Wichita oral heritage tells united state that the Wichita and also the Pawnee space related. World from what is currently Arkansas and Louisiana moved to the Platte flow in what is currently Nebraska. One group, the Pawnee, continued to be in the area the Nebraska and also northern Kansas. The other, the Wichita, moved to the south and central par

t of Kansas.

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The very first white guy to see the Wichita was Coronado. He claimed this that them,

"There room not more than twenty-five towns, with straw houses, in it, nor any much more in every the remainder of the nation that I have seen and learned about . . . Every they have is the tanned skin of the cattle they kill, for the herds are near where they live, at fairly a huge river. Castle eat meat raw choose the Querechos and also Teyas . They are enemies of one another...These people of Quivira have the advantage over the others in their houses and also in farming of maize.”

The Wichita constructed beehive-shaped grass lodges as irreversible homes. Willows and cottonwood trees thrived in central Kansas and grasses were in abundance. The totality family functioned together gathering necessary materials, but the women and also children actually created the lodge. The Wichita entered their houses through really low doorways on the east and also west sides. Light gone into the lodge with these doors, and through an opening in the roof.

Temporary real estate was used during the hunting season. They supplied tepees like plenty of other plains Indians. The men hunted year round, however most of the women and children add the males on prolonged hunts double a year. They adhered to the migration fads of the buffalo.

During the spring and also summer month corn to be cultivated along with squash and also pumpkins. They maintained their harvest come use during the winter months. The Wichita likewise traded the dried pumpkin and squash carpet to other tribes the did not prosper crops.

Their apparel was do from the tanned hides of animals. Women wore moccasins, leggings, and also skirts to protect their skin native the tall grasses. Men and women wore tattoos.

The Wichita were associated in substantial trade route. Regularly time’s archeologists find Wichita items in states much away, which to be traded. Elks teeth were considered prized to the Wichita and were often traded.

In 1700 the Wichita moved down right into Texas. It was here they started to clash with the U.S. Cavalry. The Wichita often, begged, raided, and stole, infuriating those inhabitants in Texas. In 1845 the Wichita were put on the reservation referred to as Clear Fork. The Wichita ongoing their thievery however, till the Texans forced them the end of Texas, onto appointments in Indian Territory. Numerous Wichita tho inhabit reservations in Oklahoma today.

Portions from The Kansas Journey.

Entry: Wichitas

Author: Kansas Historical society

Author information: The Kansas Historical society is a state company charged with proactively safeguarding and also sharing the state"s history.

Date Created: February 2011

Date Modified: December 2017

The writer of this article is specifically responsible for its content.

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