because that the development of Music, 1941. Call number: ML3551 .C5 1941. Chase, Gilbert. America"s music: from the pilgrims come the present, 3rd ed., revised. V a foreword by Richard Crawford and also a discographical essay by william Brooks. Urbana and also Chicago, Illinois: college of Illinois Press, 1987. Call number: ML200 .C5 1987. Ewen, David, ed. American popular songs from the Revolutionary battle to the present. Brand-new York: arbitrarily House, 1966. Call number: ML128 .N3 E9. "God save the Queen ." The brand-new Oxford companion come music, Denis Arnold, ed. Volume I, A-J: 773. Oxford and brand-new York: Oxford college Press, 1983. ML100 .N5 1983. Hitchcock, H. Wiley. Music in the joined States: a historical introduction, fourth ed. With Kyle Gann. Top Saddle River, new Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 2000. Call number: ML200 .H58 2000. Howard, john Tasker. Our American Music: A comprehensive history from 1620 to the present, fourth ed. New York: thomas Y. Cromwell Company, 1965. Call number: ML200 .H8 1965. Langley, Hubert. doctor Arne. London: Cambridge college Press, 1938. Call number: ML410 .A78 L28. Scholes, Percy A. "God conserve the Queen." The Oxford companion to music, ninth ed. London and new York: Oxford college Press, 1955. Call number: ML100 .S37 1955. Scholes, Percy A. God save the Queen!: the history and romantic of the world"s first national anthem. London: Oxford University push (Geoffrey Cumberlege, publisher to the University), 1954. Call number: ML3658 .S3 1954

title My country "Tis that Thee produced / released Library the Congress, Washington, DC, 2002. subject Headings - famous Songs the the day - Songs and Music - song Collections Genre short article additional Metadata layouts METSXML record