Andes hills facts:
Where room the Andes Mountains?
The Andes hills line the west edge of southern America, from Venezuela every the method along Chile to southern America"s southerly tip, crossing v Ecuador, Peru, and also Bolivia. Yes no other ar on the surface of the earth that is farther from the earth centre 보다 the peak of Chimborazo in the Ecuadorean Andes, situated in Ecuador, mountain Chimborazo is a dormant volcano. It critical erupted over 10 century ago.
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How long is the Andes hills range?
The Andes space the world"s longest continental mountain range, around 9,000 km in all. They lie together a consistent chain that highland along the western shore of southern America, along that route, they cross with Ecuador, Peru, and also Bolivia .The variety is end 7,000 km (4,300 miles) long, 200 km (120 miles) to 700 km (430 miles) vast and of an average elevation of about 4,000 m (13,000 ft). Over its length, the Andean range is separation into number of ranges, regularly two an excellent ranges, called Cordillera Oriental and the Cordillera Occidental, often separated through an intermediate depression. The Andes Mountains expand over 7 countries: Argentina (Mount Aconcagua), Bolivia (Huayna Potosi), Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and also Venezuela, known as Andean States.
How high are the Andes Mountains?
The typical elevation in the Andes is about 13,000 feet (3,962 meters). The only hills that are taller than the Andes room the Himalaya Mountains and also their adjacent ranges, including the Hindu Kush.
Andes highest possible peak?
The highest possible elevation in the Andes is mount Aconcagua in Argentina, i beg your pardon is 22,841 feet (6,962 m) over sea level.
What is the climate of the Andes Mountains?
Because the Andes act together a large wall between the Pacific Ocean and the continent, they have a tremendous influence on climate in the region. The northern part of the Andes is typically rainy and also warm, and also the weather is additionally wet in the eastern component of central Andes, and the area to the southwest. Come the west, the dry climate is conquered by the Atacama Desert in northern Chile. The mountains kind a rain cover end the eastern levels of Argentina, i beg your pardon have extremely dry weather.
How old space the Andes Mountains?
The Andes mountains are end 50 million years old, castle were created when the south American and Pacific tectonic plates collided. It is a arsenal of many mountain chains which sign up with together in what are called orographic knots. The formation of the contemporary Andes began with the occasions of the Triassic and Jurassic as soon as Pangea started to break up and also several rifts developed. That was throughout the Cretaceous period that the Andes began to take their present form, through the uplifting, faulting and also folding that sedimentary and also metamorphic rock of the ancient cratons to the east. The rise of the Andes has not been consistent and different regions have had actually different degrees of tectonic stress, uplift, and weathering.
What plants grow in the Andes?
About 30,000 species of Vascular plants live in the Andes, vascular plants include the society mosses, horsetails, ferns, gymnosperms (including conifers) and also angiosperms (flowering plants). The tiny tree Cinchona pubescens, a source of quinine i beg your pardon is offered to law malaria, is found widely in the Andes as much south together Bolivia. Various other important crops that came from the Andes room tobacco and potatoes. The high-altitude Polylepis forests and also woodlands are found in the Andean locations of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and also Chile. These trees are referred to as Quenua through locals, Yagual and other names, deserve to be found at altitudes of 4,500 m (14,760 ft) over sea level.
What crops are get an impression in the Andes?
In the valleys, maize to be grown in addition to other plants of high food value, such as Andean grains (quinoa, amaranth), leguminous tree such together beans and lupins, and also roots such as arracacha, yacón and also chagos. Tomatoes and potatoes, two of the most prevalent food plants in the world, originated from the Andes. Peru, among Andes host countries, is house to at the very least 3,800 various varieties the potatoes. It’s additionally worth noting that Coca leaves originated native the west slopes the the Andean mountains. Coca tea is a popular beverage in the high Andes, many thanks to its effectiveness in relieving symptoms of altitude sickness.
What animals can be found in the Andes?
In the Andes around 3,700 varieties of animals can it is in found, consisting of 500 species of mammals, 1,600 types of birds, 500 varieties of reptiles, and also 300 varieties of fishes, and much more than 100 varieties of amphibians. High mountains are a dreary habitat because that wild life, therefore mammals living there have thick woolly fur.
What mineral are discovered in the Andes Mountains?
The Andes are among the best sources of mineral riches in the world. Andean mines account for an ext than 45 percent that the world"s copper production, virtually 30 percent that the silver- production, far-reaching amounts that lead, zinc, yellow and an array of industrial minerals and also chemicals.
What is the population of the Andes?
The populace in the Andes is approximated at 84,500,000 people with 44% situated in the Andean countries. Therefore, that is estimated that a 3rd of civilization living in southern America live in the Andes particularly in significant cities. The occupants of the Ecuadorian Andes are mainly Quechua speakers and also mestizos, in the south there are little groups of Canaris and also in the north, Salasacas. Agriculture (corn, potatoes, broad beans) is the key occupation, part Indian residents engage in ceramics and also weaving.
When is the ideal time come visit the Andes?
December come March is the rainy season in the Andes, The best time come visit the Andes is in may to Oct, when it is cooler (particularly the additional south you go) but dry, through the best chance that blue skies and also breath taking clear views. Temperatures in the Andes depend an ext on altitude than on season. The Andes are among the most sought after take trip destinations in south America, especially for tourists who love high-altitude expeditions. These mountain ranges sell a playground for myriad out adventures, including mountain climbing, stargazing, hiking, cycling, white water rafting, skiing, and horse riding.
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