First and foremost�.It is notwarmer in the summer because we space closer come the Sun. Many people think this, however it is justnot true. In fact, as soon as it is summer in Lenox, the planet is actually at itsfarthest allude from the Sun.
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So what reasons the seasons???
2 thingsThe tilt How direct the Sun�s beam are
The earth is tilted in ~ 23.5 ˚
The axis constantly points come Polaris
Polaris is knownas the phibìc Star
Take a look in ~ the snapshot above. It mirrors the planet in various positions inits orbit. Polaris would be means off tothe left. The earth can be divided into2 halves, a phibìc hemisphere and a southern hemisphere. Due to the fact that the tilt of the planet is constantly pointedin the very same direction (toward Polaris), different hemispheres get an ext or lessdirect light ray at different times of the year.Look whereby it claims �summer� above.The direct rays the the sun are hitting the northern hemisphere. Except at the equator, the Southernhemisphere will certainly only get indirect rays.This is why we have summer in June; the planet is in this place in itsorbit. In Australia,which is in the southerly hemisphere, just indirect light is present, so theyexperience winter in June. Top top theopposite next of the orbit, whereby the diagram states �winter�, the Northernhemisphere is tilted far from the sun.The southern hemisphere is tilted toward the sun. This time, the southern gets an ext direct raysthan the North, so the is winter in the North and also summer in the South.
During spring and also fall, no hemisphereis tilted more toward the Sun. Directrays hit just at the tropic zones close to the equator.
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Indirect rays hit pretty lot everywhereelse. Therefore we have actually mildtemperatures in the north and south away from the equator.