The civilization is split into four hemispheres based on lines the latitude and longitude.

The Equator Divides the Northern and Southern Hemispheres

The equator is an imaginary line the is equidistant indigenous the North and South Poles. This line falls at zero degrees latitude.


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The Equator is the line of zero levels latitude around the middle of Earth and is the diving line between the northern and southern hemispheres. Image: NASA, windy domain.

The part of the planet that is north of the equator is recognized as the northern Hemisphere. The component of the earth that is southern of the equator is well-known as the southerly Hemisphere.

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Prime Meridian Divides the Eastern and Western Hemispheres

The Western and also Eastern Hemisphere are divided by zero degrees longitude i m sorry is well-known as the prime Meridian.

The west Hemisphere occupies the geographic space west that the prime meridian and also east of theantemeridian i beg your pardon lies at 180 levels longitude.

The east Hemisphere is found east the the prime Meridian and west that theantemeridian.


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The element Meridian divides the people into the eastern and also western hemispheres. Image: NASA, publicly domain.

The just Continent That deserve to Be uncovered in All four Hemispheres

While numerous of the world’s continents are traversed by the separation in between two hemispheres, over there is just one continent in the world that lies in all 4 hemispheres: Africa.

This geography fact also way that Africa is the only continent to have actually land both in ~ theEquator and also the prime Meridian.

These 2 maps show how the continent of Africa lies in both the Northern and also Southern Hemispheres and also the Western and Eastern Hemispheres.

Map the Africa and the Northern and Southern Hemispheres


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How plenty of African countries does the Equator pass through?

The Equator passed through a full of seven countries in Africa. Starting from the west to east these nations are: the island country of São Tomé and Príncipe,Gabon, Republic that Congo, theDemocratic Republic the the Congo (DRC),Uganda,Kenya,and Somalia.

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Map that Africa and also the Westernand EasternHemispheres


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How countless African countries does the prime Meridian pass through?

The prime Meridian crosses through five African countries. Starting from phibìc to south, these countries are: Algeria, Mali, Burkina Faso, Tongo, and also Ghana.

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