L>Chicano! A background of the mexico American Civil rights Movement.
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Chicano! history of the mexico American Civil rights Movement.

You are watching: What was the goal of the chicano movement that arose in areas with large hispanic populations

Video. NLCC educational Media, 1996.
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From Chicano!
The 1960s to be a unstable decade in American history, fraught with disputes over isssues indigenous Civil rights to the war in Vietnam. The mexican American Civil rights Movement, among the least studied social motions of the 1960s, encompassed a vast cross section of issues—from restoration of land grants, come farm employees rights, to magnified education, to voting and political rights. The video clip documentary Chicano! background of the mexico American Civil legal rights Movement, a four-part documentary series, corrects this oversight. Ground-breaking for the product it covers, the series is among the few to attend to the background of mexico Americans in general and also that the the Chicano motion in particular; the is one indispensable source for scholars and also students. Chicano! provides one a feeling of the farming unrest of the mexican American population. Us witness, literally before our eyes, the emerging awareness of collective history, the power of massive action, and the advancement of the Chicano Movement. We discover that it starts in new Mexico through Reies L�pez Tijerina and the land give movement, is choose up by Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales in Denver who specifies the meaning of Chicano v his epic poem I am Joaquin, embraces C�sar Ch�vez and also the farm workers, turns to the battles of the metropolitan youth, and also culminates in cultivation political awareness and also participation with La Raza Unida Party.
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Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales from Chicano!28.8K | 56K | Cable
Part 1, "Quest because that a Homeland," examines the beginnings of the movement by profiling Reies Lopez Tijerina and the land approve movement in brand-new Mexico in 1966 and 1967. That shows how Tijerina"s hit to to convince the federal government to honor the contract of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) galvanized Mexicans and Mexican Americans across the Southwest. It climate moves ~ above to discuss Rodolfo (Corky) Gonzales and also his founding of the Crusade for Justice in Denver in 1966. Focusing on the prestige of his poem I am Joaquin, it highlights how Gonzales reached out to Chicano youth. This segment is valuable for its conversation of the root of Chicano nationalism through its affirmation of cultural identity grounded in Aztec myths such together that that Aztl�n, the mythical Chicano homeland. Part 2, "The battle in the Fields," examines the prestige of C�sar Ch�vez and also his efforts to to organize farm workers in the central valley that California. It delineates the various components of Ch�vez"s strategy for farm yard worker self determination—strikes, boycotts, pilgrimages, fasts—and emphasizes his commitment come nonviolence and the importance of faith and also prayer in afford his goal.Part 3, "Taking back the Schools," is the ideal of the four parts. It covers the Los Angeles high school blow outs the 1968 thoroughly and also with passion. Component 3 is also likely to be the most amazing to students due to the fact that they deserve to witness young civilization their own age forcefully agitating for change.
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Robert Kennedy through Harry Gamboa indigenous Chicano!28.8K | 56K | Cable
It is also striking since the catalysts because that the walk outs—high drop the end rate, not correct schools, lack of mexico American teachers—still resonate today. This segment is visually interesting too because the filmmakers do a conscious effort to interview really participants (which they perform in every the segments). Here they in reality go ago and forth in between a picture or video of a participant from the 1960s to the same person being interviewed today, and also it is insightful come see exactly how that individual readjusted in the intervening thirty years. For example, at one suggest the video clip discusses how the students to be trying to garner exterior support because that their cause in stimulate to legit it in the eyes of the school board. Robert Kennedy agrees to accomplish with student leaders and offer his assistance (he was running for president at the time and was in California to satisfy with C�sar Ch�vez), and we view a picture of Kennedy surrounding by student leaders. The camera then concentrates on a young Harry Gamboa—one of the walk-out leaders—standing beside Kennedy and also the video clip then fades away to a present day interview with him.Part 4, "Fighting for Political Power," discusses the production of La Raza Unida Party as a 3rd party force for political power and the prestige of political rights. It culminates in the 1972 election and the Raza Unida convention, and also the fragmentation that the party at the elevation of that membership and also recognition.Each of these hour-long parts may be perceived individually. (It would, in fact, be very rare because that a teacher to have the ability to devote all 4 hours to course time, also one specifically taking care of Chicano history.)
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The contract of Guadalupe Hidalgo from Chicano!28.8K | 56K | Cable
Nearly every segment, come its credit, treats the historical background surrounding the events. For example, "Quest because that a Homeland" briefly discusses the mexican American War and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and also why Tijerina felt the he was ideal to fight for the land. Similarly, "Fighting because that Political Power" describes the inequities that voting legal rights in Texas along with the history of unequal circulation of political power in crystal City, Texas, the birth location of La Raza Unida Party. Regardless of the truth that mexico Americans comprised the majority of the population in the city, no among Mexican descent organized political office. Chicano! is very an excellent at explaining the plight of mexico Americans historically and during the Chicano Movement. The collection provides a keen feeling of what the was favor to have brown skin in the 1960s. One interviewee, for example, remembers that farm employees were assumed of together ignorant, lazy, stupid, and dirty. In an additional segment, a 2nd interviewee recalls the being Mexican was a burden—Mexican american were no respectedand to be treated together second-class citizens.As with most documentaries, Chicano! makes excellent use of picture archives and film footage of the period. It succeeds where plenty of documentaries fail in the the filmmakers to be able come interview the actual participants in the events, as opposed to only scholars of the subject. Furthermore, the documentary series is to be commended for attempting to provide a well balanced portrait that events. In the segment ~ above the farm workers and C�sar Ch�vez, we hear from farm owner whose develop was boycotted and also land picketed in ~ the elevation of the protests. Similarly, for the segment ~ above the Los Angeles high school walk outs the 1968, the filmmakers interviewed both institution board members and also high institution officials who were there at the time.Not just do the four segments illuminate distinct elements of the motion (land, farm workers, politics, city issues, education), yet they additionally attempt to delineate the diversity the the Chicano movement not simply through causes, but additionally through geography and also demographics. The viewer learn of rural troubles in California which room in stark comparison to those of new Mexico. The documentary distinguishes in between issues surrounding the high college walk outs in L.A., together opposed come those behind the Crystal City, Texas walk outs. The former emerged over drop-out rates and also lack of recognition of Chicano culture and history, the latter as result of Chicanas being barred indigenous cheerleading. The students from L.A. Never ever really had actually their comes to addressed, when the college student in crystal City won your cause, leading in part to the galvanization of the Raza Unida Party. We find out of the differing politics agendas of Chicano leaders throughout the Southwest: Colorado, Texas, brand-new Mexico, and California (Arizona is conspicuously left out of the equation).While the conversation of the vast spectrum of issues throughout the Southwest is a stamin of the series, that is likewise a weakness. Those whose just exposure to mexican American background is v this series, would be left through the impression the Mexican Americans just live in the Southwest and also that only the states covered had energetic Chicano movements. This, of course, is not the case.
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Alurista from Chicano!
Strong Chicano and also Mexican American neighborhoods exist throughout the country and nearly all of them, particularly those in the Midwest, agitated for change. Castle all had their own movements at the local level and participated in activities at the national level. This shortcoming is, the course, a role of the series" length, and the filmmakers carry out make token referrals to various other parts that the country. Because that example, throughout a segment top top the Crusade because that Justice and also the an initial Chicano Youth Conference in Denver in 1967, the poet Alurista remarks exactly how he was amazed to see so countless Chicanos from all over the country, also Kansas. "I didn"t know," that remarks incredulously, "there were any kind of Mexicans in Kansas!" Similarly, in the series" discussion of the expansion of La Raza Unida Party, narrator Henry Cisneros notes that chapters that the party proliferated throughout the country, even in Nebraska.

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What the separation, personal, instance videos carry out not do, however, is talk about the outcomes that the occasions in concern or your significance.
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Reies L�pez Tijerina native Chicano!
In component 1, "Quest because that a Homeland," the filmmakers move from pointing out Tijerina and the concern of land grants to Corky Gonzales and the Crusade for Justice. The shift is fine, however we never find out what occurred to Tijerina and his cause. The viewer is left hanging, with no information. This additionally occurs in part 3 "Taking earlier the Schools." This segment follows the succession of events that brought about the Los Angeles student walk outs of 1968, culminating in the galvanization of the community to have Sal Castro, a teacher who sustained the go outs, reinstated after gift fired by the institution board. We space treated to video clip of the students" take it over and also sit in the the college board and their ultimate success in having actually Castro re-hired, yet we are never ever told what occurred with the students" initial demands that the institution board (bilingual education, mexico American history courses, an ext Mexican American teachers). The film would have you think that the walk outs to be a success due to the fact that the community came together in support of Castro. It never goes top top to describe that the state that the schools remained virtually the same.
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