Wedo no talk or create this way. Automatically, we replace the noun Lincoln"swith a pronoun. More naturally, us say
Thepronoun his refers earlier to President Lincoln.
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President Lincoln is the ANTECEDENT because that the pronoun his.
Anantecedent is a word because that which a pronoun stands. (ante ="before")
Thepronoun have to agree v its antecedent in number.
Rule:A singular pronoun need to replace a singular noun; a many pronoun have to replace a plural noun.
Thus,the mechanics the the sentence above look choose this:
Here are nine pronoun-antecedent agreementrules. This rules are regarded the rules uncovered in subject-verbagreement.
1.A phrase or clause between thesubject and verb go not adjust the number of the antecedent.
2.Indefinite pronouns as antecedentsSingular indefinite pronoun antecedents take singular pronoun referents.
PLURAL:several, few, both, many
EITHERSINGULAR OR PLURAL: some, any, none, all,most
Sugar is uncountable; therefore, the sentence has a singular referentpronoun.
Jewelry is uncountable; therefore, the sentence has actually a singular referentpronoun.
Marbles space countable; therefore, the sentence has a many referentpronoun.
Jewels are countable; therefore, the sentence has a plural referentpronoun.
3.Compound subjects joined by andalways take it a plural referent.
4. with compoundsubjects joined by or/nor, thereferent pronoun agrees v the antecedent closer to the pronoun.
Example #1 (plural antecedent closer to pronoun):
Example #2 (singular antecedent closer to pronoun):
Note:Example #1, through the many antecedent closer to the pronoun, create a smoothersentencethan instance #2, which forces the use of the singular "his or her."
5. Collective Nouns(group,jury, crowd, team, etc.) might be singular or plural, depending on meaning.
In this example, the jury is acting together one unit; therefore, the referent pronounis singular.
Inthis example, the jury members are acting together twelve individuals; therefore, thereferentpronoun is plural.
Inthis example, the jury members are acting as twelve individuals; therefore, thereferentpronoun is plural.
6.Titles of solitary entities. (books, organizations, countries, etc.) take a singular referent.
7.Plural kind subjects through a singularmeaning take it a singular referent. (news,measles, mumps, physics, etc)
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Every or Manya before a noun or a collection of nouns calls for a singularreferent.