Whether you"re creating a letter or calculating numerical data, your key-board is the main means to go into information right into your computer. However did you recognize you can additionally use your keyboard to manage your computer? finding out a few simple key-board commands(instructions to her computer) can assist you work more efficiently.

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How the secrets are organized

The tricks on your keyboard can be separated into numerous groups based upon function:

keying (alphanumeric) keys. This keys encompass the same letter, number, punctuation, and also symbol keys found on a timeless typewriter.

Control keys. These keys are supplied alone or in mix with other keys to perform details actions. The most generally used control keys are Ctrl, Alt, the Windows logo key , and also Esc.

Function keys. The function keys are provided to perform particular tasks. They room labeled as F1, F2, F3, and also so on, up to F12. The usability of these tricks differs from regime to program.

Navigation keys. These secrets are offered for moving roughly in papers or webpages and also editing text. They encompass the arrowhead keys, Home, End, page Up, web page Down, Delete, and Insert.

Numeric keypad. The numeric keypad is handy for entering numbers quickly. The secrets are grouped together in a block choose a traditional calculator or including machine.

The complying with illustration shows how these tricks are arranged on a typical keyboard. Your key-board layout might be different.


Typing text

anytime you require to type something in a program, e‑mail message, or message box, you"ll watch a blinking vertical heat (

 ) called the cursor or insertion point. It shows where the text that you type will begin. You can move the cursor by click in the preferred location through the mouse, or by utilizing the navigation secrets (see the "Using navigating keys" ar of this article).

In enhancement to letters, numerals, punctuation marks, and symbols, the typing keys likewise include Shift, hat Lock, Tab, Enter, the Spacebar, and Backspace.

Key name

How to use it


Press change in mix with a letter to type an uppercase letter. Press transition in mix with another an essential to kind the symbol shown on the upper part of that key.

hat Lock

Press hat Lock once to form all letters as uppercase. Push Caps Lock again to rotate this duty off. Your keyboard can have a irradiate indicating even if it is Caps Lock is on.


Press Tab to move the cursor several spaces forward. Girlfriend can additionally press Tab to move to the following text crate on a form.


Press get in to relocate the cursor come the start of the following line. In a dialog box, press go into to choose the highlighted button.


Press the Spacebar to move the cursor one an are forward.


Press Backspace come delete the character prior to the cursor, or the selected text.

Using key-board shortcuts

Keyboard shortcutsare ways to perform actions by using your keyboard. They"re dubbed shortcuts because they help you work faster. In fact, almost any activity or command you have the right to perform with a mouse can be performed faster using one or much more keys on your keyboard.

In aid topics, a plus sign (+) between two or more keys shows that those tricks should be pressed in combination. For example, Ctrl + A means to press and hold Ctrl and then press A. Ctrl + shift + A means to press and hold Ctrl and change and then press A.

Find regime shortcuts

You deserve to do points in many programs by making use of the keyboard. To check out which commands have keyboard shortcuts, open up a menu. The shortcuts (if available) are displayed next come the food selection items.


key-board shortcuts appear next to food selection items.

Choose menus, commands, and options

You deserve to open menus and also choose commands and other alternatives using her keyboard. In a regimen that has menus through underlined letters, press Alt and also an underlined letter to open the corresponding menu. Press the underlined letter in a menu item to choose that command. Because that programs that use the ribbon, such as Paint and WordPad, pressing Alt overlays (rather than underlines) a letter that have the right to be pressed.


push Alt + F to open up the file menu, then press P to pick the publish command.

This trick functions in dialog boxes too. Whenever you view an underlined letter attached come an option in a dialog box, it means you can press Alt plus that letter to choose that option.

Useful shortcuts

The following table lists several of the most beneficial keyboard shortcuts. For a more detailed list, see keyboard shortcuts.

Press this

To perform this

home windows logo crucial  

Open the Start menu

Alt + Tab

Switch in between open programs or windows

Alt + F4

Close the active item, or leave the energetic program

Ctrl + S

Save the current file or document (works in most programs)

Ctrl + C

Copy the selected item

Ctrl + X

Cut the selected item

Ctrl + V

Paste the selected item

Ctrl + Z

Undo one action

Ctrl + A

Select every items in a file or window


Display help for a regimen or Windows

Windows logo key  + F1

Display Windows help and lifwynnfoundation.org


Cancel the existing task

Application key

Open a menu of commands related to a an option in a program. Equivalent to right-clicking the selection.

Using navigation tricks

The navigation keys permit you to move the cursor, move about in documents and also webpages, and edit text. The adhering to table perform some typical functions of this keys.

Press this

To perform this

Left Arrow, appropriate Arrow, increase Arrow, or Down arrowhead

Move the cursor or choice one space or heat in the direction the the arrow, or role a webpage in the direction of the arrow


Move the cursor come the finish of a heat or move to the top of a webpage


Move the cursor to the finish of a line or move to the bottom of a webpage

Ctrl + house

Move come the optimal of a document

Ctrl + end

Move to the bottom the a document

Page Up

Move the cursor or web page up one screen

page Down

Move the cursor or page down one screen


Delete the character after the cursor, or the selected text; in Windows, delete the selected item and also move it to the Recycle Bin


Turn Insert mode off or on. Once Insert setting is on, text that you form is put at the cursor. When Insert mode is off, text that you kind replaces present characters.

Using the numeric keypad

The numeric keypad arranges the number 0 despite 9, the arithmetic operators + (addition), - (subtraction), * (multiplication), and also / (division), and the decimal allude as they would appear on a calculator or including machine. These personalities are duplicated elsewhere top top the keyboard, the course, yet the keypad arrangement permits you come rapidly get in numerical data or math operations through one hand.


Numeric Keyboard

To use the numeric keypad to go into numbers, push Num Lock. Many keyboards have a light that indicates whether Num Lock is ~ above or off. Once Num Lock is off, the numeric keypad functions as a 2nd set of navigation keys (these attributes are published on the keys next come the number or symbols).

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You have the right to use her numeric keypad to perform basic calculations v Calculator.