The cardiac cycle refers to the alternating contraction and relaxation of the myocardium in the walls of the heart chambers, coordinated by the conduction system, during one heartbeat. Systole is the contraction phase of the cardiac cycle, and diastole is the relaxation phase.
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What are four separate congenital heart defects?
A Chabner 11
|Click-murmur syndrome||mitral valve prolapse|
|Four separate congenital heart defects||tetralogy of Fallot|
|The cause of essential hypertension is||idiopathic|
What is the sac like membrane surrounding the heart?
A double-layered membrane called the pericardium surrounds your heart like a sac. The outer layer of the pericardium surrounds the roots of your heart’s major blood vessels and is attached by ligaments to your spinal column, diaphragm, and other parts of your body.
What is the medical term for pertaining to the heart?
Cardiac – Pertaining to the heart. Cardiac arrest – The stopping of the heartbeat, usually because of interference with the electrical signal (often associated with coronary heart disease). Cardiac cachexia – A term for the muscle and weight loss caused by severe heart disease.
What word is used to refer to the heart and its tissue?
cardiovascular system: The heart and circulatory system (also called the cardiovascular system) make up the network that delivers blood to the body’s tissues. With each heartbeat, blood is sent throughout our bodies, carrying oxygen and nutrients to all of our cells.
What term describes a fatty deposit on an artery wall?
the term describes a fatty deposit on an artery wall. plaque.
What kind of diagnosis is known as a Rule Out?
This term refers to the medical diagnostic process of eliminating possible illnesses or causes one at a time by revealing clinical information from history, examination or testing that is not consistent with the diagnosis being ruled out.
What is the medical term for process of recording blood vessels?
angiogram. process of recording blood vessels.
What is the medical term that means tumor composed of lymph vessels?
What is the process of recording a picture of blood vessels?
A method of making video images of blood vessels is sonography. A Doppler ultrasound is is a technique for imaging blood flow through the heart and blood vessels to look for plaques and constrictions in the vessels, heart valve defects, and other abnormalities.
What is hardening of the arteries called?
Atherosclerosis, sometimes called “hardening of the arteries,” occurs when fat, cholesterol, and other substances build up in the walls of arteries.
Which term means fast heartbeat?
What is the record produced by ultrasonography of the heart?
Medical Terminology – Radiology
|A record produced by ultrasonography is called:||sonogram|
|The process of cutting across and producing images of single tissue planes is:||tomography|
|A unit of radioactivity is known as:||curie|
|A motion picture record of successive x-rays is called:||cineradiography|
What is the term for inflammation of the sac that encloses the heart?
Pericarditis refers to inflammation of the pericardium, two thin layers of a sac-like tissue that surround the heart, hold it in place and help it work. A small amount of fluid keeps the layers separate so that there’s no friction between them.
When a patient’s therapy is administered via the bloodstream it is called?
|When a patient’s therapy is administered via the bloodstream it is called:||unsealed radiation therapy|
|A tumor composed of star-shaped neuroglial cells is called:||astrocytoma|
|When normal cells become malignant it is known as:||dedifferentiation|
What is the medical term for surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest?
Thoracentesis means surgical puncture of chest to remove fluid; thoracocentesins .
What is the occupational disease caused by inhalation of black dust called?
Silicosis is a lung disease caused by inhaling free crystalline silica, a dust found in the air of mines, foundries, blasting operations, and stone, clay, and glass manufacturing facilities.
Which diagnostic procedure measures the oxygen level in the blood?
Do lungs remove water?
Thoracentesis is a procedure in which a needle is inserted into the pleural space between the lungs and the chest wall. This procedure is done to remove excess fluid, known as a pleural effusion, from the pleural space to help you breathe easier.
What does an air pocket in the lungs mean?
A pneumothorax (noo-moe-THOR-aks) is a collapsed lung. A pneumothorax occurs when air leaks into the space between your lung and chest wall. This air pushes on the outside of your lung and makes it collapse. Pneumothorax can be a complete lung collapse or a collapse of only a portion of the lung.
How do I know if I have an air leak in my chest tube?
Assess for air leaks at least once per shift and as needed, based on your patient’s respiratory status. Start by examining the air-leak detection chamber in the water seal of the drainage device. An air leak presents as small air bubbles; the amount of bubbling indicates the degree of the leak.
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What causes air leak in lung?
Pulmonary air leaks occur when there is uneven alveolar ventilation, air trapping and high transpulmonary pressure swings. In the immature lung, the pores of Kohn are reduced and thus uneven ventilation is compounded by a lack of redistribution of pressure through the alveolar connecting channels.