Rainforest FactsRainforests cover less than 2% the the Earth’s full surface area, yet they are residence to 50% of the Earth’s plants and animals.Rainforests once covered 14% that the Earth’s floor surface.Experts estimate that the last staying rainforests can be spend in much less than 40 years.The joined Nations approximates that end 100,000 acre of tropical are damaged each day.34% that the world’s intact forests are in Latin America.11 tropical Latin American countries have currently destroyed every one of their intact forests. They are: The Bahamas, Dominica, El Salvador, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica,Martinique, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and also Tobago, St. Lucia and Uruguay.There are two varieties of rainforest; temperate and also tropical rainforestsThe people has lost 50% or 75 million acres of it’s warm rainforest.Temperate forests are the many endangered forest type on the planet.British Columbia is residence to a quarter of the world’s remaining ancient temperate rainforests90% the the logging in brother Columbia occurs in intimidated forestsOver 40% that the trees cut in brother Columbia are used to create paper.The earliest living thing on earth is a bristolcone pine tree tree in Nevada. That is 4,700 year old!Rainforest and also the EnvironmentRainforests are the world’s thermostat because they control weather patterns and temperatures.The Amazon Rainforest produces an ext than 20% of the world’s oxygen.The Amazon basin contains 20% of the world’s fresh water.Rainforest and also MedicinesOut of the 3,000 plants the U.S. National Cancer academy has identified as helpful in the therapy of cancer, 70% of these plants are uncovered only in rainforests.25% that the ingredients consisted of in western Pharmaceuticals are derived from the Rainforest.Less 보다 one percent that the tropic rainforest types have actually been analyzed for your medicinal value.Vincristine, extract from the rainforest plant, periwinkle, is one of the world"s most an effective anticancer drugs. The has dramatically increased the survival rate for acute childhood leukemia due to the fact that its discovery.Rainforest and FoodAt least 80% that the arisen world’s food source in the tropic rainforest. That bountiful presents to the civilization include fruits favor avocados, coconuts, figs, oranges, lemons, grapefruit, bananas, guavas, pineapples, mangos and tomatoes; vegetables including corn, potatoes, rice, winter squash and yams; spices favor black pepper, cayenne, chocolate, cinnamon, cloves, ginger, sugar cane, tumeric, coffee and also vanilla and nuts consisting of Brazil nuts and also cashews.At the very least 3000 fruit are found in the rainforests; that these, just 200 are currently in use in the western World. The indians of the rainforest usage over 2,000.Rainforest plants are rich in an additional metabolites, an especially alkaloids. Biochemists believe alkaloids protect plants from an illness and insect attacks. Many alkaloids from higher plants have proven to it is in of medicine value and also benefit.Rainforest and also SpeciesA usual four square mile area the rainforest contains as numerous as 1,500 flower plants, 750 varieties of trees, 400 species of birds and also 150 varieties of butterflies.Deforestation reasons the lose of over 137 plant, animal and also insect species per day. That is end 50,000 species per yearAt the current rate the tropical forest loss, 5-10 percent of tropical rainforest species will be lost per decade.There are much more species the fish in the Amazon than in the Atlantic Ocean.Rainforest and ValueOver a 50-year lifetime, a tree generates $31,250 precious of oxygen, gives $62,000 precious of air contamination control, recycles $37,500 worth of water, and controls $31,250 worth of floor erosion.
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but this is only component of the value……Experts agree that by leaving the tropical intact and harvesting it"s plenty of nuts, fruits, oil-producing plants, and also medicinal plants, the rainforest has an ext economic worth than if they were reduced down to make grazing soil for cattle or for timber.The latest statistics show that rainforest land converted to cattle operations returns the soil owner $60 every acre and also if wood is harvested, the floor is worth $400 per acre. However, if these renewable and sustainable resources are harvested, the land will certainly yield the floor owner $2,400 per acre.Promoting the use of this sustainable and renewable sources could stop the damage of the rainforests. By creating a new source of revenue harvesting the medicinal plants, fruits nuts, oil and other sustainable resources, the tropical is be much more valuable alive than cut and burned.Sufficient need of sustainable and also ecologically harvested rainforest assets is vital for preservation efforts to succeed. Purchasing sustainable rainforest products can impact positive adjust by developing a sector for these commodities while sustaining the aboriginal people"s economy and provides the economic solution and alternate to cut the woodland just for the value of that timber.Paper ConsumptionFor centuries, record was a rare and also precious commodity.Today, file is a basic part that life and also its existence is taken because that granted.Each year, the human being produces an ext than 300 million lots of paper.The united States annually consumes 4 million tons of copy paper, 2 billion books, 350 million magazines and 25 billion newspapers.U.S. Families receive almost 90 billion pieces of advertising "junk mail" in a year.Proof the our document addiction is in our rubbish cans—paper comprises 40 percent the U.S. Municipal hard waste.Paper FactsEach human in the United states uses about 750 pounds of document each year. This equals approximately 187 billion pounds every year.4 billion tree are cut down each year just to satisfy the world’s document needs. This lot represents just 35% the the yes, really trees reduced down.The human being consumes around 300 million tons of file each year.Between 70 and 100 percent of trees offered to make papers are reduced from virgin forests.Ninety percent of every logging in Canada is clear cutting.There are 1,580 day-to-day newspapers in the U.S. Through a circulation total of 61 million. There room 875 Sunday papers with a total circulation that 62 million.The new York times Sunday edition alone uses roughly 75,000 trees every edition.Only 10% the the global document stream goes right into “cultural memory”.The world consumes five times more file now than in 1950.Most the the world’s record supply, about 71 percent, is no made from timber harvested at tree farms but from forest-harvested timber, from areas with ecologically valuable, biologically varied habitat.Tree plantations host around 90 percent fewer varieties than the woodlands that preceded them.Global manufacturing in the pulp, record and publishing sector is intended to increase by 77% indigenous 1995 to 2020.Industrialized nations, through 20 percent that the world’s population, consume 87 percent of the world’s printing and writing papers.Of the worldwide wood harvest for “industrial uses” (everything but fuelwood) 42% goes to file production, a proportion expected to prosper by more than 50 percent in the next 50 years.The file industry is the largest consumer of forests in the southerly US, right now logging an estimated 5 million acres of woodlands (an area the size of brand-new Jersey) each year.75% that the tree plantations developed in the last two decades have been created at the cost of organic forests.More 보다 40 percent that logged tree is used for paper.All recycled documents now account for much less than 10 percent of the record market.Carbon Facts
World population and ConsumptionIt took almost every one of human background – until the at an early stage 1800s – to with a worldwide population that 1 billion people on Earth, and today there are 6.5 exchange rate of us! The populace has grown much more since 1950 than in the previous 4 million years! We are adding about 74 million people per year come the planet, and the United nations predicts the we will reach roughly 9 billion people by mid-century.With just 5% the the world’s population, the U.S. Consumes 25% of practically all an international resources. Such a disproportionate "ecological footprint" way that a human born in the United claims will have actually 280 times the environmental impact as a person born in Haiti.If the entire civilization consumed sources at the average consumption level of a citizens of the joined States, us would require 4 Earths to support us all!
Trees and also CarbonIf every American household planted simply one tree, the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere would be diminished by one exchange rate pounds annually. This is almost 5% of the amount the human task pumps right into the environment each year.Planting tree remains among the cheapest, many effective method of illustration excess CO2 indigenous the atmosphere.A single mature tree have the right to absorb carbon dioxide in ~ a rate of 48 lbs./year and also release enough oxygen ago into the setting to assistance 2 person beings.Each human in the U.S. Generates approximately 2.3 loads of CO2 each year. A healthy tree stores about 13 pounds that carbon each year -- or 2.6 loads per acre each year. An acre of trees absorbs sufficient CO2 over one year to equal the amount created by control a vehicle 26,000 miles. An calculation of carbon emitted per auto mile is in between 0.88 lb. CO2/mi. – 1.06 lb. CO2/mi. (Nowak, 1993). Thus, a automobile driven 26,000 miles will emit between 22,880 lbs CO2 and also 27,647 lbs. CO2.Facts Footnotes
i Roadmap to Recovery: The world’s last intact woodland landscapes, Greenpeace, march 2006
ii Roadmap come Recovery: The world’s last intact forest landscapes, Greenpeace, march 2006
iii civilization Resources Institute, 1997
iv human being Resources Institute
v BC ministry of Forests
through industries Initiative, 2001
viii source Conservation Alliance
ix Minnesota Daily, frank Erickson
x Minnesota Daily, candid Erickson
xi Minnesota Daily, open minded Erickson
xii natural Capitalism, Dudley & Stolton 1996;cited in Brown 1997 at 68, n.12. Prof. Paul Barten the the Yale school of Forestry and Environmental Studies estimates this as around 100 acres of pulp trees.
xiii natural Capitalism
xiv herbal Capitalism , United countries Food and agriculture Organization 1995
xv towards a Sustainable record Cycle: an Independent examine on the Sustainability of the Pulp and record Industry, 1996
xvi (Allen Hershkowitz, Bronx Ecology, p. 75, 2002)
xvii (OECD ecological Outlook. Paris: OECD, 2001, p.215)
xviii (Klaus Toepfer, executive Director, united Nations atmosphere Programme, Keynote resolve UNEP’s 7th worldwide High Level Seminar top top Cleaner Production, 29-30 April 2002.)
xix (Abramovitz, “Paper Cuts”, WorldWatch academy 1999, p. 124)
xx (USDA Forest business Southern Forest resource Assessment 2001, hereafter described as SFRA 2001)
xxi (USFS, SFRA 2001)
xxii resource Conservation Alliance
xxiii source Conservation Alliance
xxiv national Wildlife Foundation
xxv national Wildlife Foundation
xxvi American Forestry combination Tree Facts: cultivation Greener Cities, 1992.
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xxvii Prow, Tina, “The strength of Trees”, Human environmental Research laboratory at university of Illinois.
xxviii McAliney, Mike. Disagreements for soil Conservation:Documentation and also Information resources for Land resources Protection, to trust for publicly Land, Sacramento, CA, December, 1993
xxix Nowak, David J., “Benefits of ar Trees”, (Brooklyn Trees, USDA Forest company General technical Report)