Treat all conductors—even “de-energized” ones—as if they are energized till they are locked out and also tagged. Lock out and also tag the end circuits and also machines. stop overloaded wiring by using the best size and form of wire. stop exposure to live electric parts through isolating them. avoid exposure to live wires and parts by making use of insulation. avoid shocking currents from electrical systems and tools by grounding them. prevent shocking currents by using GFCI’s. prevent too much present in circuits by using overcurrent defense devices.
Guard versus contact with electric voltages and control electrical currents to develop a safe job-related environment.
At around 1:45 a.m., 2 journeyman electricians began replacing bulbs and making repair on light fixtures in a spray repaint booth in ~ an car assembly plant. The job compelled the 2 electricians to climb on top of the booth and also work from above. The peak of the booth to be filled with pipes and ducts that restricted visibility and movement. Flashlights were required. The electricians started at opposite end of the booth. One electrician experienced a flash of light, yet continued to work for around 5 minutes, climate climbed down for some wire. While cutting the wire, that smelled a burn odor and also called to the other electrician. When no one answered, he climbed earlier on peak of the booth. He discovered his co-worker in contact with a single-strand cable from one of the lights. Needle-nose wire strippers to be stuck in the left next of the victim’s chest. Apparently, he had been stripping insulation indigenous an improperly grounded 530-volt, single-strand wire as soon as he contacted it through the stripper. In this case, the electricians knew they were functioning on energized circuits. The breakers in the booth’s regulate panel were not labeled and also the lock supplied for lock-out/tag-out was broken. The enduring electrician stated that locating the means to de-energize a circuit regularly takes an ext time than the yes, really job. The electrician would be alive this day if the following rules had been observed. constantly shut turn off circuits—then test to check that they room de-energized—before beginning a job. Switchgear that shuts turn off a circuit must be plainly labeled and easy to access. Lock-out/tag-out materials must constantly be provided, and also lock-out/tag-out steps must constantly be complied with
Lock out and tag the end circuits and also equipment produce a safe work atmosphere by locking out and also tagging the end circuits and also machines. Before working ~ above a circuit, you need to turn off the power supply. Once the circuit has actually been shut off and de-energized, lock the end the switchgear to the circuit so the strength cannot be turned back on inadvertently. Then, tag out the circuit through an easy-to-see sign or label that allows everyone know that you are working ~ above the circuit. If you space working on or near machinery, you have to lock out and tag the end the machinery to stop startup. Prior to you begin work, you must test the circuit come make sure it is de-energized.
Always check a circuit come make sure it is de-energized prior to working on it.

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Lock-out/tag-out saves lives.
Lock-Out/Tag-Out Checklist Lock-out/tag-out is an essential safety procedure that protects workers from injury while working on or near electrical circuits and also equipment. Lock-out involves applying a physical lock come the power source(s) of circuits and equipment ~ they have been close up door off and de-energized. The source is climate tagged out with an easy-to-read tag that alerts various other workers in the area the a lock has actually been applied. In addition to protecting workers from electric hazards, lock-out/tag-out avoids contact v operating devices parts: blades, gears, shafts, presses, etc.
A worker was replacing a V-belt top top a dust collector blower. Before beginning work, he shut down the unit in ~ the neighborhood switch. However, an operator in the regulate room restarted the unit making use of a far switch. The worker’s hand to be caught between the pulley and also belts that the blower, resulting in cuts and a fractured finger. when performing lock-out/tag-out on machinery, girlfriend must constantly lock out and also tag the end ALL energy sources resulting in the machinery.
Also, lock-out/tag-out avoids the unexpected release of hazardous gasses, fluids, or solid issue in locations where workers are present.
An employee was cutting into a metal pipe making use of a blowtorch. Diesel fuel was mistakenly discharged into the line and was ignited by his torch. The worker burned to fatality at the scene. every valves follow me the line should have been locked out, blanked out, and also tagged the end to prevent the relax of fuel. Blanking is the process of inserting a steel disk right into the an are between 2 pipe flanges. The disk, or blank, is climate bolted in place to avoid passage of liquids or gasses with the pipe.
once performing lock-out/tag-out ~ above circuits and also equipment, you can use the checklist below.

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determine all resources of electric energy for the tools or circuits in question. Disable backup energy sources such as generators and batteries. recognize all shut-offs because that each power source. educate all personnel the equipment and circuitry should be closeup of the door off, locked out, and tagged out. (Simply turning a switch off is not enough.) closeup of the door off energy sources and also lock switchgear in the OFF position. Each worker should apply his or she individual lock. Carry out not give your key to anyone. test equipment and circuitry come make certain they are de-energized. This need to be excellent by a qualified person.* deplete stored energy by bleeding, blocking, grounding, etc. use a tag come alert various other workers that an energy resource or item of devices has been locked out. Make certain everyone is safe and accounted for prior to equipment and circuits space unlocked and also turned back on. Keep in mind that only a qualified human being may determine when it is for sure to re-energize circuits.