Macbeth has actually Macduff"s family murdered since he trust Macduff is a hazard to his throne. The witches said Macbeth to “beware Macduff,” and also when Macbeth learns that Macduff has gone to England to assist Malcolm (Duncan’s son) rally an army to go back to Scotland and defeat Macbeth, he hires murderers to kill Macduff’s family, reasoning that this will cause Macduff to submit the end of fear and grief.

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from the minute that Macduff look at King Duncan"s bloody human body lying dead in Macbeth"s lock in action 2, step 3 of wilhelm Shakespeare"s Macbeth, Macduff suspects the Macbeth and Lady Macbeth were connected in Duncan"s murder. Macbeth quickly senses the Macduff doubt him the the murder,...


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From the minute that Macduff look at King Duncan"s bloody human body lying dead in Macbeth"s castle in act 2, scene 3 of william Shakespeare"s Macbeth, Macduff suspects that Macbeth and Lady Macbeth were connected in Duncan"s murder. Macbeth quickly senses that Macduff suspects him the the murder, and also an uneasy relationship in between the two guys begins.

When Macduff stops working to attend Macbeth"s coronation (2.4.47), and Macduff also declines to to visit Macbeth"s coronation banquet (3.4.156–157)—even though all of the Lords and also Thanes the Scotland to be in attendance, including the ghost of Banquo—Macbeth is specific that Macduff has become his enemy.

The figure of Banquo"s ghost in ~ Macbeth"s coronation feast unnerves Macbeth, and Macbeth decides to visit the witches who very first prophesied the he "shalt it is in King hereafter!" (1.3.53) and demand that they tell the what the future holds for him now that he"s end up being king.

Macbeth goes to the witches, who produce four apparitions for Macbeth, and the very first thing the the an initial apparition claims to Macbeth is "Beware Macduff" (4.1.78–79). Macbeth currently knew this, and also demands to know more. The 2nd apparitions tells Macbeth the "none of woman born / Shall damage Macbeth" (4.1.89–90).

Macbeth interprets this to median that Macduff, gift born of a woman as with everyone else, can"t injury him. However, Macbeth fails to realize that what the second apparition speak him doesn"t have to negate what the first apparition speak him.

Nevertheless, to lull his fears about Macduff, Macbeth decides to have him killed.

MACBETH. Climate live, Macduff. What need I are afraid of thee?But yet I"ll make assurance twin sure,And take a bond of fate: she shalt no live (4.1.92–94).

After the witches disappear from the scene, Lennox arrives to tell Macbeth that "Macduff is fled to England" (4.1.158). This method that no only has actually Macduff gone to the nation of England to join with Duncan"s son, Malcolm, but also that Macduff has gone to the English king come ask for help in fighting against Macbeth.

Macbeth is upset with himself for not acting against Macduff sooner, therefore he resolves that later on he won"t hesitate to act as soon as the require arises.

MACBETH. Indigenous this momentThe really firstlings the my heart shall beThe firstlings of my hand (4.1.163–165).

Macbeth also decides to assault Macduff"s castle and kill Macduff"s family and anyone rather in Macduff"s genealogical line.

MACBETH. The castle of Macduff I will surprise,Seize top top Fife; offer to the edge o’ the swordHis wife, his babes, and all unfortunately soulsThat map him in his line (4.1.167–170).

Macbeth"s intent seems to it is in to ruin Macduff and weaken his resolve against Macbeth by murdering Macduff"s family and seizing every one of Macduff"s lands and property. If Macbeth"s will was to surprised Macduff and also cause Macduff come resign himself to Macbeth"s rule, Macbeth failed miserably.

Macduff returns from England with Malcolm, top an army against Macbeth. Macbeth meets Macduff on the battlefield, and also Macbeth unfortunately reminds Macduff of the fatality of this wife and children. This just heightens Macduff"s must avenge his family"s murder.

It"s Macbeth"s settle that"s weakened once Macduff speak him the he to be "from his mother"s womb / Untimely ripp"d" (5.8.19–20), and also Macduff, "being that no mrs born," kills Macbeth.



as Macbeth descends into insanity he i do not care utterly obsessed with eliminating any type of threats come his power. In determining which hazards to heed Macbeth becomes enthralled with every one of the ideas that the witches provide to him, believing that all of the your prophetic warnings will certainly come true. That is clear the Macbeth looks for to remove threats to his very own power due to the fact that he first murders Banquo and his youngsters in order to ensure the Banquo"s youngsters will not pose a danger to Macbeth"s rule (or that of his familial line). Moreover, in heeding the witches prophecy (who warning him the Macduff), Macbeth is required to take action against Macduff. When the murderers come to Lady Macduff"s hiding place, they look for to find Macduff himself, probably not totally aware the he has fled, and also instead uncover the family there. They kill the family in component to eliminate the risk to Macbeth, but additionally to send the post to Macduff that they will certainly not fear him and also that they think him to be a traitor. Ironically, it is in this minute that Macbeth seals his own fate. By murdering Macduff"s household he ensures the Macduff will certainly retaliate and also instigate one insurgency versus him, at some point concluding in Macbeth"s downfall. This is the final act in the food of events that promises Macbeth"s ultimate death.



Macbeth is sinking deeper into insanity. He is all consumed v doing everything it take away to store his crown. After that sees the witches again, he fears the Macduff poses the greatest threat to him. The witches warning Macbeth.

"Beware Macduff, beware the Thane the fire. The strength of man, because that none born the woman, shall harm Macbeth"

This frightens Macbeth for this reason he wants to remove the threat. Macduff is in England help Malcolm construct an army. Malcolm is the child of Duncan, who Macbeth killed. Macbeth knows that Macduff"s loyalties don"t lie through him, and this makes him angry. He sends his murderers to death Macduff"s family. Macduff"s mam is angry that her husband has actually left her and also their children and also tells her kid that the is dead. A messenger mirrors up to shot to warn she to take she children and leave, however she doesn"t. She tells him:

"Whither have to I fly? I have done no harm. However I remember now I to be in this earthly world; whereby to do damage is regularly laudable, to do great sometime accounting dangerous folly: Why then, alas, carry out I put up that womanly defense, to say I have done no harm?"

Lady Macduff won"t leave and also in the finish she and also her children and servants room all killed. Macbeth thinks that, by the witches warning, Macduff was born by some superordinary force, however he was born through a cesarean section, for this reason he was born through not superordinary deeds, however is the downfall of Macbeth after ~ all.



Macbeth has two reasons for having actually Macduff"s wife and also children murdered. The very first is come enact revenge versus Macduff, who has actually fled come England to join Duncan"s kid Malcolm and also assist in raising an army to strike Scotland and also place Malcolm on the throne. The second reason is to make an instance of Macduff and also discourage other men from deserting him. In plot 4. Scene 1, Macbeth says:

The castle of Macduff I will surprise, / take upon Fife, offer to th" sheet o" th" sword / His wife, his babes, and all regrettably souls / That map him in his line.

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This is typical behavior for a tyrant. It is the sort of terror Adolf Hitler to work during people War II once officers and enlisted men believed that the battle was lost and also were turning against him. Macbeth deserve to no much longer count on commitment or patriotism and also feels the must preeminence by fear.