Dr. Brian Pollmann is the hospitalist because that Hutchinson Health. He focuses on cradle endoscopy and also some osteopathic manipulation therapy. Pollmann is a member the the American osteopathic Association and American college of Osteopathic family members Physicians. He defined the prefixes and suffixes in ours list, and also “unremarkable,” “negative,” and “ablasion” v “biopsy.”



Jennifer Abfalter, MA, RN-ACNS-BC, is a skilled practice and patient endure director in ~ Meeker Memorial Hospital in Litchfield. She characterized the terms “calcifications” v “intubate” in this story. As a resource, she turned to “Mosby’s thesaurus of Medicine, nursing & wellness Professions. Mosby’s education Consult, 2014 Elsevier.”


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Dr. Tyler Helland is a family members medicine physician who join Glencoe local Health solutions in October. He’s likewise an assistant football coach at Lester Prairie High School. He identified the state in the latter portion of our story, indigenous “lesion” to “transcutaneous.”


Does your physician use indigenous you don’t understand? Feel prefer you must run because that a thesaurus every time girlfriend visit the clinic?


To make feeling of this words, us asked for help from three neighborhood medical experts. They noted us through the adhering to definitions.

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So the next time girlfriend visit the clinic or hospital, you’ll recognize the difference between chronic and acute, and also you i will not ~ confuse negative with palliative.


And if you are still confused, nothing hesitate come ask her health care provider to explain any type of term. The or she wants you to recognize as much as you want or must know. That all component of the patient-provider partnership.


Hyper-: just as girlfriend think of her neighbor’s children, the same goes because that medicine. Also much! as well fast!


-itis: generally refers come inflammation or swelling. Often entails infection of some kind, however not necessarily. Examples: tonsillitis, appendicitis, diverticulitis


-plasty: Think plastic surgery. This method to mold, change, graft or type a specific component of the body. A nose job is known as a rhinoplasty.


Negative: usually referring come a medical test. Generally means that the check did not find anything abnormal.


Ablasion: to ablate or destroy! have the right to involve electricity, lasers (pew pew), or heat. This is offered as a method to damage abnormal or abnormally functioning tissue.


Acute: A descriptive hatchet that refers to the time of a medical condition. Acute is new or happening right now. Sick throats, influenza, and also bleeding are examples of acute illness.


Arrythmia: Technically characterized as a lack of love rhythm (we really don’t shock for this, no issue what they present on TV), in practice it is provided to specify an abnormal love rhythm (dysrhythmia).


Asymptomatic: absence of symptoms. It is often used in the paper definition of a patient having a problem, but not having any type of symptoms.


Benign: This one has actually mixed meanings in medicine. Most regularly used as soon as talking around a biopsy being non-cancerous.


Biopsy: acquisition a item of organization to look at under a microscope. A biopsy isn’t just used come look because that cancer. It is additionally helpful in other problems as well.


Calcifications: Calcifications room the buildup that calcium salt in our bodies. Normally, calcium is found in our bones and teeth, and in tiny amounts in our blood. Once a buildup the calcium occurs in places it shouldn’t, like our kidney or lungs, it can interfere v normal organ function.


Chronic: A chronic problem is miscellaneous that has been going on for a long while, and also will likely impact a human for the remainder of his/her life. Chronic is opposing of acute, which method an abrupt or suddenly onset.


Comorbidity: A comorbidity is two or an ext medical conditions existing in ~ the very same time. Because that example, you may have actually a damaged ankle with a comorbidity that diabetes.


Complete blood count: A complete blood counting or CBC is a typical blood test and is often ordered as a screening test because that bleeding, infection and many other conditions. A CBC steps the red blood cell and white blood cell counts in the blood.


Diagnosis of exclusion: no all conditions or conditions can be found by having actually a test, such together an x-ray or blood test. In some cases, the provider will look because that all possible causes of a symptom, and also if nothing is found, a “diagnosis that exclusion” is made. In other words, that a diagnosis got to by the process of eliminating all other possible causes.


Diuretic: A diuretic is a drug that is provided to help the body rid chin of fluid by urination. Occasionally medical problems such as heart failure cause our bodies to save too much fluid. A diuretic will attract out the liquid from the tissues, to the kidneys wherein it pipeline the body together urine.


Edema: Edema is the swelling and also buildup of fluid in our tissues. Edema have the right to be led to by countless different conditions. Edema causes our skin come stretch, swell and also weaken.


Efficacy: Efficacy is the ability of a drug or check to acquire the result desired. In various other words, efficacy defines how fine something works.


Embolism: an embolism is a serious problem when the blood flow in our ship becomes clogged by an embolus. There space different varieties of embolus, such together air, fluid, or gas. Another type of embolus is a tiny blood clot that breaks loosened from one component of the body, and also travels to the mind or lungs.


Hematoma: A hematoma is once blood collection in the human body tissues or in one organ. The bleeding may stop top top its very own from a buildup of pressure, yet a hematoma or difficult lump might remain because that a duration of time.


Hyperplasia: Hyperplasia is as soon as the body’s cells enter “overdrive” and produce an ext cells than room needed.


Iatrogenic: Iatrogenic is a condition or difficulty that is caused by a clinical procedure, clinical staff person, or by exposure in ~ a medical facility.


Intubate: The location of a one-of-a-kind tube right into the body, most commonly an airway pipe to help with breathing.


Lesion: This is a general term we usage to describe a structure abnormality. Sometimes we use this word if we think something is abnormal yet we are unsure what exactly it is. It might be a mole or a skin mark. It can be a bang under the skin or a tumor. It might be a polyp in the colon or within the abdomen.


Metastasize: This way to spread. Most generally we use this word once we talk about cancers. For instance a lung cancer starts with an abnormal expansion in the lung, but if the is left to grow on its own it will certainly eventually get in the blood present or lymphatic system and spread to a different part of the body. This is a very important change point for cancers. As soon as a cancer is uncovered to be just in the organ it started in, it is much more likely that it deserve to be taken out with surgical procedure or ruined with chemotherapy or radiation. ~ a cancer has actually spread to other parts that the human body (metastasized) it i do not care much less likely the it will ever be cured, though frequently there are treatments, specific chemotherapy, that have the right to be offered to slow the growth down.


Necrosis: Necrosis way the fatality of tissue. This wake up mostly because of a lack of blood supply. For instance an epidemic that eats away regular tissue will certainly sometimes destroy the blood supply and leave dead organization in the infected area. One more example is a tumor the grows so huge or quick that the blood it is provided can’t store feeding the all through nutrients that needs. Together a tumor will actually die in parts of the center and also become necrotic. This is crucial process that we deserve to use in diagnosing disease. For example a mammogram for breast cancer screening is an X-ray test of the chest that is actually searching for very small and subtle locations of beforehand necrosis that a chest tumor. Once a small component of the chest tumor dies it pipeline behind part calcium that have the right to be watched on the mammogram.


Nodule: A nodule is a lump or a bump. There are number of different types that can occur in different areas of the body. A pulmonary nodule is a little lump watched in the lungs on a CT scan or X-ray. A cutaneous nodule is a lump under the skin.


Noninvasive: Sometimes medical treatments or test are essential which enter the body, for instance a surgery. These interventions space riskier in that they may reason some damages to normal locations of the body simply by having the procedure done and also are stated to be invasive. Non-invasive things shouldn’t reason direct damages just by act the test or treatment, favor an ultrasound or X-ray or a medication.


Occlusion: Occlusion way that the circulation through a tube gets cut off or plugged up. Think of this choose a drainpipe pipe in the kitchen sink gaining clogged up. If an occlusion happens in the coronary arteries, the blood circulation to the heart, that is a love attack. Similar to the clogged drain pipe in the sink, the treatment is to shot to open up the clogged-up part and gain back the flow. Occlusions can take place in any kind of of the tubular frameworks in the body favor the intestine or airway, but most regularly we mean blockage the a blood vessel.


Palliative: Palliative method a treatment that is supposed to boost life however isn’t intended to healing the condition or also to make life last longer. This is vital word to understand, especially when we room talking around cancer. Periodically a treatment for a cancer is able to cure the disease and get rid of it forever. Various other times a treatment is intended to make the cancer thrive slower so it doesn’t cause problems but won’t get rid of the cancer. This goes earlier to the idea the after a cancer metastasizes that is often not curable. A great example that a palliative treatment is radiation therapy for a cancer that has actually spread come a bone and causing a most pain. Radiation might be able make that part of the tumor shrink and also cause less pain, however ultimately i will not ~ cure the cancer.


Pathogen: This is something that causes an transmittable disease. Pathogens are generally viruses and also bacteria that enter the body and cause an infection, usually through the respiratory tract tract, the skin, the urinary system, or the intestine. There room millions of great bacteria the live on our skin and in ours intestines that don’t reason harm and can even aid with digestion. Those bacteria room not pathogens together they space not leading to problems.


Pathology: Pathology is a ar in medicine which concentrates on using miscellaneous tests to number out if a sample taken turn off a human being is common or abnormal and also what the abnormality is. Once we talk about sending for circumstances a skin sample to pathology, what we space doing is sending out off a item of skin the we have actually removed to a specialist that works in a laboratory who deserve to look in ~ the cell in good detail through a microscopic lense or various other special test to figure out precisely what the abnormality is, if that is a mole or a skin cancer or part other type of problem.


Psychotropic: This is a very general term come mean any medication or drug which effects or changes the brain’s chemistry in together a way that can alter the brain’s perception of reality. There space multiple species of medications that have the right to do this. It can be harmful if supplied to obtain high, for example LSD or other street drugs. In medicine we sometimes use safer forms of psychotropic medications to law serious psychological illnesses such as schizophrenia or psychosis, in which us are transforming a disturbed tardy of fact to get earlier to a much more normal perception of reality.


Sarcoma: This method a tumor the grows from among the center layers of the human body (such together the bone, cartilage, muscle, fat), fairly than the lining components of the body (skin, bladder, lung intestine) which are referred to as adenomas.


Sclerosis: Sclerosis means stiffening. Athero-sclerosis means stiffening of blood vessels. Sclero-derma method stiffening of component of the skin. There space various species of abnormal stiffening the can take place in various parts of the body and cause problems.


Somatic: commonly we talk around somatic in regards to psychiatry. A psycho-somatic pain for instance would it is in a pain the is coming because that a misinterpretation that the signals of the brain rather than an really damage part of the body. This is daunting for modern medicine to understand in general. That is easy to understand just how a damaged bone would cause your mind to understand that there is ache in that component of the body. It no as straightforward to know why over there is pain taken by your brain without injury or damages going on. Come the human with psychosomatic pain, the pain is very real also without injury because the mind gets the last say, and also if the brain thinks there is pain, that hurts.


Stenosis: Stenosis method narrowing. Whereby occlusion method totally cut off, stenosis is narrowed but not completely cut off. Prefer occlusion this describes tubular structures in the human body such as blood vessels. A stenotic carotid artery is a narrowing in the blood ship going to the brain, i beg your pardon can result in lessened blood flow. In some cases stenosis can over time become more advanced and turn in to an occlusion, where a limitation in flow could be turning into no circulation at all. In various circumstances relying on where the stenosis is, it can sometimes be corrected to assist open things back up and also improve flow.


Thrombosis: Thrombosis way a gerean inside a blood vessel the is prevent blood flow. An example of this is a blood clot in the leg, i m sorry we contact a deep venous thrombosis. A thrombosis or blood clot that happens in the mind arteries is a stroke. Over there are numerous treatments because that thrombosis depending upon where in the human body it occurs.


Topical application: This is talking around the use of a medication or treatment placed right top top the affected area. Usually once we to speak topical we are definition that that is to be offered on the skin. Because that acne there space topical treatments that are put right ~ above the skin. There are additionally pills that you have the right to take to help acne, which would certainly not it is in a topical treatment also though the disorder is the the skin.


Toxicity: Toxicity means that over there is unintended damages to otherwise normal parts of the body. The dosing of medicine that we use to treat most disorders is designed to be the appropriate amount to help the disorder get better without doing damage to regular or unaffected components of the body. Pretty much every medication the I deserve to think of deserve to be toxicity if offered inappropriately or in an extremely high doses. Also over-the-counter pain and also fever medication like ibuprofen, which deserve to be really beneficial if taken appropriately can cause damage, or toxicity, come the kidney if take away in an extremely high doses.


Transcutaneous: Transcutaneous is a mix of two words. Trans way through. Cutaneous means skin. A transcutaneous procedure or therapy simply means that that is going with the skin to get to one of the depths structures. A transcutaneous injection goes with the class of the skin. A transcutaneous pace device is an electrical shock applied to the surface ar of the skin that travels with the skin and on come the heart where the signal can cause the heart to beat.

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