The 11th century refers to the period from the year 1000 come 1099, return some chroniclers argue a case for it extending the duration from 1001 come 1100.

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Wherever you draw the line, it to be an incredibly long time ago, long prior to most points were officially recorded.

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The 11th century in England experienced the end of the Viking period with King Canute and also his son Harthacnut, and also the start of the Norman occupation which began in 1066.

This duration was generally known as the middle Ages.

Key Dates

Some that the major events during this period were: 1042 Edward the Confessor crowned king 1055 Westminster Abbey to be completed 1066 fight of Hastings and defeat that Harold II 1066 william the Conqueror to be crowned king in Westminster Abbey 1070 job-related started on Canterbury Cathedral 1078 building of the Tower of London commenced 1086 Domesday book was compiled 1087 death of william I who was thrived by his child William II Domesday Book

One that the heritages of the preeminence of William i was the Domesday publication in 1086.

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Tower of London

William the Conqueror, together he was far better known, invaded England to insurance claim the throne which he believed had to be promised come him through his cousin, Edward the Confessor.

William the Conqueror beat Harold II at the battle of Hastings and also to consolidate his rule, the ordered a census to evaluate his landholdings.

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The Bayeux Tapestry

Representatives the the king to be sent almost everywhere England to document who owned the land and livestock and also to put a value on it.

It is many thanks to this massive project that lot of our historic data is established upon today. The names of towns and also their existence can be confirmed in the two huge volumes, and also of course, the information was used to assess rents and also taxes.

Unfortunately,London, Winchester and some various other towns were omitted, yet it is quiet a very comprehensive document for that time.

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Winchester Cathedral

From these records, it is estimated that 1 ¼ come 2 million people lived in England during the 11th century.

William the Conqueror additionally began the building of plenty of medieval castles and also cathedrals, including Windsor Castle and Canterbury and also DurhamCathedrals.
Windsor Castle

Most landholding was based on the feudal system, with William the conqueror heading the social structure. The granted land to tenants-in-chief, mostly lords who swore allegiance to him.

They, in turn, tenanted the land to villagers and peasants who worked small plots of land.
Durham Cathedral

The Domesday publication is now maintained on check out in the national Archives, Kew back the initial is composed in Latin and also is difficult to interpret.

The materials can be uncovered on-line as component of the BBC Domesday project.
The Sanctuary Knocker, Durham Cathedral

Villages, Castles and also Churches

It is difficult to imagine life more than a thousand years ago, yet there space a surprising variety of historic sights which date ago to that period.
Canterbury Cathedral

Most of England was extended with diverted farms, hamlets and tiny towns interspersed v fields.

As most fortifications in this era to be made the wood, couple of survive today.

However numerous churches were constructed of rock and although regularly altered and largely rebuilt, they space an incredible testimony to the an abilities of their builders.
Arundel Castle

Arundel lock was constructed as both a fortification and also a home and is a famed 11th century historical home which have the right to be visited.

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Dunfermline Abbey is developed on the remains of
Dunfermline Abbey
an 11th century Benedictine Abbey and also St Martin's Cathedral in Leicester additionally dates earlier to this historical time.
Detail that St Martins Cathedral, Leicester

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