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Abraham is pertained to by Jews as the founder that the Hebrew people. The twelve people of Israel were direct descendants that Abraham.

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Empires rose and also empires fell. The Babylonians, the Assyrians, and the Persians built up immense wealth and power that enabled them to construct capital cities of to mark beauty.

But their cities and palaces ultimately fell into decay and also were spanned by countless years of sand and dust.

One the their relatively powerless contemporary groups outlived those good empires. These civilization were the Hebrews, known additionally as Israelites or, later, Jews.

Their at an early stage contribution to mankind was not wealthy realms or groundbreaking technology. Rather, it to be the revolutionary idea that there was just one god, a id known together monotheism. This one Hebrew god was dubbed Yahweh. Come the Hebrews, Yahweh to be all an effective and all knowing, yet beyond human understanding. The religious beliefs based approximately this god affected the founding of Christianity and also Islam.

Abraham and also the Torah


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In the years after David and Solomon ruled, the kingdom the the Hebrews was divided into two different lands, Israel and Judah.

The history of the at an early stage Hebrews is known primarily from among their sacred texts, the Torah, i beg your pardon comprises the first five books of the Old testament of the Bible. Follow to the Torah, Abraham is the genealogical patriarch the the Hebrew people.

Abraham was born in the Sumerian city of Ur. After ~ Abraham\"s father died, Yahweh went to Abraham and also instructed him come smash the idols that his father\"s gods, to worship the one and only true god, Yahweh, and also to move his household to Canaan. Yahweh promised Abraham the if he followed these laws, the would uncovered a good nation that would certainly live in a land flowing v milk and also honey.

This land, recognized as Canaan in old times, is around located in the same place as modern Israel.

Abraham\"s migration took place some time in between 2000 B.C.E. And also 1700 B.C.E. It developed at a time when the Canaanites lived in relatively small, separately governed, walled cities. They were accustomed to outsiders coming right into their territory. The Hebrews, that were nomadic herders, to be tolerated by the Canaanites.

The land the Abraham and also his followers found did not flow so conveniently with milk and honey. The dried climate and rough setting required significant effort come survive. Drought required Abraham and also his family members to move to Egypt.



The Twelve Tribes

The Torah tells how Abraham had actually two sons: Isaac through his wife Sarah, and also Ishmael by his concubine Hagar. The Hebrews trace their heritage with Isaac. Isaac had actually a child Jacob, who in turn had 12 sons. This sons ended up being the leaders of the 12 people of Israel. Jacob\"s many beloved son, Joseph, to be sold into slavery by his jealousy brothers. When in captivity, Joseph climbed to be the Egyptian pharaoh\"s cook minister that the land.


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Jewish hikers lie down in this old tomb. The tomb was originally used to hold an ext than a single body, however over the centuries the roof caved in and exposed the burial place.

When a major drought plagued Canaan, his very same brothers concerned Egypt, begging for grain. Skip their past mistreatment of him, Joseph offered them grain and also convinced them to remain in Egypt.

There, the Hebrews prospered and became a an excellent nation. They came to be so numerous, that a pharaoh \"who walk not recognize Joseph\" enslaved the Hebrews. This pharaoh is believed to be Ramses II (1290-1224 B.C.E.)

The Exodus to Canaan

The Torah climate recounts the story the Moses, who led the Hebrews the end of Egypt and also slavery. This event, well-known as the Exodus, many likely occurred during the regime of the pharaoh Merneptah, in between 1224 and 1211 B.C.E. Excavators have discovered an Egyptian paper written on papyrus from this time duration that explains Jews being forced to leave, more authenticating this story. After what the Hebrews believed were a collection of acts by Yahweh on their behalf, including various plagues on the Egyptians and their crops and also livestock, Moses led his civilization out of Egypt. The Egyptian Exodus lasted around from 1600 to 1200 B.C.E.


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Even in the modern-day world, Jewish children still discover to review the Torah follow to ancient tradition. The Yemeni Jews here are practicing the Hebrew the they have learned native the village mari, or teacher.

According come the Old Testament, the Hebrews wandered in the desert of the Sinai Peninsula (which is between Egypt and also Canaan) for 40 years. Moses got the Ten Commandments throughout this time, i beg your pardon outlined some basic laws governing behavior. He additionally struggled to save his civilization from worshiping gods other than Yahweh. Moses died before he could enter Canaan.

Joshua led the Hebrews ago into Canaan, wherein they settled among the Canaanites and the Philistines. The Old testimony tells the Joshua\"s victorious battles versus these people. Excavators have found that a number of towns were destroyed roughly this time. But, they do not agree as to whether such damage was the work of the Hebrews or others. Over time, the Hebrews started to discover the ways of the Canaanites and settled down to a life the farming and herding.

In 722 B.C.E., the northern fifty percent of Hebrew lands known as Israel to be invaded and also mostly damaged by the Assyrians. The southern half, recognized as Judea, survived until around 597 B.C.E., as soon as the Babylonians beat the Judeans and also carried many of them back as captives to Babylon.

During their bondage in Babylon, Hebrew scribes tape-recorded the background of your people and also their relationship with their god Yahweh. After ~ 539 B.C.E., the Persians under Cyrus II overcame Babylon. He enabled the Hebrews to go back to their divine city of Jerusalem. But, the Hebrews ongoing to autumn under the supremacy of various other empires. In 70 C.E., the Romans ruined Jerusalem and also sent many of the Jews right into an exile that lasted till the 20th century.


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The Ten shed Tribes
What really occurred to the ten people of Israel that were conquered by the Assyrians? PBS goes in search of these lost tribes, detect traces of them all around the globe. For those interested in ancient mysteries, this is a must-see website.

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The old Hebrew Language and also Alphabet
This site is \"dedicated come teaching and promoting the study\" of old Hebrew, the language the the earliest publications of the holy bible were composed in. Sections on analysis the Hebrew alphabet and on the meanings of the letters room not to it is in missed.

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Canaan and old Israel
The university of Pennsylvania Museum the Archaeology and also Anthropology presents this map, timeline, and an introduction of the religion and economy of Canaan at the time the Hebrews worked out in this old land. There is additionally an interesting look at modern-day archaeology in Canaan.

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Introduction that Biblical Judaism
From the university of Calgary comes this brief but colorful advent to the world of the Hebrews. Numerous topics space covered, consisting of the Hebrew exodus native Egypt, and also the presentation that the God\"s commandments come Moses at mount Sinai. There room plenty of photos and an excellent maps to show each section.

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The Hebrews between Assyria and Egypt
This is a text-only background of the Hebrews in the ancient world, back it has actually links to many maps that aid to phone call the story. Countless movies and also stories have actually been created around the Hebrew exodus native Egypt. Yet what taken place after the exodus? composed by one independent yet fair-minded writer, this website is a great summary that Hebrew history.

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Internet Jewish background Sourcebook
This website from Fordham university is a repertoire of web links to major documents about Jews, Judaism, the Hebrews and also Israel from transparent history. A an excellent place to begin any kind of research project around the Hebrew people.

See more: Quick Question: Do Pro Bowl Players Get Paid, Super Bowl Money: How Much Do Players Make

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Judaism 101
This \"Frequently request Question\" website explains elements of Jewish life and faith, indigenous the Hebrew alphabet come the Halakhah (Jewish law). Assembled through an independent researcher, this textual page likewise answers plenty of questions about what it is to it is in Jewish. Don\"t miss the web links to Jewish-related websites at the bottom the the page.

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