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One ar that only sometimes showed up on my U.S. Capitol tours to be the Senate reception Room. It\"s no that that wasn\"t precious seeing -- it\"s a beautiful decorated an are -- yet it compelled a bit of a detour uneven I was taking world onto the Senate floor, so if the Senate was in session ns usually simply passed it by. Those that did check out it got look at portraits of 4 of the biggest U.S. Senators of every time, and additionally of john C. Calhoun.

You are watching: What is the 36 30 line

The Senate agree Room is on mine mind today due to the fact that one of the four is Henry Clay, and I just started a book in i m sorry Henry Clay guarantees to pat a significant role: A evil War: Polk, Clay, Lincoln, and also the 1846 U.S. Invasion of Mexico through Amy S. Greenberg. The publication came the end last year, however I had actually shied far from it because a review I read said Greenberg was unduly harsh towards President Polk, i m sorry is something i don\"t take it kindly to. However I witnessed that the ebook edition can be obtained from the WPLC Digital Library, therefore I chose to give it a try, promise myself I\"d keep an open mind regardless of Greenberg\"s deemed Polk-hating.

But it\"s hard to store an open mind once you\"re analysis a history of 19th century America and you run across a passage prefer this:

Missouri damage of 1820 calmed a sectional firestorm by preserving the balance of slave and totally free states while also limiting the future spread of enslavement to southern of the Mason-Dixon line.

Oy. In a specific hyper-technical feeling this is no wholly inaccurate, yet the Missouri Compromise had actually nothing at all to carry out with the Mason-Dixon Line. The Missouri Compromise accomplished two things. First, it at the same time admitted Maine and also Missouri to the Union, therefore preserving a balance between free and slave states. Second, it drew a heat at parallel 36°30\" phibìc -- about speaking, the southerly border the Kentucky and Virginia, and also the northernmost border the Texas -- and also decreed the slavery can not spread above that line. (It was allow to stay there, though, and did till 1865.)

The Mason-Dixon Line, ~ above the other hand, was drawn in between 1763 and also 1767 and defines the parts of the borders of four states: Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, and also West Virginia. The east-west part of the line, developing the southern boarder that Pensylvania, doesn\"t follow an exact line that latitude, but it\"s approximately at parallel 39°43\" north. That\"s why I said the quote above is no wholly inaccurate; the Missouri deteriorate line is unquestionably southern of the Mason-Dixon Line, by around 220 miles. But the implication of Greenberg\"s explain is that the Missouri weaken would have allowed slavery come spread right into what is currently Kansas or Colorado, since both are below the Mason-Dixon Line, i m sorry in reality it would certainly not have, due to the fact that they\"re over 36°30\".

So this is a large mistake. Yet you know, mistakes happen, and naming one famous line once you mean an additional maybe isn\"t the a large a deal. It\"s kind of choose the time i heard Sen. Barbara Mikulski say she was a huge supporter the Barack Obiden. It to be a slip of the tongue in print.

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Except Greenberg might genuinely believe that the Mason-Dixon Line has something to do with slavery. From chapter 7:

Benjamin was among the number of African Americans functioning in the Hardins\" Jacksonville mansion in ~ the begin of the war. The Hardins brought slaves with them when they relocated from Kentucky in 1831 after your marriage, and also others were left come the couple when Sarah\"s mom died. Return they live north of the Mason-Dixon Line, the legal standing of this African american was far from clear.

First that all, the Mason-Dixon line ends once it access time the west border the Pennsylvania so saying that anything west that that suggest is above or below the heat is type of meaningless. If we pretend the Mason-Dixon heat does expand past that point, then it\"s true the Jacksonville is north of the line.

But so what? The Mason-Dixon Line had actually nothing to perform with slavery. It wasn\"t attracted to demarcate slave claims from free, nor was it ever before used legally for that purpose. Yes, once Pennsylvania denomination slavery, the east-west portion of the line came to be seen in the popular creativity as the boundary between the slave and totally free states, but it wasn\"t; slavery continued to be legal north and also east of the Pennsylvania border ideal up until the ratification the the 13th amendment in 1865. Therefore Jacksonville gift north of the Mason-Dixon Line has no bearing on whether slavery was legal there. Yet unless Greenberg think it did, ns can\"t recognize why she even mentioned it.

Anyway, I plan to store reading, yet I fear the well\"s to be poisoned. It\"s going to be tough for me come take really seriously.