You are watching: What does inri mean in english
Answer: The brand-new Testament go not provide a direct definition of INRI due to the fact that these letters stand for Latin, no Greek, words. The book of Matthew, however, walk tells us what was placed over Jesus" head when he to be on the cross. Pontius Pilate commanded that the following accusation be written over his head, "This is Jesus, the King of the Jews" (Matthew 27:37, HBFV throughout). This is plainly not INRI.
The gospels of mark (Mark 15:26) and also Luke (Luke 23:38) have comparable wording contrasted to Matthew. If the recommendations in Matthew and Mark perform not disclose to united state which languages the accusation was composed in, Luke and John carry out tell us. In John"s "version" of INRI he states that, hung over Jesus" head, was the phrase "Jesus the Nazarean, the King the the Jews" (John 19:19). This phrase was written in the languages of Hebrew, Greek and also Latin (verse 20).
As an interesting note, the phrase "King of the Jews" have the right to be found eighteen times in the four gospel accounts. The publication of man accounts for one 3rd of its brand-new Testament uses. The phrase is an initial used in the bible by the Persian Magi as soon as they to be seeking Christ in bespeak to worship him (Matthew 2:2).
One reason why the abbreviation INRI is supplied to stand for the charge versus Christ is that scholars typically used the wording presented in the Gospel of man as opposed to Matthew, Luke or Mark. They did this since they feeling the recommendation to Christ"s hometown that Nazareth, in the accusation versus him, to be a an ext complete and also accurate record of the charge versus him than the other three gospel accounts.
Another reason why INRI, extracted from the publication of John, is used is early to an early translation of the Scriptures right into the Latin language. Jerome, in the late 4th century A.D., interpreted the original language text of the bible to Latin, producing the Vulgate (Latin) translation. It came to be such an important translation because that the Catholics that, in the 16th century, they made the their main Bible. This translation had actually INRI in ~ it.
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So, just how does the Latin abbreviation INRI represent the main charge against Jesus, offered by the roman government, in stimulate to justify condemning him to obtain the fatality penalty?
The letter "I" represents Jesus" surname spelled Iesus. Strangely, also though Latin has a letter "J" in their alphabet, that was determined to assignment Christ"s name start with an "I." This is probably due to the fact that Greek and also Hebrew perform not have actually a letter "J" in their alphabets. The letter "N" in INRI means Nazarenvs, i beg your pardon in English is Nazareth or Nazarene.
The letter "R" means Rex, which translated is "king." The last letter "I" is an abbreviation for the word Ivdaeorum, which translated is "Jews" (again, utilizing "I" in ar of making use of of "J"). In English, the literal an interpretation or an interpretation of INRI is "Jesus Nazareth King Jews."