Saguaro Cactus Blossom

(Cereus giganteus ) adopted on in march 16, 1931.

The Saguaro Blossom, (Carnegiea gigantea,) was adopted as the floral emblem of the Arizona region on march 8, 1901, and also officially evidenced as the state flower by the legislature on march 16, 1931. Before its adoption, a saguaro cactus showed up on the an initial territorial seal of Arizona in 1863.The gigantic saguaro cactus (Cereus giganteus) is native to Arizona; it grow to a elevation of fourty to fifty feet and also lives to an age of 150 to 200 years. The flower of the tree-sizedsaguarocactus is a distinctive desertflower, fragrant and creamy white v a yellow center.

Arizona State Flower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom


The saguaro cactus (Carnegiea gigantea) is just one of the specifying plants of the Sonoran Desert. The saguaro cactus has been defined as the monarch of the Sonoran Desert, as a prickly horror, together the supreme symbol the the American Southwest, and also as a plant with personality. The Saguaro is renowned for the variety of odd, all-too-human forms it assumes, forms that inspire wild and fanciful imaginings. These plants space large, tree-like columnar cacti that build branches (or arms) as they age, although part never prosper arms. These arms typically bend upward and can number end 25. Saguaros space covered with protective spines, white flowers in the late spring, and red fruit in summer. The Saguaro is a relatively fast cultivation cactus also known, as Saguaro is the most well known giant cactus of the world. Can thrive up to 12 M height. Saguaro alcohol is provided for rain rituals. The pulp have the right to be boiled down or fermented, witch offers you sweet, brown syrup. This deserve to be mixed with water or alcohol, which offers you Saguaro beer or wine.

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The fragrant, waxy white saguaro blossom is just one of the most unique State flowers. In May and also June, the Cactus bears creamy white flowers with yellow centers that measured around three inches. The Saguaro Cactus flower have the right to be found on the finish of the branches. The flower only opens ~ above cooler nights and also is closed throughout the heat of midday. However, it"s not simple to see the beautiful, creamy white, trumpet-shaped flower inasmuch together they open just at night and last only about 18 hours. The flowers are sweetly scented and also attract bees and flies v its bloom season the May and June. Through July, the flowers become red-fleshed fruits that feeding doves moving from Mexico.


Saguaros are discovered exclusively in the Sonoran Desert. The most important determinants for expansion are water and temperature. If the elevation is also high, the cold weather and frost can kill the saguaro. Back the the Sonoran Desert experience both winter and also summer rains, the is thought that the Saguaro obtains most of that moisture during the summer rainy season.

Life Span

The large saguaro is the king that cacti. A full-grown saguaro is usually much more than 35 feet in height and is at the very least 75 year old, periodically reaching a height of 50 feet and also life expectations of 200 years. Some have actually arms however all room green and also have a wax-like skin that helps protect against water loss. Rare and endangered this extraordinary huge cactus has actually been protected within Saguaro nationwide Park due to the fact that 1933.


Saguaro are an extremely slow farming cactus. A 10 year old plant might only be 1.5 inches tall. Saguaro can prosper to be between 40-60 feet high (12-18m). When rain is plentiful and the saguaro is totally hydrated it can weigh in between 3200-4800 pounds.

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You find this cactus in southerly Arizona and western Sonora, Mexico. At the northern section of their variety they are an ext plentiful on the warmer south facing slopes. A few stray tree can additionally be uncovered in southeast California.


The saguaro fruit has actually long been supplied by the Papago and Pima Indians who harvest the fruits and make syrup. Saguaro seeds contain the psychoactive alkaloids Carnegine and Arizonine.

The Arizona amendment Statutes

The law designating the Saguaro together the main Arizona state flower is uncovered in the Arizona revised Statutes, title 41, chapter 4.1, article 5, ar 41-855.

TITLE 41. STATE GOVERNMENT. thing 4.1. HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGY and also STATE EMBLEMS. write-up 5. State Emblems. section 41.855. 41-855. State flower. The pure white waxy flower the the Cereus giganteus (giant cactus) or Saguaro shall it is in the state flower.

Taxonomic Hierarchy: Saguaro

Kingdom: Plantae - tree Subkingdom: Tracheobionta - Vascular tree Superdivision: Spermatophyta - Seed tree Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering tree Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons Subclass: Caryophyllidae Order: Caryophyllales Family: Cactaceae - Cactus family Genus: Carnegiea Britton & increased - saguaro Species : Carnegiea gigantea (Engelm.) Britton & climbed - saguaro