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ionic bond, likewise called electrovalent bond, form of linkage formed from the electrostatic attraction in between oppositely charged ions in a chemical compound. Such a bond develops when the valence (outermost) electron of one atom space transferred permanently to an additional atom. The atom that loses the electrons i do not care a positively fee ion (cation), when the one that gains them i do not care a negatively fee ion (anion). A brief treatment that ionic bonds follows. For complete treatment, see chemical bonding: The development of ionic bonds.

Ionic bonding results in compounds well-known as ionic, or electrovalent, compounds, which are best exemplified through the link formed in between nonmetals and also the alkali and also alkaline-earth metals. In ionic crystalline solids that this kind, the electrostatic pressures of attraction in between opposite charges and also repulsion between comparable charges orient the ions in together a manner the every hopeful ion becomes surrounded by an adverse ions and also vice versa. In short, the ions are so arranged that the hopeful and an adverse charges alternating and balance one another, the all at once charge of the entire substance gift zero. The size of the electrostatic pressures in ionic crystals is considerable. Accordingly, these substances often tend to be hard and nonvolatile.

Sodium chloride exhibits ionic bonding. The sodium atom has a solitary electron in that is outermost shell, if chlorine needs...

An ionic bond is in reality the extreme situation of a polar covalent bond, the latter resulting from unequal sharing of electrons fairly than finish electron transfer. Ionic bonds typically form when the difference in the electronegativities that the two atoms is great, if covalent bonds form when the electronegativities room similar. Compare covalent bond.

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The editor of Encyclopaedia lifwynnfoundation.org This article was most recently revised and also updated by Adam Augustyn.