They can share one island, yet the Dominican Republic and Haiti couldn"t be more different. If the previous is a well-known tourist destinations in the Caribbean, Haiti is among the poorest nations in the world.
You are watching: What two countries occupy the island of hispaniola
Palm trees, sandy beaches stretching for miles, a excellent blue sea – at first glance, the Dominican Republic seems like a genuine paradise. Several million tourists visit the country each year. Yet the stunning landscape and the luxurious many hotels mask the fact that the Dominican Republic actually belongs come the less wealthy nations in Latin America, and that it shares a border with Haiti, the poorest country in the west world.
Around 4 million tourists travel to the Dominican Republic every year
though Haiti and the Dominican Republic re-publishing an island, they remain human beings apart. That"s seen, for instance, in the infrastructure. "The Dominican Republic has proper streets so the you can obtain from one ar to one more without major problems," Heinz Oelers, an skilled on Latin America at the Christian charity Misereor says. In Haiti, ~ above the various other hand, "you regularly need an hour simply to take trip a couple of kilometers," the adds. It"s a comparable picture in other locations too. According to the joined Nations, only around 50 percent of Haitians have the right to read and write (as protest to almost 90 percent in bordering Dominican Republic) and child mortality rates in Haiti space three times higher than in the Dominican Republic. Climate adjust hits Haiti hard The huge differences between the two nations play a direct role in how far they are affected by climate adjust and just how they"re dealing with the consequences. Haiti"s substantial coastline makes it especially vulnerable to hurricanes. Due to the fact that all the country"s large cities are situated on the coast, floods frequently have dramatic repercussions. The weak facilities hampers quick shipment of assist and emergency help during herbal catastrophes. As a result, part 220,000 civilization were killed throughout an earthquake in at an early stage 2010.
Most civilization in Haiti live in shanty towns that room dotted approximately the country
Since no Haitian city has a consistent electricity supply, for numerous residents wood continues to be the most important source of energy. That"s one factor why the island"s woodland cover has largely disappeared. The bare mountains lead to solid rains washing far the soil cover. That consequently makes life worse because that the regional residents due to the fact that Haiti is densely populated and also heavily rural. thick vegetation is essential to store the soil intact, Heinz Oelers says. To do that "you might for instance incorporate forestry and also food crop cultivation," he says. "Instead of farming grain on big areas, you could turn to cultivating fruits such together cassava, bananas and also avocados that prosper well in the Tropics." Different early american pasts for this reason just exactly how did two surrounding island countries turn the end so differently? The key reasons lie in the region"s history. The whole island that Hispaniola was long under Spanish dominance until 1697, once the Spanish rulers handed end the western 3rd of the island to France. The area called “Saint-Domingue” became the wealthiest French colony. Numerous thousands the African slaves were lugged there to assist in the manufacturing of sugar, coffee, coco and cotton. In 1791, the region witnessed a servant rebellion. Quickly after, enslavement was denomination and, adhering to a brutal war of liberation, the an ar finally got independence in 1804. Saint-Domingue was renamed Haiti.
About 2 thirds that Haiti"s population make a living from farming
but the former swarm faced a mountain of challenges. The huge estates were divided among the populace and soon, virtually every Haitian owned some land. But hardly anyone can live indigenous it since the allotments were too little and the brand-new owners struggled to agree top top a shared administration of the land. The difficulty was compounded by Haiti"s ethnically varied population. "The slaves came from end a hundred different ethnic groups and also originally had actually nothing to execute with every other," Oliver Gliech, an skilled on Haiti at the Latin America institute at the complimentary University in Berlin, says. "For centuries, they"ve experienced how power was brutally practiced and also legitimized," the says. It"s small wonder that the bloody wars in the 19th century were complied with by rebellions, politics upheaval and also coups and also frequently an altering self-proclaimed monarchs and dictators, that adds. The pattern has ongoing in the country till today. Preserving setting the key when the Spaniards had exploited numerous raw products from their component of the island, many of the settlers relocated on to Mexico. The Spanish swarm “Santo Domingo,” i m sorry later became the Dominican Republic, soon happened dominated by breed cub farming. "There, a homogenous society of Spanish descent v a an extremely slim course of African servants developed," Oliver Gliech says. Gliech says the under ethnic distinctions are one factor why the Dominican Republic, that got independence later on than Haiti, soon ended up being much more stable than its neighbor, both economically and politically. despite it did endure its same share that dictators and civil wars, the Dominicans have regulated in the last 50 years to create a halfway autonomous political system. Travel now forms the backbone of the country"s economy, bringing much needed revenue.
Poverty and also political chaos room hampering Haiti"s development
That"s other Haiti is still far removed from. Reforestation projects could be one concrete step to help the crisis-plagued nation get earlier on the feet again. Forested areas also assist prevent landslides with floods and storms, which have been top top the rise in the region due come climate change. together opposed to that, the Dominican Republic has actually paid much more attention to preserving its environment. Due to the significantly improved living conditions there, many Haitians shot to find work and also asylum in the bordering country. Despite the Dominican Republic isn"t among Latin America"s wealthier countries, for numerous Haitians it"s simply paradise.
Opinion: Reconstruction and recovery in Haiti require the people"s support
Every disaster offers an opportunity, numerous politicians hope. Because that Haiti, the disastrous earthquake i m sorry struck in January is an alleged to cause a brand-new social and also economic begin for the nation. But the reality is different. (14.04.2010)
Haitian women take rebuilding into their own hands
After the earthquake that devastated Haiti, women, especially, joined pressures to rebuild without wait for the weak state to step in. Three years on, their work is far from over. (10.01.2013)
Environment Podcast: on the environment-friendly Fence
Over 70 exchange rate land pets are slaughtered globally per year, v dire consequences for the environment. Meat eaters Neil King and Gabriel Borrud face uncomfortable truths as they seek means out of the meat paradox.
Indonesian village living in shadow of palm oil
Rukam"s residents thought offering their land come a palm oil company would lug wealth, yet the atmosphere has suffered.
As an international heating intensifies, the danger that us may shed our woodlands altogether has actually never been greater. Indian-born forester Somidh Saha is top top a mission to conserve Germany"s dying forests.
See more: Which Compromise Combined Parts Of The New Jersey And Virginia Plans
Locals have expressed issue over negative attention after numerous dolphins to be killed. Preservation activists have dubbed the 400-year-old legacy cruel.
With lot of the climate conversation centered roughly cutting carbon dioxide, much less attention is paid to a an ext potent, less common and sometimes smellier greenhouse gas: methane.