Hundreds of thousands of horseshoe crabs come ashore come lay eggs in the sands the Delaware just in the eastern joined States. Photo: Asturnut under a an innovative Commons license.

You are watching: The most successful animal group is the

By Craig Leisher, an elderly social scientist

Horseshoe crabs are, arguably, the most successful animals on earth, having actually survived for 445 million years. That’s 440 million years much longer than humans and also 130 million years much longer than the über-survivor cockroach.

It’s the ‘crab moon’ right now when hundreds of thousands that horseshoe crabs come ashore come lay egg in the sands of Delaware just in the eastern unified States. The crabs have actually been comes to beaches favor these for a long, lengthy time.

If there were actuarial tables for varieties survival, horseshoe crabs would have the world’s lowest species survival insurance allowance premiums. they have already made it through asteroids hitting the earth, at least three ice cream ages, alters in sea level, and huge fluctuations in atmospheric CO2.

But their biggest challenge in this aeon may be surviving civilization harvesting castle by the pickup-truck load to be ground into fertilizer or offered as bait for eel and conch fishing. A big female deserve to sell for $5 to an eel fisherman, and horseshoe crabs space ridiculously straightforward to capture during spawning season. You simply pick castle up v your hands. They don’t bite, and they can not run.

In enhancement to being the an initial input top top the means to capturing eels for episode or conch for a sandwich, horseshoe crabs are big in medicine.

There’s a $50-million (US) industry that go nothing but collect blood indigenous horseshoe crabs. The pets are true blue bloods with a copper-based blood it is the color of lapis lazuli.

Horseshoe crab blood has a distinctive property: in the existence of bacterial, it transforms to jelly and creates a barrier against the bacteria. The an are shuttle team used horseshoe crab blood to wipe under shuttle surfaces and ensure they to be bacterial free.

The medical industry uses the blood come ensure injectable drugs are totally free of endotoxins. After ~ the blood letting, the crabs are released ago into the wild, and also of course, all yet a small percentage survive.

What walk it require to make the 445 million years? In enhancement to anti-pathogen blue blood, the horseshoe crab has gills the are like the pages that a book allowing it come breath the end of water so lengthy as the gills continue to be wet, ten eyes for detecting potential mates, food and also predators, and the ability to develop 90,000 fertile eggs a year.

In the Delaware Bay, migratory shore bird time your travels come arrive simply as the horseshoe crabs begin to arise from the water to lay their eggs. The bay is a prime refueling terminal for the Red Knot.

The rufa Red node is a legendary constant flyer the migrates native the high artic come the reminder of south American and back every year. One Red Knot, ‘B95’, has actually done the round trip so countless times, he is flown the distance to the moon and fifty percent way back. In may 2013, he was photographed top top the coast in the Delaware Bay eat horseshoe crab eggs 18 year after the was an initial banded through the to know number B95.

The horseshoe crab might be weird and ugly, and much more closely related to spiders than crabs, but that the world’s many successful animal and will more than likely outlast also the cockroach.

445 million years…and counting. Photo: Flickr user David Goehring under a an imaginative Commons license.

See more: What Is The Function Of Valves In Veins ? What Are Valves In Veins And How Do They Work

Opinions expressed on Cool eco-friendly Science and also in any corresponding comments room the personal opinions that the original authors and also do no necessarily reflect the views of The lifwynnfoundation.org Conservancy.