History >> civil WarThe battle of the Monitor and also Merrimack is famous because it was the an initial clash in between ironclad warships. This battle readjusted the future of navy warfare. That took location on march 8, 1862 and March 9, 1862.

You are watching: The monitor defeated the merrimac at hampton roads in the first battle of the civil war.


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First battle of iron Ships of battle by Henry Bill
What is the name of the battle?This battle is frequently referred to by a number of names. Many historians call it the battle of Hampton Roads since it took place in a body of water called Hampton roadways in Virginia. However, the battle was fought in between two famous ironclad ships dubbed the Monitor and also the Merrimack. As a result, the fight is sometimes referred to as the fight of the Ironclads or the fight of the Monitor and also Merrimack.What is one ironclad?The ironclad was a new kind of warship an initial used in the polite War. Previous warships had been constructed out of wood. This ships might be quickly sunk by cannonballs. Ironclad warships, however, were defended with an outer armor made of iron. Castle were lot more daunting to sink with cannonballs.The MerrimackThe Merrimack was originally among the biggest ships in the Union Navy. However, it was recorded by the Confederates. Union soldiers collection the delivery on fire, but the Confederates regulated to save the hull the the ship. The confederates rebuilt the ship through a heavy steam powered engine and also iron armor. They renamed the delivery the Virginia.
The MonitorUpon hearing about the South"s new ironclad ship, the phibìc hurried to develop their own. Through the assist of inventor man Ericsson, the north quickly built the Monitor. The monitor was fully protected v iron armor. It only had two cannons, yet these cannons were on a revolving turret, permitting them to it is in aimed straight at an foe ship.Who were the commanders?The Merrimack (Virginia) to be commanded by Flag Officer Franklin Buchanan. Buchanan to be hit by a bullet in the thigh during the fight when the went top top the deck the the delivery to fire his gun at the shore.The Monitor was commanded through Captain john Worden. He was likewise injured during the fight when a shell from the Merrimack explosive just external the Monitor"s pilot house.The BattleOn march 8, 1862, the Merrimack gone into into battle versus the wood Union ships at Hampton Roads. The Union cannons fired shooting after shot at the Merrimack through no success. The cannonballs bounced right off. The Merrimack climate took target at the Union delivery the USS Cumberland. It smashed its iron ram right into the side of the ship. The Cumberland sunk. Then the Merrimack went after the USS Minnesota, damaging the ship and also forcing it come ground. After hours of fighting, the Merrimack went back to Norfolk because that the night.The next day, the Merrimack went back to Hampton Roads. This time, however, the Monitor had actually arrived and also was wait on it. The two ironclads dealt with for hours. Lock fired cannonball after ~ cannonball at each other, however they could not sink each other. Ultimately both pearls left the battle.ResultsThe fight itself was inconclusive with neither side really winning. However, the ironclad warships had actually proven their value in battle. No longer would wooden ships be viable in war. The fight had changed the food of navy warfare.
Interesting Facts about the battle of the IroncladsThe Merrimack (Virginia) was destroyed by Confederate soldiers once the Union took over the harbor at Norfolk, Virginia in 1862.The monitor sank throughout a storm turn off the shore of Cape Hatteras, phibìc Carolina on December 31, 1862.The destructive of the screen was located in 1973 and some that the ship was salvaged.Several more ironclads were constructed by both sides during the polite War.

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