Angiosperms, additionally called flowering plants, have actually seeds that space enclosed in ~ an ovary (usually a fruit), while gymnosperms have actually no flower or fruits, and have unenclosed or “naked” seed on the surface ar of scale or leaves. Gymnosperm seeds are frequently configured together cones. The qualities that identify angiosperms native gymnosperms incorporate flowers, fruits, and endosperm in the seeds.

Comparison chart

Angiosperms versus Gymnosperms comparison chart
AngiospermsGymnospermsDefinition Seeds Life cycle Reproductive system Leaves Wood Periniality Reproduction Uses
Seed-producing flowering plants whose seeds are enclosed within an ovary.

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Seed-producing non-flowering plants who seeds space unenclosed or “naked.”
Enclosed within an ovary, normally in a fruit. Bare, no enclosed; discovered on scales, leaves or together cones.
Seasonal (die during autumn/fall). Evergreen
Present in flowers; have the right to be unisexual or bisexual Cones; unisexual
Flat scalelike , needle-like
Hardwood Softwood
Non-perinnial Perinnial
Mostly depend on pollinators. Mostly depend on wind.
Medications , food, clothing, etc... Paper, timber , etc...


Hundreds of countless years ago, gymnosperms to be the only kind of plant life top top Earth. In between 250 and 200 million year ago, angiosperms began to evolve. Now, angiosperms are much more widely distributed and also populous, and can be considered the dominant plant life on the planet. Angiosperms consist of a far much more diverse variety of plants, through a range of 250,000 come 400,000 species. Lock inhabit every type of land and aquatic atmosphere except the most excessive habitats. Angiosperms might be dicots or monocots.

Examples of Angiosperms and also Gymnosperms

Examples that angiosperms room monocots like lilies, orchids, agaves (known because that agave nectar) and grasses; and dicots choose roses, peas, sunflowers, oaks and maples.

Gymnosperm examples encompass non-flowering evergreen tree such together pine, spruce and also fir.


Apple tree, a flowering, fruit-bearing angiosperm

Everyday flower garden plants are angiosperms

Gymnosperm types number just in the thousands, through a little more than 1,000 extant species. They are found in desert come semi-desert habitats.


Pine tree, a gymnosperm through needle-like leaves and a cone

Anatomical Differences

Since gymnosperms and angiosperms room both vascular plants, they have a sporophyte-dominant life-cycle.

Tissue development in angiosperms above the amount and also complexity discovered in gymnosperms. Angiosperms have a triploid vascular tissue, flat leaves in numerous shapes and hardwood stems. Because of the innumerable ranges of the fruit and/or flower-bearing plants, they have variegated colors and also shapes the leaves, flowers and fruits.

Gymnosperms are haploid, have spiky, needle-like leaves and are softwood. Gymnosperms space "simpler" anatomically since they perform not bear flower or fruit, and also although of different species, space usually just tall evergreens v brown cones.

More details around the anatomical differences in between angiosperms and gymnosperms are explained in the complying with video:


Reproduction in angiosperms can be unisexual or bisexual. The gametes are spread by wind and also by insect and animal pollinators attracted by their flowers. Flowers frequently have both female and male gametes within them, and also after fertilization, the ovules build into a fruit.

The gametes of gymnosperms are uncovered in cones. Fertilization is explained as single; the pollen grains fall and germinate directly on the ovules. Pollen spores are spread through wind alone.


Angiosperms carry out virtually all plant-based food, and most livestock feed. Grains, fruit, legumes, nightshades (including potatoes and also tomatoes), gourds, and also cabbages room all angiosperms. Other angiosperms choose cotton and flax provide file and textiles. The hardwood of angiosperms is used to make hardwood floors.

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Gymnosperms indigenous the conifer group like pine, spruce, and also fir are typically used for lumber. Various other gymnosperms are processed right into other products like soap, varnish, and perfumes.