GRADE 3 INDIAN PROJECTPLAINS INDIAN society
The plains Indians resided in the area of our nation known as the great Plains. This culture group of indians is renowned for the prestige of the buffalo, their spiritual ceremonies, the use of the tepee, and their war-path customs. Four necessary tribes in this culture include the Dakota, Cheyenne, Sioux, and also Comanche. The buffalo was the most vital natural resource of the plains Indians. The plains Indians were hunters. They hunted numerous kinds of animals, yet it was the buffalo which detailed them with every one of their simple needs: food, clothing, and shelter.
The plains Indian culture followed the buffalo migration-or motion of the buffalo. Because of the continuous moving that the tribe, they necessary a kind of sanctuary that might be quickly and also easily placed together and taken down. They referred to as this type of house the tepee. The tepee to be made by leaning long poles together and also covering them v buffalo hide. The long poles that the tepee to be dragged behind the horse and used to lug the belongings of the Indians when they relocated their village. This was referred to as a travois.
once the buffalo herd to be spotted through the Indian scouts, it to be the project of the females to set up the tepees when the warriors began the hunt. There to be several methods to hunting the buffalo. One way was because that Indians on horseback come ride right into the herd on horseback and use bows and arrows to death the buffalo. Another way was because that a big group of indians on horseback to chase the buffalo off a cliff. One unusual means some Indians pursued the buffalo to be to sneak increase on the buffalo v wolf skins covering their bodies, then killing them v bows and also arrows. As quickly as the hunt to be over, the women and children would join the warriors to reduced up the buffalo come bring ago to camp. Currently it was thought about a real treat to eat the heart, liver, kidneys, and mind while they were still warm.
They offered the meat the the buffalo because that food. The fresh meat was either roasted on a stick over the fire or boiled, periodically with fresh vegetables. The Indians likewise made a type of sausage through stuffing meat and herbs into the buffalo"s gut. The meat that can not be consumed right away was reduced into strips and also hung on racks to dry. It would certainly then store for a lengthy time.
The skin that the buffalo was supplied for clothing and also shelter. Before the skin or hide the the buffalo can be used, it had to it is in treated. First, the hide was staked to the soil or tied to a frame. Then the flesh was scraped turn off the inside, and the hair to be scraped off the outside. Once the hide was clean, the within was rubbed with a mixture the liver, fat, and brains. This to be done number of times and then wash in a stream. Finally, it to be softened by pulling it ago and forth v a loop that rope. The hide was then provided as the outer covering that the tepee. It was also decorated v beads, porcupine quills, and also feathers to it is in worn as clothes by the levels Indians.
No component of the buffalo went to waste. The horns were used as spoons, cups, and also toys. The skeletal were offered as tools and weapons. The tail was provided as a paris brush or whip. The stomach and intestines to be cleaned and then used to bring water. Levels Indians ONLY eliminated what was needed to survive, never ever more. It was only when the white guy started relocating west that the slaughter, unnecessary killing, the the buffalo occured. Countless buffalo were killed for sports or to clear the land because that the railroad. This animals" bodies were just left top top the prairie to rot.
Hills of slaughtered buffalo skulls.
Railroad males shooting buffalo from the trains. The plains Indians believed in many gods. They thought the gods proved themselves in the type of the sun, moon, stars, and anything the was strong or strange, such together an animal, person, or even an odd-shaped stone. The way the Indian men received this strength of the gods was from visions. To get a vision the man had actually to walk to a lonely place. He would stay there for number of days without food or water. Throughout this time the vision to be "seen" by the man. Ind that came to be known because that receiving countless visions came to be known as medicine men. These males were claimed to be able to see the future and cure diseases. Powwows were among the levels Indian ceremonies. A powwow to be a celebration event or prayer come the an excellent Spirit. Crucial Plains consciousness was called the sun Dance. The sunlight Dance took place in the summer months. It to be a awareness of celebration. The sun Dance lasted around four days. During this time dancers perform the same precise movements and had nothing come eat or drink. Lock lifted your eyes to the sun for as long as they could endure it. Some men would pierce your chests through wooden skewers. This was later outlawed due to the fact that it was assumed to be also cruel. An additional important dance was the Ghost Dance. This to be a dance performed nightly in which the Indians thought that they might speak come the gods and also their ancestors. They additionally believed the this run would assist get their land back.
"Son, I never want to view you live to be an old man. Die young ~ above the battlefield." Standing be affected by each other The way for a plains Indian warrior to earn respect was with battle. War consisted of brief raids by little groups to catch horses or death enemies. A warrior who killed an enemy carried home his scalp come prove it. Warriors would trim your pants and shirts v scalps to display their success. "Counting coup" was an Indian expression that supposed the Indian acquired close sufficient to his enemy to actually touch him with his hand or his unique decorated stick. To be able to do this was considered a high honor. Ind would save count the how plenty of enemies they had killed by including a feather to your headdresses or battle bonnets. A battle bonnet to be a head piece worn by specific Indians. The feathers on it represented acts that bravery.
sit Bull was one of the most famed Indian Chiefs that the levels Culture. He to be a Sioux leader in the area the is now well-known as southern Dakota. He live from l83l-l890. Throughout this time gold was uncovered on the land the Sitting Bull"s people lived on. The government tried to force the Sioux ind to move off your land. Sit Bull and his people would no peacefully move. In June, l876, a significant battle occurred between sitting Bull and U.S. Soldiers led through George Custer. Custer"s teams of soldiers had actually 260 men. Custer to be told come wait for more soldiers to arrive. Instead of waiting, he chose to go forward with just the men he had. Sitting Bull"s team of warriors numbered in between 2,500 -4,000 men. The warriors surrounding Custer"s soldiers and also attacked. Custer and every one of his soldiers were killed. This became known together the fight of tiny Bighorn. ~ this event, sit Bull was punished and also forced come live on a reservation. Later in his life the caused much more problems because that the U.S. Government and was ultimately arrested. While several of his Indian friends to be trying to rescue him, sitting Bull to be shot and killed by U.S.
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