Iran, known officially together the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a nation located in the middle East. V an area of one area the 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), Iran is the 17th largest country in the world and also the second largest in the Middle eastern after Saudi Arabia.

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Map mirroring the location of Iran in the middle East. Map from equal Earth, windy domain.

Iran shares a border through seven different countries:

Afghanistan: 936 kilometres (582 mi)Armenia: 35 km (22 mi)Azerbaijan (two different borders): 432 kilometres (268 mi)Iraq: 1,458 kilometres (906 mi)Pakistan: 909 kilometres (565 mi)Turkey: 499 km (310 mi)Turkmenistan: 992 kilometres (616 mi)

It shares the longest border v Iraq with 1,458 kilometers. It shares the shortest border through Armenia with just 22 kilometers. Iran also borders three bodies of water: the Persian Gulf, the Gulf that Oman, and the Caspian Sea.

Iran’s topography is an extremely mountainous. The main mountain chain is the Zagros mountains along its western side through peaks end 3,000 meter (9,843 feett) above sea level. Mount Damavand, part of the Elburz mountains in north Iran, is the country’s highest possible peak and also Asia’s highest possible volcano with an elevation over sea level that 5,609.2 meters (18,403 feet).

At the facility of Iran is the main Plateau v two big salt deserts (Dasht-e Lut and also Dasht-e Kavir) on its east section. At the deltas of the Rud-e-Gaz and Rud-e-Hara rivers sits an essential wetland for wintering waterbirds (Ramsar Convention site #75).

Lake Urmia, one endorheic salt lake, is the largest body that water in Iran that once had actually a surface ar area that 5,200 square kilometers (2,000 square miles). Drought and water needs on the lake have actually shrunk that by 80%. Rain from the loss of 2018 and winter that 2019 have actually helped to boost the surface ar volume the the lake come 3,000 square square kilometers (1,200 square miles).

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Satellite imagery native NASA’s Terra MODIS present the rise in surface volume after rain in the an ar in feather 2019 increased the depth of the lake 62 centimeters (24 inches) compared to 2018.