El Salvador is the smallest country in main America and is smaller than the state of Massachusetts.

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OFFICIAL NAME: Republic that El SalvadorFORM the GOVERNMENT: RepublicCAPITAL: mountain SalvadorPOPULATION: 6,187,271OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Spanish, NahuaMONEY: U.S. DollarAREA: 8,123 square mile (21,041 square kilometers)

El Salvador is the smallest country in main America and also is smaller sized than the state that Massachusetts. This mountainous nation is bordered by the Pacific Ocean, Guatemala, and Honduras.

Known together the land of Volcanoes, El Salvador has constant earthquakes and also volcanic activity. It is the only nation in main America that does not have actually a shore on the Caribbean Sea.

Map developed by National geographic Maps



About half of every Salvadorans live in the countryside. They room poor and don’t have electricity or to run water in their homes. Most of the wealthy households live in san Salvador in houses and also apartments.

The federal government offers complimentary education to kids up to the nine grade, yet many families cannot purchased the price of supplies and transportation.

About three million Salvadorans live in the unified States and also send money house to El Salvador.

About 90 percent of Salvadorans are mestizo, progeny of Spanish and also Indian ancestors. Nine percent case Spanish descent.

Rice, beans, and also tortillas space the main foods in El Salvador. Most civilization cannot afford meat and do not have sufficient food come eat every day. Malnutrition is a leading reason of death amongst the negative rural people.

Soccer is really popular in El Salvador.


NATURE


The woodlands of El Salvador have actually been reduced down because that firewood, coffee plantations, and for the structure of homes. The result is the devastation of wildlife habitats in El Salvador.

Along the seaside plains, there space palm trees and also tropical fruit trees, such together mango, coconut, and also tamarind. Armadillos, snakes, and also iguanas likewise inhabit the warm, humid coast.

High in the mountains, at the 7,931-foot (2,417-meter) summit the Monte Cristo Mountain, is a cloud woodland in the worldwide nature preserve of El Trifinio. The governments of Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras are trying to defend this rain forest.

The cloud forest is home to orchids, ferns, spider monkeys, jaguars, anteaters, and also many bird species, including eco-friendly toucans.




Left: El Salvadoran Flag
Right: El Salvador supplies the U.S. Dollar together its official unit that currency.
Photograph through AP Images, U.S. Dept. The the Treasury

GOVERNMENT & ECONOMY


The president and also vice chairman are elected on the same ticket by renowned vote for one, five-year term. The current president, Mauricio funes Cartagena, is both the cook of state and also head the government.

El Salvador"s democratic government has included manufacturing jobs—but faces the challenges of poverty, crime, and natural disasters.

Coffee, sugar, corn, rice, shrimp, and also beef room the main farming products in El Salvador.


HISTORY


The Olmecs involved the region in 2000 B.C., followed by the Maya in 1500 B.C. Once the Maya human being ended in 900 A.D., the Toltec empire took organize in El Salvador. In the 11th century, the Pipil people came to be the leading group in El Salvador till the Spanish conquerors landed.

The Spanish took over in 1528 and also forced the native human being to become servants. El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and full self-reliance in 1841.

Economic inequality brought about the civil war in 1980. Plenty of Salvadorans, rich and poor, fled come the unified States. The 12-year civil war, i beg your pardon cost around 75,000 lives, finished in 1992 when the government and also leftist rebels signed a contract that detailed for military and political reforms.


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