Image caption, hundreds of civilian deaths have reportedly been the an outcome of Saudi-led coalition air strikes
Yemen, among the Arab world's poorest countries, has been ravaged by a polite war. Right here we explain what is fuelling the fighting, and also who is involved.

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Image source, AFP
Image caption, Houthi rebel fighters gone into Sanaa in September 2014 and took full control in January 2015

The problem has its roots in the failure of a political procedure supposed to bring stability come Yemen following an uprising in 2011 that required its long-time authoritarian president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to hand over strength to his deputy, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi.


As president, mr Hadi struggled to attend to a variety of problems, including assaults by jihadists, a separatist motion in the south, the continuing loyalty of protection personnel come Saleh, as well as corruption, unemployment and food insecurity.


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Image source, AFP

The Houthi movement - known formally together Ansar Allah (Partisans that God) - took advantage of the brand-new president's weakness.


The Houthis, that champion Yemen's Zaidi Shia Muslim minority and also fought a series of rebellions against Saleh throughout the previous decade, seized regulate of their northern heartland the Saada district in early 2014 and also then began advancing southwards.


Disillusioned with the transition, many ordinary Yemenis - including Sunnis - sustained them, and also in late 2014 and also early 2015 the rebels gradually took end the capital, Sanaa.


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Image source, AFP
Image caption, A Saudi-led multinational coalition intervened in the conflict in Yemen in in march 2015

The Houthis and also security pressures loyal to Saleh - who was believed to have actually backed his one-time adversaries in a bid to reclaim power - then attempted to take control of the whole country, forcing mr Hadi to flee abroad in march 2015.

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Alarmed through the increase of a team they thought to be backed militarily by local Shia power and rival Iran, Saudi Arabia and also eight other mostly Sunni Arab states started an air project aimed at defeating the Houthis, finishing Iranian affect in Yemen and restoring mr Hadi's government.