European Union and Europe The european flag consists of 12 gold stars in a circle on a blue background. The one of stars symbolises the ideals of unity, solidarity and harmony amongst the peoples of Europe. The number of stars has actually nothing to execute with the variety of EU member countries. The european flag signifies not only the europe Union but likewise Europe in a broader sense. The background of the flag goes ago to 1955, when the the supervisory board of Europe - defending human rights and also promoting European society – embraced the style for its own use. End the complying with years the the supervisory board of Europe urged the arising European establishments to embrace the flag as well. In 1985, it was taken increase by EU leaders as the main emblem of the european Union (called the European areas at the time).
Austria from the 13th century onwards, the Austrian flag included a red shield top top a horizontal white band. The red-white-red bands appeared for the first time in 1787 top top national army insignia. The current flag was embraced as Austria’s nationwide flag in 1918 and as a public emblem in 1921, and also was reintroduced top top 1 might 1945, as soon as the German occupation ended.
BelgiumThe Belgian flag, a different on the French tricolour, evokes the coat of arms of the Duchy of Brabant, which dates from the 12th century: a gilded lion through red claws and also red tongue versus a black background.When the Brabant Uprising damaged out in 1787, the human being of Brussels adopted the tricolour rosette in red, gold and black together opposed come the color of Joseph II (red, white and red).When Belgium became independent in 1830, the present flag to be officially adopted, yet at the moment the bands were put horizontally. The adhering to year the federal government passed a legislation adopting vertical bands.
BulgariaThe three national colours – white, green and also red – are linked to those provided by the Old Bulgarian Army. The left soup of the military was distinguished by white strips top top its spears, the right being marked with red ones. The elite troops, i ordered it in the middle, had actually a green strip, which to be the timeless colour that the ruler at the time. The three-coloured flag had first been provided by the an initial Bulgarian Legion that Georgi Rakovski (1861) and then evidenced as Bulgaria’s nationwide flag in the Turnovo constitution (1879).
CroatiaThe Croatian flag consists of three horizontal stripes in red, white and blue. The coat of arms of Croatia is positioned at the centre of the flag. It attributes a red and also white checkerboard which also forms the basis of the eye-catching jerseys the Croatian national sport teams, for example of the nationwide football team. Additionally, the main shield is crowned by five smaller historical shields. The red-white-blue tricolour has actually been used because the 19th century, originally by revolutionaries in 1848. However, because then, the main emblem has adjusted several times. The existing flag with the coat of arms in the centre was officially embraced in December 1990.
Cyprus The Cypriot flag, i m sorry was adopted when Cyprus ended up being independent in 1960, represents the island and also two olive branches against a white background, symbolising peace in between the Greek and Turkish communities.The yellow that the island is one allusion come copper mined in Cyprus due to the fact that the third millennium BC. Indeed, the word copper originates indigenous the Greek name for Cyprus: Kypros.
Czech Republic Red and also white room the timeless colours of Bohemia and feature on coats that arms date from 1192 (a white lion versus a red background). The first Czech red-and-white flag appeared during the an initial World War and also became the very first national flag that Czechoslovakia in 1918. Since it featured the colours of Bohemia alone, the blue the Moravia and also Slovakia was included in 1920. The same flag to be officially embraced as the nationwide emblem of the Czech Republic in 1992.
DenmarkThe Danish flag, or Dannebrog, is more than likely the oldest in the world. Legend has actually it that the flag dates from 1219, once the Danish King Valdemar II, that was leading crusaders into battle, experienced a white overcome outlined against the dark sky and interpreted this vision together a command from God to assault the Estonians. The red background is thought to represent either the dark sky in which the king observed the overcome or the blood spilt during the battle.
EstoniaThe horizontal tricolour in blue, black and also white was adopted on 29 September 1881 by the Estonian students’ combination Virona. During the 1905 and also 1917 revolutions it was adopted by the Estonian world as their nationwide flag, and also it came to be the state emblem when freedom was proclaimed top top 24 February 1918. It to be readopted in 1990, when Estonia regained independence.In Estonian folksongs blue represents the sky, black the earth and white the aspiration come freedom and hope for the future.According come an alternate interpretation, blue symbolises mutual trust and also loyalty, black the Estonians’ presumed ancestors (a world dressed in black and mentioned by Herodotus in his Histories) and white the snow which consists the country for fifty percent of the year.
Finland native the 12th century till the early 19th century, Finland belonged to Sweden. After gaining its freedom in 1917, it embraced a nationwide flag v a Scandinavian cross the was based on the sweden flag. Finnish sailing clubs had already flown the same flag fifty percent a century earlier, as soon as Finland was still under Russian domination. The an initial person to indicate blue and white as the nationwide colours to be the poet Zachris Topelius in 1862. The following year the daily newspaper Helsingfors Dagblad propose a white flag v a blue cross. Blue represents the lakes and the sky and white because that the snow-covered earth.
France The French flag dates earlier to the French revolution of 1789. Red, white and blue rosettes to be worn through the national guard best from the begin of the revolution. White was the color of the monarchy, while blue and red were the color of the city the Paris. And so the tricolour rosette became an emblem of revolutionary patriotism. Red, white and also blue were adopted by the French people and were quickly to be watched on standards and flags. On 15th February 1794 the tricolour was made the national flag. The flag to be designed by the painter David top top the assignment of the national Convention.
GermanyThe present German flag, i m sorry was embraced on 23 might 1949, the work on which the federal Republic that Germany to be established, recalls the flag that the German Federation the 1848 and the flag the the Weimar Republic (1919-33).Black, red and also gold room the historic colours that Germany discovered on the uniforms worn by Baron von Lützow"s Freikorps throughout the Napoleonic Wars and on the flags that Prussia.They are additionally the color of the holy Roman Empire: black represents the eagle, red the beak and also talons, and gold the gilded shield.
GreeceWhen the government adopted the flags that the Greek army and navy in 1822, they all bore the exact same white cross, a price of Christian faith.Blue and also white were favored officially as emblems throughout the battle for independence. Blue represents the sky and the sea and also white the purity the the freedom fighters.The ninehorizontal bands refer to the ripe syllables the the Greek phrase: Eleftheria i Thanatos (Freedom or Death).The flag to be reintroduced in 1978.
Hungary As at an early stage as the 17th century, red, white and also green were crucial motif in ~ coronation ceremonies. In the 1830s patriotic citizens began to wear this colours, and also during the 1848 revolution the tricolour was adopted as the nationwide flag. It to be officially reintroduced in 1957. The colours space those that Hungary’s cloak of arms: red shield, white bands, patriarchal cross and three environment-friendly hills.
Ireland The ireland tricolour, i beg your pardon was adopted in 1830, is based on the French flag. The disposition that the color (green, white and also orange) was changed several times and a final decision was no taken until the 1920s. The flag to be formally embraced in 1937. Eco-friendly stands because that the predominantly Irish nationalist movement and also orange (the colour of the residence of Orange) for the protestant community. White, in the middle, symbolises peace in between the two communities.
Italy This was initially the flag of the Cisalpine Republic started by Napoleon. The was influenced by the French tricolour and also used native 1798 come 1802. It was reintroduced in 1848 by the King that Sardinia, who included the coat of eight of the house of Savoy come the white band, and became the flag the the whole Kingdom that Italy in 1861. When the monarchy fell in 1946, the coat of arms was removed.
Latvia The red-white-red banner was an initial used through the Latvian people in 1279. In 1917 Latvian artists chose to readjust the red to crimson and to make the white band narrower. Banned throughout the Soviet occupation, the flag was recognised together a public emblem in 1988 and also became the nationwide flag as soon as again in 1990.
LithuaniaIn 1918 the council of Lithuania appointed a one-of-a-kind committee to style the national flag. Top top 19 April of that year a horizontal tricolour in the color of traditional Lithuanian dress was approved. Yellow represents the sun, the resource of light, while environment-friendly stands for nature and life. Red is the colour of love and also the blood spilt in defence of the country. The Lithuanian flag was readopted in 1989.
Luxembourg The color of the Luxembourg flag space those of the Luxembourg coat of arms. Influenced by the French flag after ~ the revolution, it has actually slightly various proportions to the dutch flag and a lighter the shade of blue. Although it has been used as a national emblem since the 16th century, it did not end up being the main flag till 1972.
Malta The two colours that the flag space those the the Knights of St john of Jerusalem. The George cross was added in 1942, when King George vi of England forgive it come the islanders in recognition of their heroic wartime resistance. The cross bear the engraving “For Gallantry”. The flag was no officially embraced as a national emblem until 1964, once Malta proclaimed that is independence.
Netherlands The netherlands flag dates earlier to 1579, once the Netherlands proclaimed its independence. At the moment it was orange, white and blue, the color of wilhelm of Orange. Orange was replaced by red throughout the 17th century however it remains the national colour and, the nationwide flag is always accompanied by an orange banner on main holidays or diplomatic visits abroad. The flag to be officially adopted in 1796 and also confirmed together the nationwide emblem in 1937. It has actually slightly different proportions to the Luxembourg flag and also a darker shade of blue.
Poland The polish flag is composed of 2 horizontal stripes, the top one white and also the reduced one red. These two colours room the nationwide colours of Poland. White represents a white eagle, which has actually been a price of Poland because the 13th century. In conjunction v a red background, it featured on many Polish banners, flags and coats of eight in the past. The white-and-red bicolour flag was officially adopted as the nationwide emblem in 1919, one year after Poland proclaimed that is independence.
Portugal In 1910, once the republic was established, the imperial white-and-blue flag was changed by today’s green-and-red flag. Red stands for the transformation and eco-friendly for hope. The Portuguese coat of eight is superimposed ~ above a ball symbolising the significant discoveries that Portuguese navigators. The flag was officially embraced in 1911.
RomaniaAlthough the three colours, for this reason dear to the Romanians, date back to the time of Michael the Brave (1593-1601), the three-coloured flag is rather recent. It showed up for the first time in the first half that the 19th century and was officially adopted as the Romanian national flag on 1859, as soon as Alexandru Ioan Cuza was elected as sole prince, reuniting the two provinces of Wallachia and also Moldavia.
Slovakia The horizontal white-blue-red tricolour of Slovakia showed up for the an initial time in 1848, but without the shield. The shield, representing three blue mountains and a patriarchal white cross against a red background, to be not included to the flag until 1992, once Slovakia came to be independent.
Slovenia The Slovenian flag, also bearing a white-blue-red tricolour, was first used by Slovenian patriots in 1848. In 1991 Slovenia"s new coat of arms was included to the flag. It represents the Triglav, the highest possible peak in the Slovenian Alps. The three yellow stars against a blue background room from the eight of the previous duchy of Celje. The tiny waves symbolise Slovenia"s rivers and also the Adriatic.
SpainRed and also gold were chosen as the national emblem in 1785, however the current Spanish flag to be not embraced until 1981.The cloak of eight of the Kingdom of Spain is composed of a shield bearing the eight of the former kingdoms that Castilla (a castle), León (a lion rampant), Aragón (four upright red bands against a golden background) and Navarra (a gold chain versus a red background), v a pomegranate, the prize of the kingdom of Granada, at the bottom. The pillars the Hercules, representing the Straits that Gibraltar, were added by Charles V to evoke the overseas development of his empire. The tower bearing the word plus is topped through an royal crown; the other tower is topped by a royal crown. The current arms that the State room those that the Spanish monarchy, symbolised by the emblem that the Bourbon monarchy, i m sorry was revitalized in 1975: three golden lilies versus a blue background.
Sweden back the sweden flag dates back to the 16th century, its existing colours and proportions were adopted in 1982. By imperial decree the 1569, King Johan III ordered the all ship of the sweden navy must fly the gold cross. The flag, based upon the Danish Dannebrog, bear the colour of the swedish coat that arms, which days from the 14th century and also consists the three gold crowns against a sky-blue background.
United KingdomThe existing flag the the united Kingdom, well-known as the Union Flag or Union Jack, is a combination of the the cross of :- Saint George
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The cross of Saint Patrick was added in 1801, as soon as Ireland was included into the joined Kingdom.